No. 33: Alfred Rieber --- Salami Tactics Revisited: Hungarian Communists on the Road to Power

Salami Tactics Revisited No. 33: Alfred Rieber --- Salami Tactics Revisited: Hungarian Communists on the Road to Power No. 33: Alfred Rieber --- Salami Tactics...
Salami Tactics Revisited

No. 33: Alfred Rieber --- Salami Tactics Revisited: Hungarian Communists on the Road to Power

No. 33: Alfred Rieber --- Salami Tactics Revisited: Hungarian Communists on the Road to Power

 

The present study seeks to re-interpret the coming to power of the Hungarian Communists within the context of the history of Hungary since the Treaty of Trianon with emphasis on the period from 1944 to 1948. The monograph makes extensive use of Russian archival material and recently published documents to demonstrate the complexities and limitations of Soviet intervention in Hungarian politics. The analysis concentrates on the inter-party conflicts that destroyed the functioning coalition and explores the intra-party disputes that characterized Communist policies and tactics in the drive for power. Additional light is shed on the relations between the Hungarian communists and their Czech and Yugoslav "comrades" revealing the deep splits within the international Communist movement.

 

Published in March 2013

Price: NOK 150

No. 32: Dag Ole Huseby -- The Catholic Church and the Europeanization Process

The Catholic Church and the Europeanization Process No. 32: Dag Ole Huseby -- The Catholic Church and the Europeanization Process No. 32: Dag Ole Huseby -- The Catholic...
The Catholic Church and the Europeanization Process

No. 32: Dag Ole Huseby -- The Catholic Church and the Europeanization Process

No. 32: Dag Ole Huseby -- The Catholic Church and the Europeanization Process: The Cases of Croatia and Poland

 

From the Introduction:

This work "seeks to assess the strength of the European Union's (EU) democratic conditionality in relation to anti-discrimination protectin in the post-communist countries Poland and Croatia, and thus contribute to the research field of Europeanization and the question of EU influence on this process. At the same time, it will explore the Catholic Church's role in this process as a potential veto player, and therefore also contribute to the increasingly important field of research on the ways in which religion is influencing politics ..."

 

Published in October 2010

Price: NOK 150

 

No. 31: Steven Harris -- Two lessons in modernism: what the Architectural review and America's mass media taught Soviet architects about the West

Steven Harris -- Two lessons in modernism: what the Architectural review and America's mass media taught Soviet architects about the West TSEECS Nr. 31 The essay focuses "upon two...

No. 31: Steven Harris -- Two lessons in modernism: what the Architectural review and America's mass media taught Soviet architects about the West

Steven Harris -- Two lessons in modernism: what the Architectural review and America's mass media taught Soviet architects about the West

TSEECS Nr. 31

The essay focuses "upon two exchanges between Soviet and Western architects and housing experts, one in 1947 and one in 1955, which have received little attention from scholars, but merit closer examination for what they can tell us about how these

individuals shaped the interpretation of domestic issues and international relations alongside the more familiar diplomatic and military spheres of the Cold War conflict." Dr. Harris argues "that taken together, the exchanges revealed two 'lessons' directed at the Soviet Union in an evolving Western discourse on modernist design that projected relations of power entirely at odds with the Soviet leadership's view of its place in the world. Both exchanges subsequently deteriorated into Cold War
spectacles that both sides believed exposed the true motivations and machinations of the other. Having tried to avoid such an outcome, the Soviet architects and housing in these exchanges learned an unintended lesson about the unpredictable workings of the Western media that could twist their words and actions in the name of ideology in ways all too familiar to citizens of Stalin's
Soviet Union."

Published in August 2010

Price NOK 150

No. 30: Fiery Hungarians, Subversive Czechs, Snappy Germans

    Maria Fritsche , Fiery Hungarians, Subversive Czechs, Snappy Germans. How Post-War Austrian Cinema Recycled Imperial History To Construct a New National Identity ...
Fiery Hungarians, Subversive Czechs, Snappy Germans

No. 30: Fiery Hungarians, Subversive Czechs, Snappy Germans

 

 

Maria Fritsche, Fiery Hungarians, Subversive Czechs, Snappy Germans. How Post-War Austrian Cinema Recycled Imperial History To Construct a New National Identity

TSEECS Nr. 30
 

From the Introduction:

"No other genre in post-war Austrian cinema celebrated Austria and the Austrian people more strongly than the historical costume film. The films fed into the discourse on Austrian identity; they equipped it with adequate imagery and provided ‘historical evidence' for the claim that the Austrians were a distinct species."

 

Published in July 2010

Price NOK 50

No. 29: Between East and West: Modernity, Identity, and the Turkish Bath

        Nina Ergin , Between East and West: Modernity, Identity, and the Turkish Bath TSEECS Nr. 29   From the Introduction: ...
Between East and West

No. 29: Between East and West: Modernity, Identity, and the Turkish Bath

 

 

 

 

Nina Ergin, Between East and West: Modernity, Identity, and the Turkish Bath

TSEECS Nr. 29
 

From the Introduction:

In 1867, the World Fair took place in Paris, welcoming 15 million visitors. Like all states who wanted to join in the display of Civilization (with a capital C) and their cultural and technological contributions to it, the Ottoman Empire presented itself with an assembly of pavilions that included a small mosque, a residential building, a fountain on a plaza, and a bathhouse. These buildings as well as the activities and displays that they housed were to convey Ottoman social life and culture to the European visitors. The Ottoman exhibition committee had commissioned the pavilions from Léon Parvillée, a self-trained French architect, who previously had documented and restored the Ottoman monuments of Bursa on request of the Ottoman government. The hamam he designed was a rectangular building block with three rooms — (A) the dressing room, (B) the warm room, and (C) the hot room, all of which were quite faithful to those of original functional hamams — and two domes as the superstructure (Fig. 1a, 1b). Visitors could enter the building through a high portal and proceed to the hot room, where benches along the walls invited them to sit down and contemplate the exotic, "Oriental" atmosphere. It is noteworthy that a hamam pavilion was also included in the 1873 World Fair in Vienna, where it once again represented the Ottoman Empire, together with a coffeehouse, the sultan's treasury, and four more buildings.

                In 1868, one year after the Paris World Fair, Ottoman urban planners demolished one of the oldest, largest and most important bathhouses of Istanbul, the Çemberlitaş Hamamı, by cutting off a corner of the women's dressing room at a 45-degree angle. The Çemberlitaş Hamamı had been built in 1583 under the patronage of Nurbanu Sultan, the mother to the then incumbent Sultan Murat III, by the famous master architect Sinan. Its location — opposite one of the oldest monuments of the city, the Constantine's Column dating to 330; bordering on the Divan Yolu which formed the main traffic artery of the city and frequently was the scene of Ottoman imperial processions; and situated right in the middle of a lively commercial area — as well as its function — as an institution of hygiene as well as social gathering — made the Çemberlitaş Hamamı one of most crowded and also most profitable hamams of Istanbul. Nevertheless, the Commission of Road Improvement, which had been established in 1866 after a devastating fire, did not hesitate to sacrifice part of a 285-year-old monument (along with a number of other Ottoman monuments located in the area) to a wide, straight boulevard from the Covered Bazaar to the Hagia Sophia.

                What is the significance of and the relationship between these two vignettes — one about exhibition, the other about demolition —about two rather contradictory ways in which the Ottomans perceived and treated the hamam, one of their oldest cultural institutions? In the following, I hope to disentangle and explain the reasons behind these contradictory positions, which in fact were entirely determined by how the Ottomans imagined and hoped to fashion themselves as part of the West. In fact, it was not only hamams that were viewed from such contradictory perspectives, but also antiquities and Ottoman artifacts, vernacular residential architecture, the preservation of built heritage in general, and many objects and practices of daily life and culture. My primary focus here is on the bathhouse in the nineteenth century; however, the latter part of the essay will also take into account how the attitudes towards the hamam as they emerged in this earlier period have continued to shape attitudes in the Early Republican Period, and even today.

 

Published in January 2008

Price NOK 50

No. 28: Danilo Udovički-Selb, The Evolution of Soviet Architectural Cultur

        Danilo  Udovički-Selb ,  The Evolution of Soviet Architectural Culture in the First Decade of Stalin's ‘Perestroika' ...
TSEECS Nr. 28

No. 28: Danilo Udovički-Selb, The Evolution of Soviet Architectural Cultur

 

 

 

 

Danilo Udovički-SelbThe Evolution of Soviet Architectural Culture in the First Decade of Stalin's ‘Perestroika'

TSEECS Nr. 28

 

From the Introduction:


The paper is based on research in "the Soviet Government archives, the archives of the Moscow Party organization, the Soviet Communist Party's Central Committee and Politburo, the Kaganovič papers, documents held by the Moscow Architectural Museum, the Lenin Library, and the Russian archives for the arts and literature. The essay examines some of the significant aspects of Modernism's survival under Stalin, in concept and in realized buildings, over the decade preceding the Second World War. It includes a discussion of the dramatic events that surrounded the 1928 competition for the Lenin Library, when the Modernists appealed to the Party to intervene in the defense of modern architecture. The Party's response was to create an architectural organization, the VOPRA that, far from being the expression of a spontaneous movement as has been regarded thus far, was secretly sponsored and instructed by the Party's leadership, and, more than endorsing a principled position, was aimed at monopolizing architectural debate. A reassessment of the last version of the Palace of the Soviets, conventionally known as a hyper-Stalinist project with its oppressive monumentality, furnishes a surprising illustration of the essay's larger point regarding the surviving spirit of both Modernity (related to industrialization) and Modernism (related to avant-garde movements) in the Soviet Union under Joseph Visarionovič Stalin."

Published in January 2008

Price NOK 150

No. 27: Aleksandr. S. Stykalin, Ilya Ehrenburg and Hungary's 1956

        Aleksandr S. Stykalin, Ilya Ehrenburg an d Hungary's 1956. Ehrenburg,   The Krushchev Party Elite, and the Western Intelligentsia...
Nr. 27: Aleksandr. S. Stykalin, Ilya Ehrenburg and Hungary's 1956

No. 27: Aleksandr. S. Stykalin, Ilya Ehrenburg and Hungary's 1956

 

 

 

 

Aleksandr S. Stykalin, Ilya Ehrenburg and Hungary's 1956. Ehrenburg,  The Krushchev Party Elite, and the Western Intelligentsia

TSEECS Nr. 27



From the introductory part of the essay:

"... a complete analysis of the writer's life, as well as the attitude towards his works in the former Soviet Union and beyond, remain challenging, which can be easily explained by the fact that only recently have top secret records from Communist Party and diplomatic archives become accessible. The expansion of the source range adds specific new biographical facts and offers profound new insights into the character of the relationship between Soviet power and one of the central figures of the country's literary establishment over sveral decades, not to mention a man whose active creative and public work often inspired an international response. A further examination of Ehrenburg's life is important also in and of itself due to the significance of the place it occupies in the literary process and in the literary history of the USSR. The Ehrenburg is also interesting in the broader context of the relationship between an artist of left socialist convictions, the principles of artistic freedom connected to them, and the toal power of the state that attempted to bend literature and the arts to its will and restrict them to political directives. On the one hand, the dramatic story  of these relations describes the inevitable and far-reaching compromises as well as moral lapses on Ehrenburg's part. On the other hand, it also provides insight into his deperate attempts to expand the limits of cultural life within a communist country, including -- and perhaps most importantly -- its cultural contacts with the West."
 
Published in December 2008

Price NOK 50

No. 26: Karl Brown, Dance Hall Days: Jazz and Hooliganism in Communist Hungary, 1948-1956

        Karl Brown, Dance Hall Days: Jazz and Hooliganism in Communist Hungary, 1948-1956 TSEECS Nr. 26 From the introductory section...
Dance Hall Days

No. 26: Karl Brown, Dance Hall Days: Jazz and Hooliganism in Communist Hungary, 1948-1956

 

 

 

 

Karl Brown, Dance Hall Days: Jazz and Hooliganism in Communist Hungary, 1948-1956

TSEECS Nr. 26


From the introductory section of the essay:

"... an underground jazz scene permeated communist Hungary despite the regime's attempts to eradicate it. In the late 1940s and early 1950s -- at the peak of the cold war, and before the advent of rock and roll -- jazz was one of the more tempting cultural exports the USA had to offer. Scores of sources recount how Hungarians tuned in to jazz as well as political broadcasts from Western radio broadcasts on a regular basis, in villages as well as Budapest; moreover, musicians regularly flaunted the official proscriptions against playing jazz in bars, clubs and cafes. Worst of all -- from the regime's standpoint -- jazz seemed to be the major culprit in the coalescence of a deviant youth subculture: the jampec, or hooligan."
 

Published in October 2008

Price NOK 50

No. 25: Andrzej Szczerski, The Modern Flux: Polish Art after 1989

  Andrzej Szczerski, The Modern Flux: Polish Art after 1989 TSEECS nr. 25 From the introductory section of the essay: "The open borders and the variety of...
The Modern Flux

No. 25: Andrzej Szczerski, The Modern Flux: Polish Art after 1989

 

Andrzej Szczerski, The Modern Flux: Polish Art after 1989

TSEECS nr. 25



From the introductory section of the essay:

"The open borders and the variety of international grants and international art projects turned artists into nomads of the post-industrial world and resulted in several brisk careers, at least on the European art scene. In that respect the arts could be seen as a symbol of the successful transition from communism to capitalism, through their embracement of the modern means of communication, and the strategies and values of the post-industrial society as well as the international art world."
 

Published in February 2008

Price: NOK 150

No. 24: Lewis Siegelbaum, The Faustian Bargain of the Soviet Automobile

        Lewis Siegebaum, The Faustian Bargain of the Soviet Automobile TSEECS nr. 24 32 pages From the Introduction: "As late...
TSEECS nr. 24

No. 24: Lewis Siegelbaum, The Faustian Bargain of the Soviet Automobile

 

 

 

 

Lewis Siegebaum, The Faustian Bargain of the Soviet Automobile

TSEECS nr. 24

32 pages


From the Introduction:

"As late as the mid-1960s Soviet car production hovered around 200,000 units of which the public had a chance to buy a mere 65,000. These  consisted overwhelmingly of the Moskvich, the Soviet version of a pre-war Opel Kadett produced at Moscow's Automobile Factory of the Leninist Komsomol (AZLK), and the Zaporozhets, a subcompact with a 26 hp engine manufactured by a former tractor factory in Ukraine. But even as Koningsberger reveled in the solitude of Russia's open roads, a giant car
factory - the world's largest - was rising on the Volga's left bank at a town called Togliatti. This was the Volga Automobile Factory (VAZ), a state-of-the-art plant for which the Soviet government paid Fiat some $US 900,000,000 to produce the Zhiguli (exported as the Lada), the Soviet equivalent of the Fiat 124. By 1970 the plant commenced operation; by 1974 it reached its full capacity of 660,000 cars a year. The threshold of the mass production of cars and their private ownership had been crossed. Thanks primarily to VAZ, Soviet roads accommodated about 8 million cars by 1980.

Why did Soviet authorities decide to do this, why had they entered into what Averell Harriman, the American billionaire and former ambassador to the Soviet Union, called "the deal of the century?" And what were the long-term consequences of this decision? This paper seeks to shed new light on these questions by employing another deal - between the alchemist/necromancer Johann Georg Faust and the devil/Mephistopheles - that has come to be known as the Faustian bargain."
 

Published in January 2008

Price: NOK 50

No. 23: Törnquist-Plewa & Malmgren, Homophobia and Nationalism in Poland

        Barbara Tönrquist-Plewa and Agnes Malmgren, Homophobia and Nationalism in Poland: The reactions to the march against homophobia in Cracow...
Homophobia in Poland

No. 23: Törnquist-Plewa & Malmgren, Homophobia and Nationalism in Poland

 

 

 

 

Barbara Tönrquist-Plewa and Agnes Malmgren, Homophobia and Nationalism in Poland: The reactions to the march against homophobia in Cracow 2004

TSEECS nr. 23

40 pages


From the Introduction:

"Homosexuality, and human sexuality generally, are certainly not marginal issues, since the organisation of sexual difference and biological and cultural reproduction are central in every culture. They are connected to core existential issues like life and death, but also to the organisation of the society; therefore the debate surrounding the march can be used to show the tensions in the changing Polish society. In our analysis we will argue that the march raised questions concerning Polish identity: Who gets a place in the national community and who is excluded? Which are the basic national and cultural values and who will have the power to define them? The debate can be interpreted as an expression of the conflict taking place today about the reformulation of Polish identity. This process occurs in the interplay between Polish traditional cultural values, reasserted after the end of forty years of communist rule, and the influence of liberal ideas from the West, leading to a conflict between advocates of and opponents to the modernisation of Polish culture with EU liberal democracies as models."
 

December 2007

Price: NOK 50

No. 22: János M.Rainer, The Agent. Fragments on State Security and Middle Class Values

        János M. Rainer,  The Agent. Fragments on State Security and Middle Class Values in Kádárist Hungary .  46 pages. ...
The Agent

No. 22: János M.Rainer, The Agent. Fragments on State Security and Middle Class Values

 

 

 

 

János M. Rainer, The Agent. Fragments on State Security and Middle Class Values in Kádárist Hungary

46 pages.


This study exploits the files of the political police of the Kádár era to generate fascinating and most valuable insight into the social and cultural history of socialist Hungary's  Bildungsbürgertumin the 1960s and 1970s. Dr. Rainer is Director of the 1956 Isntitute, one of Hungary's leading research institution in the study of contemporary history.
 

Published in October 2007.

Price NOK 50

No. 21: David R. Marples, The Lukashenka Phenomenon...

            David R. Marples, The Lukashenka Phenomenon. Elections, Propaganda, and the Foundations of Political Authority in...
The Lukashenka Phenomenon

No. 21: David R. Marples, The Lukashenka Phenomenon...

 

 

 

 

 

 

David R. Marples, The Lukashenka Phenomenon. Elections, Propaganda, and the Foundations of Political Authority in Belarus

120 pages.



From the Introduction: "This monograph examines the Belarusian elections campaigns of 1994 and 2006, and the referendum of 2004, before offering an assessment of the key aspects of Lukashenka's electoral success, including the so-called 'economic miracle' and the question whether there is any clearly defined strategy in the recent steps taken to distance Belarus from Russia and to emphasize that its current sovereignty is sacrosanct."
 

Published in August 2007.

Price NOK 150

No. 20: Marcin Kula, Messages of Stones. The Changing Symbolism of the Urban Landscape in Warsaw

        Marcin Kula, Messages of Stones. The Changing Symbolism of the Urban landscape in Warsaw in the Post-Communist Era 55 pages with 55...
Messages of Stones

No. 20: Marcin Kula, Messages of Stones. The Changing Symbolism of the Urban Landscape in Warsaw

 

 

 

 

Marcin Kula, Messages of Stones. The Changing Symbolism of the Urban landscape in Warsaw in the Post-Communist Era

55 pages with 55 colour illustrations.



Marcin Kula's essay offers an interpretive review of some of the most important tendencies of change in the political-cultural symbolism of the streets in post-communist Warsaw. The booklet is richly illustrated with photos taken by the author himself.
 

Published in April 2007.

Price NOK 150

No. 19: Kruno Kardov, Reconstructing Community, Recreating Boundaries

        Kruno Kardov, Reconstructing Community, Recreating Boundaries. identity Politics and production of Social Space in Post-War Vukovar ...
Reconstructing Community, Recreating Boundaries

No. 19: Kruno Kardov, Reconstructing Community, Recreating Boundaries

 

 

 

 

Kruno Kardov, Reconstructing Community, Recreating Boundaries. identity Politics and production of Social Space in Post-War Vukovar


This study presents an attempt to grasp some of the underlying changes and transformations of group identities within the overall process of remaking the world after the war in Vukovar. Its focus is on a number of central questions of particular analytical concern: What are the present relations between former neighbours and friends? What kind of problems do people face upon return from exile, and how do they repossess their social space? Finally, what happens when two divided ethnic groups, whose separation was followed by massive loss of lives on both sides, find themselves together again, sharing the same space?


Published in November 2006.

Price NOK 50

No. 18: György Péteri, ed., Nylon Curtain

            György Péteri, ed.,  Nylon Curtain. Transnational and Transsystemic Tendencies in the Cultural Life of...
Nylon Curtain

No. 18: György Péteri, ed., Nylon Curtain

 

 

 

 

 

 

György Péteri, ed., Nylon Curtain. Transnational and Transsystemic Tendencies in the Cultural Life of State-Socialist Russia and East-Central Europe (Trondheim, TSEECS nr. 18, August 2006), 184 pp.

ISBN 82-995792-9


The book is reporting the findings of the collaborative part of PEECS' previous project,Discourses of Global Ambitions and Global Failures.

Contents

Preface

1. György Péteri, Introduction

2. Danielle Fosler-Lussier, 'Multiplication by Negative One': Musical Values in   
    East-West Engagement

3. Rachel Beckles Willson, Longing for a National Rebirth: Mythological Tropes in
    Hungarian Music Criticism

4. Kiril Tomoff, A Pivotal Turn: Prague Spring 1948 and the Soviet Construction of
    a Cultural Sphere

5. Michael David-Fox, The 'Heroic Life' of a Friend of Stalinism: Romain Rolland and
    Soviet Culture

6. Greg Castillo, Blueprint for a Cultural Revolution: Hermann Henselmann and the
    Architecture of German Socialist Realism

7. Knut Andreas Grimstad, Beyond Identity Politics, or the Polish Past Mastered:
    Transatlantic Strategies in the Writings of Witold Gombrowicz

8. Jon Raundalen, A Communist Takeover in the Dream Factory: Appropriation of
    Popular Genres by the East German Film Industry


This book includes articles which were originally published in two consecutive theme issues of Slavonica: Vol. 10, Nr. 2 (November 2004) for essays 1-4, and Vol.11, Nr. 1 (April 2005) for the essays nr. 5-8. The journal's editor is  Jekaterina Young, Russian Studies, University of Manchester, UK. Slavonica's publisher is Maney Publishing.

 

Price: NOK 150

No. 17: Jim Samson, Placing Genius: The Case of George Enescu

  No. 17: Jim Samson - Placing Genius: The Case of George Enescu From the Introduction The music of Enescu is the closest thing to a canonic repertory to have...
Placing Genius: The Case of George Enescu

No. 17: Jim Samson, Placing Genius: The Case of George Enescu

 

No. 17: Jim Samson - Placing Genius: The Case of George Enescu

From the Introduction

The music of Enescu is the closest thing to a canonic repertory to have emerged from South East Europe. In attempting to account for this, the essay probes the historical nature of creative genius as a perceived category. It works towards an understanding of genius as a convergence between talent of a rare and truly exceptional kind with the kind of significant project (uniquely defining of both its time and its place) enabled by what Peter Bürger has called an institution of art. All three components---the talent, the project, the institution---are necessary constituents. In applying this to Enescu, it is argued that his ‘significant project' was to delve deeply into the transition between a highly diversified indigenous culture, strongly marked by its Byzantine and Ottoman inheritance, and a European symphonic culture. Like all significant composers, he brought to full realization what lay latent in the musical material, understanding musical material in Adorno's sense; i.e. as a category so heavily mediated that it can provide a remarkably authentic snapshot of both its time and its place.

The essay approaches this conclusion in discrete stages. It is structured in four sections, which juxtapose compositional and contextual analyses. By setting up a superficially attractive comparison with the Polish composer Karol Szymanowski (section 1), the author demonstrates that at a deeper level the respective projects of these composers were entirely different, and indeed could only have been entirely different, given their contrasted backgrounds in Poland and Romania. This in turn allows for a deconstruction of conventional understandings of an east European musical ‘renaissance' in the early twentieth century, and at the same time contextualises Enescu's investment in transition by invoking wider discourses of balkanism (section 2). Section 3 offers a sustained analytical commentary on Enescu's music from the early 1920s onwards, identifying three distinct idioms through which he composed out his project of transition, while section 4 develops the understanding of creative genius articulated above.

 

Published in May 2006.

Price: NOK 50

No. 16: János M. Rainer & György Péteri, eds.: Muddling Through in the Long 1960s

        Muddling Through in the Long 1960s. Ideas and Everyday Life in High Politics and the Lower Classes of Communist Hungary "Die hier...
Muddling Through

No. 16: János M. Rainer & György Péteri, eds.: Muddling Through in the Long 1960s

 

 

 

 

Muddling Through in the Long 1960s. Ideas and Everyday Life in High Politics and the Lower Classes of Communist Hungary

"Die hier versammelten sieben Einzelstudien und die Einleitung des Herausgebers bieten Einblicke in bisher kaum bekannte Aspekte der Kádárzeit und kännen daher als herausragender Beitrag für eine zukünftige vergleichende Erforschung Europas in den 1960er Jahren angesehen werden." (Árpád von Klimo, H-Soz-u-Kult)

The book, TSEECS Nr. 16.,  includes the following contributions:

János Rainer, The Sixties in Hungary -- some historical and political approaches

Gábor Kovács, Revolution, lifestyle, power and culture -- features of political thought in the Sixties

Melinda Kalmár, An attempt at optimization. The reform model in culture, 1965-1973

György Péteri, From Purge to Scandal: The MEGÉV-affair and the changing political style in communist Hungary

Zsuzsanna Varga, Questioning the Soviet economic model in the 1960s

Tibor Valuch, From long house to square. Changing village living conditions in Sixties Hungary

Eszter Tóth, Flats, gardens, oranges, Kennedy rings

Sándor Horváth, Hooligans, spivs, and gangs. Youth subcultures in the 1960s

Published in May 2005


Price NOK 150

No. 15: Constantin Iordachi - Charisma, Politics and Violence: The Legion of "Archangel Michael"

    Constantin Iordachi Charisma, Politics and Violence: The Legion of the "Archangel Michael" in Inter-war Romania From the reader's report: "[this] is...

No. 15: Constantin Iordachi - Charisma, Politics and Violence: The Legion of "Archangel Michael"

 

 

Constantin Iordachi
Charisma, Politics and Violence: The Legion of the "Archangel Michael" in Inter-war Romania

From the reader's report: "[this] is an extremely well researched, well-presented and scholarly piece of work which makes a convincing case for applying the Weberian concept charisma to understanding the Iron Guard."

From the review of Dennis Deletant (Slavonic and East European Review, 86:2, 2006, p. 357): "This study is essential reading for all students of Fascism."

Published in December 2004.

Price NOK 150

Mon, 04 Feb 2013 14:32:40 +0100

No. 14: John Connelly - Reflections of Social Change

    John Connelly Reflections of Social Change: Polish Rural Sociology, 1930 - 1965  Published in September 2004.  Price: NOK 50 ...
No. 14: John Connelly - Reflections of Social Change

No. 14: John Connelly - Reflections of Social Change

 

 

John Connelly
Reflections of Social Change: Polish Rural Sociology, 1930 - 1965 

Published in September 2004. 

Price: NOK 50

No. 13: György Péteri (ed.) - Patronage, Personal Networks and the Party-State

    György Péteri (ed.) Patronage, Personal Networks and the Party-State: Everyday Life in the Cultural Sphere in Communist Russia and East Central Europe ...
No. 13: György Péteri (ed.) - Patronage, Personal Networks and the Party-State

No. 13: György Péteri (ed.) - Patronage, Personal Networks and the Party-State

 

 

György Péteri (ed.)
Patronage, Personal Networks and the Party-State: Everyday Life in the Cultural Sphere in Communist Russia and East Central Europe

Contents
Introduction
György Péteri

From Illusory 'Society' to Intellectual 'Public': VOKS, International Travel and Party-Intelligentsia Relations in the Interwar Period
Michael David-Fox

'Most Respected Comrade ...': Patrons, Clients, Brokers and Unofficial Networks in the Stalinist Music World
Kiril Tomoff

Contacts: Social Dynamics in the Czechoslovak State-Socialist Art World 
Maruska Svasek

'Cultural Bosses' as Patrons and Clients: the Functioning of the Soviet Creative Unions 
in the Postwar Period

Vera Tolz 

Kruzhok Culture: the Meaning of Patronage in the Early Soviet Literary World
Barbara Walker

Purge and Patronage: Kádár's Counter-revolution and the Field of Economic Research
in Hungary, 1957-1958

György Péteri

The essays included in this book were originally published in the theme issue of Contemporary European History, Vol. 11, Part 1 (February 2002).

Published in March 2004.

ISBN 82-995792-4-4

Price NOK 150

No. 12: Ingmar Oldberg - Uneasy Neighbours

    Ingmar Oldberg  Uneasy Neighbours: Russia and the Baltic States in the Context of NATO and EU enlargements   Published in December 2002.  ...
No. 12: Ingmar Oldberg - Uneasy Neighbours

No. 12: Ingmar Oldberg - Uneasy Neighbours

 

 

Ingmar Oldberg 
Uneasy Neighbours: Russia and the Baltic States in the Context of NATO and EU enlargements 

Published in December 2002. 

Price: NOK 50

No. 11: Vjeran Pavlakovic, Sabrina P. Ramet and Philip Lyon - Sovereign Law vs Sovereign Nation

    Vjeran Pavlakovic, Sabrina P. Ramet and Philip Lyon  Sovereign Law vs Sovereign Nation: The Cases of Kosovo and Montenegro  Published in...
No. 11: Vjeran Pavlakovic, Sabrina P. Ramet and Philip Lyon - Sovereign Law vs Sovereign Nation

No. 11: Vjeran Pavlakovic, Sabrina P. Ramet and Philip Lyon - Sovereign Law vs Sovereign Nation

 

 

Vjeran Pavlakovic, Sabrina P. Ramet and Philip Lyon 
Sovereign Law vs Sovereign Nation: The Cases of Kosovo and Montenegro 

Published in October 2002. 

Price: NOK 50

No. 10: Knut Andreas Grimstad - The Globalization of Biography

    Knut Andreas Grimstad  The Globalization of Biography. On Multilocation in the Transatlantic Writings of Witold Gombrowicz, 1939-1969  ...
No. 10: Knut Andreas Grimstad - The Globalization of Biography

No. 10: Knut Andreas Grimstad - The Globalization of Biography

 

 

Knut Andreas Grimstad 
The Globalization of Biography. On Multilocation in the Transatlantic Writings of Witold Gombrowicz, 1939-1969 

"Approaches to Globality" Subseries

Published in June 2002. 

Price: NOK 50

No. 09: Scott M. Eddie & Christa Kouschil - The Ethnopolitics of Land Ownership in Prussian Poland

        Scott M. Eddie & Christa Kouschil The Ethnopolitics of Land Ownership in Prussian Poland, 1886-1918. The Land Purchases of the...
No. 9: Scott M. Eddie & Christa Kouschil - The Ethnopolitics of Land Ownership in Prussian Poland

No. 09: Scott M. Eddie & Christa Kouschil - The Ethnopolitics of Land Ownership in Prussian Poland

 

 

 

 

Scott M. Eddie & Christa Kouschil
The Ethnopolitics of Land Ownership in Prussian Poland, 1886-1918. The Land Purchases of the Ansiedlungskommission 

Published in May 2002 

Price: NOK 50

No. 08: Catriona Kelly - "The Little Citizens of a Big Country"

        Catriona Kelly "The Little Citizens of a Big Country". Childhood and International Relations in the Soviet Union   "Approaches...
No. 8: Catriona Kelly - "The Little Citizens of a Big Country"

No. 08: Catriona Kelly - "The Little Citizens of a Big Country"

 

 

 

 

Catriona Kelly
"The Little Citizens of a Big Country". Childhood and International Relations in the Soviet Union 

"Approaches to Globality" Subseries, 

Published in March 2002.
 
Price: NOK 50

No. 07: Victoria de Grazia - American Supermarkets versus European Small Shops

        Victoria de Grazia American Supermarkets versus European Small Shops. Or how transnational capitalism crossed paths with moral economy in...
No. 7: Victoria de Grazia - American Supermarkets versus European Small Shops

No. 07: Victoria de Grazia - American Supermarkets versus European Small Shops

 

 

 

 

Victoria de Grazia American Supermarkets versus European Small Shops. Or how transnational capitalism crossed paths with moral economy in Italy during the 1960s "Approaches to Globality" Subseries,
 
Published in March 2002.
 
Price: NOK 50

No. 06: György Péteri (ed.) - Intellectual Life and the First Crisis of State Socialism

        György Péteri (ed.) Intellectual Life and the First Crisis of State Socialism in East Central Europe, 1953-1956 Contents ...
No. 6: György Péteri (ed.) - Intellectual Life and the First Crisis of State Socialism

No. 06: György Péteri (ed.) - Intellectual Life and the First Crisis of State Socialism

 

 

 

 

György Péteri (ed.)
Intellectual Life and the First Crisis of State Socialism in East Central Europe, 1953-1956

Contents
Introduction
György Péteri

The development of Imre Nagy as a Politician and an Intellectual
Rainer M. János

Possessed: Imre Lakatos' Road to 1956
Lee Congdon

New Course Economics: The Field of Economic Research in Hungary After Stalin, 1953-56
György Péteri
 
Ulbricht and the Intellectuals
John Connelly

Intellectuals and Mass Movements, Ideologies and Political Programs in Poland in 1956
Pawel Machcewicz
 
The Politics of Artistic Identity: The Czech Art World in the 1950s and 1960s
Maruska Svasek

The essays included in this book were originally published in the theme issue of Contemporary European History, Vol. 6, Part 3 (November 1997).


Published in November 2001

ISBN 82-995792-3-6

Price: NOK 150

No. 05: Jon Raundalen - Indianeren som westernhelt

        Jon Raundalen  Indianeren som westernhelt. En studie av den østtyske westernfilmen  (The Indian as a Western Hero. A Study of...
No. 5: Jon Raundalen - Indianeren som westernhelt

No. 05: Jon Raundalen - Indianeren som westernhelt

 

 

 

 

Jon Raundalen 
Indianeren som westernhelt. En studie av den østtyske westernfilmen 
(The Indian as a Western Hero. A Study of the East German Western-films)

In Norwegian, with an 11 page long English Summary), Hovedfag dissertation, 179 p. 

Abstract
In communist GDR, between 1966 and 1985, the state-owned DEFA (Deutsche Film Aktiengesellschaft) produced 13 films bearing the unmistakable western film look: horses, cowboys, Indians, noisy saloons etc. Most of these so-called Indianerfilme were solid blockbuster hits. This fact combined with the knowledge of the merciless enforcement of the cultural policies on the GDR film industry of the late 1960s simply begs the question: How could it be that the most American of all film genres surfaced and was allowed to flourish in the GDR at this special point in time? From the meager source material available on the subject I have sought to trace the roots of the somewhat bizarre phenomenon of the ‘communist western.' My findings range from broad cultural-historical explanations down to DEFAs narrower pragmatic-economic concerns. I also trace the history of some of the central characters involved in the making of the Indianerfilme , including the superstar ‘positive hero' of these films, the Yugoslav athlete Gojko Mitic. I also touch on themes such as stardom and the place of entertainment in the GDR socialist society. The iconography and the basic cast of characters in the Indianerfilme corresponds very well with the genre's American heritage, but certain transformations have of course occurred on the way from the USA to the GDR. In my study I map out both likenesses and differences between the two varieties in order to build a fuller understanding of  how and why this particular genre could live such a long, successful, and evidently politically sanctioned life within the confines of the hardline cultural policies of the SED. Through close analysis of sequences from central  Indianerfilme I identify and examine interesting ‘crossroads' between the requirements of the original western myth and the demands of Marxist-Leninist ideology. These ‘crossroads' are revealing and enlightening in the search for answers to the questions of both how and why ‘homemade westerns' came to be the big hit of the late 60s and early 70s popular culture in the GDR.  

Published in February 2001

ISBN 82-995972-2-8

Price: NOK 150

No. 04: Frode Overland Andersen - Fragile Democracies

        Frode Overland Andersen Fragile Democracies: A Study of Institutional Consolidation in Six Eastern and Central European Democracies...
No. 4: Frode Overland Andersen - Fragile Democracies

No. 04: Frode Overland Andersen - Fragile Democracies

 

 

 

 

Frode Overland Andersen
Fragile Democracies: A Study of Institutional Consolidation in Six Eastern and Central European Democracies 1989-1997, 
Hovedfag dissertation, 173 p.

Abstract 
This study analyses the question of institutional consolidation in six Eastern and Central European democracies between 1989 and 1997. Institutional consolidation is the process of optimisation, institutionalisation and habituation of the democratic institutions - a process that is initiated after the transition to democracy. The process of consolidation is not only a vital step in the completion of the democratisation process, it is often argued to be instrumental in making democratic systems of government more resistant to breakdown and instability. 

This study seeks to analyse two questions within the limits of the above-mentioned parameters: How much progress has been made in the institutional consolidation process since 1989, and how can this process be analysed and understood? 

To answer these questions it is necessary to construct an analytical model for the empirical study of institutional consolidation. The model proposed is based on three broad dimensions, focusing on different aspects of the phenomenon: the level of political conflict, executive stability, and the independence of vital state institutions. By assessing each of these dimensions it is possible to reach a conclusion regarding both the process itself and the status of the process in early 1998. The analysis clearly shows that despite the fact that these countries have enjoyed roughly similar periods of time since their first elections, they reveal substantial differences in their degree of institutional consolidation. Some of these differences are obviously caused by the countries' different structural points of departure. However differences are also significantly shaped by the inability to tackle fundamental problems in the transition to democracy, and to the "self-inflicted" problems inherited by less benign choices made during earlier phases in the democratisation process. 

Published in November 2000

ISBN 82-995792-0-1

Price: NOK 150

No. 03: Mark B. Adams - Networks in Action

        Mark B. Adams   Networks in Action: The Khruschev Era, the Cold War, and the Transformation of Soviet Science Abstract: Based...
No. 3: Mark B. Adams - Networks in Action

No. 03: Mark B. Adams - Networks in Action

 

 

 

 

Mark B. Adams 
Networks in Action: The Khruschev Era, the Cold War, and the Transformation of Soviet Science

Abstract:
Based on more than a quarter century of evolving work, this "thought piece" is a re-evaluation of Soviet science during the Khrushchev-era (1954-1964). It focuses on a series of remarkable events occurring during the so-called "Thaw" (1955-1958) that give evidence of a fundamental transformation then occurring in Soviet science  under the influence of the Cold War. These developments suggest the critical role played by personal networks in the evolution of Russian science. The piece concludes with some methodological impålications for studying Soviet science, the Cold War, and the history of science writ large.

Published in October 2000 

Price: NOK 50

No. 02: Gábor Klaniczay - The Annales and Medieval Studies in Hungary

No. 02: Gábor Klaniczay - The Annales and Medieval Studies in Hungary This paper is an attempt to assess the impact in Hungary of the French school of historiography, ...

No. 02: Gábor Klaniczay - The Annales and Medieval Studies in Hungary

This paper is an attempt to assess the impact in Hungary of the French school of historiography, Annales, on four levels. It begins with a brief overview of the translations of the past decades, and considers cass of personal and institutional co-operation between French and Hungarian historians. Then, in the second part a more general enquiry is attempted, a kind of Rezeptionsgeschichte, which presents first the principal trends and varieties of medievalist scholarship in Hungary, outlinging the possible points of contact nd dialogue with the Annales historians, and subsequently some important oeuvres are presented, where these encounters really produced results.

Published in August 2000.

Price NOK 50

No. 01: Michael David-Fox - Masquerade: Sources, Resistance and Early Soviet Political Culture

        Michael David-Fox Masquerade: Sources, Resistance and Early Soviet Political Culture Abstract   This paper considers...
No. 1: Michael David-Fox - Masquerade: Sources, Resistance and Early Soviet Political Culture

No. 01: Michael David-Fox - Masquerade: Sources, Resistance and Early Soviet Political Culture

 

 

 

 

Michael David-Fox
Masquerade: Sources, Resistance and Early Soviet Political Culture

Abstract 
This paper considers concepts of political culture, ritual and theatricality and their applications to early Soviet history and source criticism. A central dynamic in the emergence of a Soviet political culture, it argues, was the dissemination of new ritual practices and publicly performed group gatherings. The article describes a process of codification in the organizational vehicles developed to edify and transform the "new person" in early Soviet politics and culture. Given their increasingly formulaic conventions, it is suggested, the fundamental Soviet concern with "masking" and "unmasking" guilt had a strong tendency to escalate. This general discussion is complemented by illustrations of reading protocols and stenographic reports from the 1920s and early 1930s. Finally, the approach developed here toward decoding agency and intentionality in these sources is counterposed to resistance paradigms currently being imported into the Soviet field. 

Published in May 1999 

Price: NOK 50