FY8203 - Soft Condensed Matter
Lessons are not given in the academic year 2014/2015
The course is given every other year, next time spring 2016. The physics of soft condensed matter involves materials that are easily deformable by externally applied stresses, by electric or magnetic fields, or simply by thermal fluctuations, The level of description for such complex materials typically starts at the nano scale, i.e. at scales much larger than atomic or molecular scales, and the structure and dynamics at the nano scale determine macroscopic physical properties at the human scale. One overall goal of research into this growing field of science is thus to probe and understand the relationship between nano scale and macro scale physics. The materials under study include both natural, synthetic and biological materials, and the broad range of research interests range from fundamental physics to technological applications, from basic materials questions via problems related to oil@gas technology to to specific biological problems.
The following general and popularized literature may be recommended as background:
The student is expected to obtain a theoretical understanding of the physics of soft condensed matter, from nanoparticles and interactions on the nanoscale to soft materials dynamics and stability on the macro scale. Further, obtain a theoretical and partly practical insight into parts of some experimental techniques that are relevant for studies of soft material physics, like for example Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM), scattering techniques and rheometry.
Learning methods and activities
Guided self study, lectures given by students, mid-term test, laboratory and/or project exercise, written home exam.
- Study groups by students
Exam registration requires that class registration is approved in the same semester, or that compulsory activities are approved in a previous semester.
Recommended previous knowledge
TFY4220 Solid state physics, TFY4245 Solid state physics, advanced course.
The course material will be decided later, and will for example be collected from (see also http://www.softmatterworld.org/):
"Fundamentals of Soft Matter Science", Linda S. Hirst, CRC Press 2012
"Intermolecular and Surface Forces: With Applications to Colloidal and Biological Systems" J. Israelachvili, 3rd ed. Academic Press 2010
"Structured Fluids: Polymers, Colloids, Surfactants", Thomas A. Witten, Oxford University Press, 2004
"Soft Matter Physics: An Introduction" M. Kleman and O.D. Lavrentovich, Springer Verlag 2003
"Statistical Thermodynamics of Surfaces, Interfaces, and Membranes" , Samuel A. Safran, Westview Press, 2003
"Soft Condensed Matter", R.A.L. Jones, Oxford University Press Inc. 2002
"Introduction to Soft Matter: Polymers, Colloids, Amphiphiles and Liquid Crystals" I.W. Hamley, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2000
"Principles of Condensed Matter Physics", P. M. Chaikin and T. C. Lubensky, Cambrdge Universty Press, 2000
Sands, Powders and Grains: An Introduction to the Physics of Granular Materials, J. Duran, Springer Verlag 2000
"The Structure and Rheology of Complex Fluids" Ronald G. Larson, Oxford University Press 1999