Research at the Department of Chemistry
Much of the research carried out by the department is interdisciplinary (eg involving medicine, physics and biology) and is mainly basic.
Research includes: environmental monitoring; analytical methods for trace analyses eg. in predators and grazing ruminants; drinking water; blood; biogeochemistry; and on precipitation and distribution of radiocesium; analytical techniques for online monitoring of organic compounds in the environment; electrochemistry and piezo-electric nanogravimetry;kinetics of electrochemical reactions;long-range transport of pollutants;electrochemical methods and sensor and biosensor technology; developing methods for analysing organic air and water contaminants; atmospheric mercury and PCB in the arctic; global geochemical mapping and sediment-associated flux of major world rivers; urban geochemistry in European cities; ocean acidification; climatic changes, carbon and iron cycle; marine pollution and coastal ecology influence of climate on the marine environment.
Chemistry Education and History
In chemistry education one studies chemistry from a more overall perspective than in ordinary research within chemistry. That means one looks at chemistry as a research discipline, as a teaching subject, and as a subject for dissemination in a historical and societal context. This will include study of the history of chemical ideas, the development of chemistry as a research and teaching subject, the legitimising of chemistry today as a teaching subject and a topic for dissemination, and, last but not the least, studies of methodological aspects of chemistry.
Some on-going projects:
- Small scale and low-cost electrochemistry experiments in education.
- Bridging Chemistry and Art: Identification of chemical components of art objects in a contextual frame (collaboration with analytical chemistry and NTNU University Museum).
- Reconstruction of historic experiments, particular iconic ones (see also History of chemistry projects).
"Writing as a basic skill in science/chemistry." This project is part of a interdisciplinary research project funded by the Norwegian Research Council aiming at analyzing current practices in school and preparing teachers for developing writing skills in all school subjects (www.skriving.no )
History of chemistry projects:
- Ida Noddack-Tacke: Woman in chemistry and wife of a chemist
- 100 years of chemistry training in Trondheim
- A history of the development of column chromatography: From Tswett to HPLC
- The reception of the periodic system in Norway
Areas of interest: 19th & 20th century chemistry, chemical instrumentation & collections, re-staging classical experiments in chemistry, women in science, textbooks in the history of chemistry.
Activities centre around the elucidation of inorganic structures using synchrotron methods combined with complementary techniques; the syntheses of a variety of materials including nanocatalysts.
Research areas include reaction design; synthetic and mechanistic chemistry; natural product chemistry; studies on antioxidants; heterocyclic chemistry; metal- and organocatalysis; preparation of biologically active compounds; supramolecular chemistry and photocatalysis.
Research activites cover the following topics: non-equilibrium thermodynamics (phase transitions; membrane transport; chemical reactors;distillation; biological systems; fuel cells; electrolysis systems); developing chemometric methods; hyperspectral technology and image analysis; 3D quantitative property relationships; bioinformatics, de novo design; development of scientific software; reactive force fields –catalysis and proteins; breakdown in dielectric liquids; nonlinear optics in carbon materials; fundamental studies of oxides and metalorganic frameworks by in situ spectroscopies;interactions between nanoporous solids and gas phase molecules; catalytic systems involving nanoporous aluminosilicates(zeolites) and silicoaluminophosphates; applications of nanoporous catalysts in oxygenate- and hydrocarbon conversion reactions; development of quantum chemistry methods for large systems, development of accurate electron-correlation methods; metal-containing enzymes redox enzymes; mechanisms of energy coupling between ATP hydrolysis and redox processes in the nitrogen fixing enzyme system.