Acronyms

This page defines acronyms used in the book Risk Assessment; Theory, Methods, and Applications

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  •  AEMA - Action error mode analysis
  • AIChE - American Institute of Chemical Engineers
  • ALARA - As low as reasonably achievable
  • ALARP- As low as reasonably practicable
  • API - American Petroleum Institute
  • ASME - American Society of Mechanical Engineers
  • BBN - Bayesian belief network
  • BLEVE - Boiling liquid expanding vapor explosion
  • BORA - Barrier and operational risk analysis
  • BPCS - Basic Process Control System
  • CAF - Cost of averting a fatality
  • CBA - Cost-benefit analysis
  • CCF - Common cause failure
  • CCPS - Center for Chemical Process Safety
  • CM - Corrective maintenance
  • CPT - Conditional probability table
  • DD - Dangerous detected (failure)
  • DU - Dangerous undetected (failure)
  • EFBA - Energy flow/barrier analysis
  • EN - European norm (standard)
  • EPA - U. S. Environmental Protection Agency
  • EPRI - Electric Power Research Institute
  • ESD - Emergency shutdown
  • ESDV - Emergency shutdown valve
  • ESP - Electronic stability program (in cars)
  • ETA - Event tree analysis
  • ETBA - Energy trace/barrier analysis
  • EU - European Union
  • EUC - Equipment under control
  • FAR - Fatal accident rate
  • FMEA - Failure modes and effects analysis
  • FMECA - Failure modes, effects, and criticality analysis
  • F-N - Frequency--number of fatalities
  • FRACAS - Failure reporting analysis and corrective action system
  • FSA- Formal safety assessment
  • FTA - Fault tree analysis
  • FTF - Fail to function
  • GAMAB - Globalement au moins aussi bon
  • GAME - Globalement au moins équivalent
  • GCAF - Gross cost of averting a fatality
  • GIDEP - Government Industry Data Exchange Program
  • HAZID - Hazard identification
  • HAZOP - Hazard and operability study
  • HEART - Human error analysis and reduction technique
  • HEP - Human error probability
  • HMSO - Her Majesty's Stationary Office 
  • HPP - Homogeneous Poisson process
  • HRA - Human reliability analysis
  • HTA - Hierarchical task analysis
  • HSE - Health, safety, and environment
  • HSE - Health and Safety Executive (UK)
  • HSWA - Health and safety at work act (UK)
  • IAEA - International Atomic Energy Agency
  • ICAF - Implied cost of averting a fatality
  • ICAO - International Civil Aviation Organization
  • IEC - International Electrotechnical Commission
  • IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers
  • IMO - International Maritime Organization
  • IPL - Independent protection layer
  • IR -Individual risk
  • IRPA - Individual risk per annum
  • ISO - International Organization for Standardization
  • JSA - Job safety analysis
  • LCC - Life cycle cost
  • LOC - Loss of containment
  • LOPA - Layer of protection analysis
  • LTA - Less than adequate
  • LTI - Lost time incident
  • MARS - Major Accident Reporting System
  • MHIDAS - Major Hazard Incident Analysis System
  • MDT - Mean downtime
  • MEM - Minimum endogenous mortality
  • MLE - Maximum likelihood estimator
  • MMS - Mineral Management Service of the U.S. Department of the Interior
  • MORT - Management Oversight and Risk Tree
  • MTBF - Mean time between failures
  • MTTF - Mean time to failure
  • MTTR - Mean time to repair
  • NASA - National Aeronautics and Space Administration
  • NEA - Nuclear Energy Agency
  • NOAEL - No observed adverse effect level
  • NRC - Nuclear Regulatory Commission
  • NTNU - Norwegian University of Science and Technology
  • NUREG - Title of reports from U.S. NRC (Nuclear Regulatory Commission)
  • OREDA - Offshore Reliability Data
  • OSHA - Occupational Safety and Health Administration (U.S.A.)
  • PFD - Probability of failure on demand
  • PHA - Preliminary hazard analysis
  • P\&ID - Piping and instrumentation diagram
  • PM - Preventive maintenance
  • POB - People on board
  • PRA - Probabilistic risk assessment
  • PSA - Probabilistic safety assessment
  • PSF - Performance shaping factor
  • QRA - Quantitative risk analysis (or assessment)
  • RAM - Reliability, availability, and maintainability
  • RAMS - Reliability, availability, maintainability, and safety
  • RBD - Reliability block diagram
  • RBDM - Risk-based decision making
  • RCM - Reliability centered maintenance
  • RIAC - Reliability Information Analysis Center, U.S. Department of Defense
  • RIDM - Risk informed decision making
  • RIF - Risk influencing factor
  • ROCOF - Rate of occurrence of failures
  • SAE - Engineering Society for Advancing Mobility in Land Sea Air and Space
  • SAR - Search and rescue
  • SFAIRP - So far as is reasonably practicable
  • SHE - Safety, health, and environment
  • SIF - Safety instrumented function
  • SIL - Safety integrity level
  • SIS - Safety instrumented system
  • SLIM - Success likelihood index method
  • SMS - Safety management system
  • SWIFT - Structured what if technique
  • THERP - Technique for human error rate prediction
  • UK - United Kingdom
  • USCG - U.S. Coast Guard
  • VPF - Value of preventing a fatality
  • VROM - Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment - The Netherlands
  • WOAD - World Offshore Accident Data 

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