Historically Norway's growth and prosperity has to a large extent been based on natural resources. Nowadays oil is the natural resource that generates highest income. The resource curse with internal conflicts and low growth has plagued many countries rich on resources. Why is that? What characterize countries that have been able to avoid the resource curse? Researchers at the Department of Economics are also working on utilization of renewable resources. What is efficient management of fish stocks, rivers with Atlantic salmon, and reindeer grazing land? How should one handle conflicts between wild animals and farmers?