Background and activities
The PhD position
Gaspard Philis is a PhD candidate at the Department of Biological Sciences Ålesund at NTNU, financed by the NTNU Sustainability program. This PhD project is conducted in collaboration with RISE - The Swedish Research Institute and the Norwegian Veterinary Institute and linked to the NTNU Aquaculture Pilot project supported by NTNU Oceans and NTNU Sustainability.
Furthermore, Gaspard Philis participate in the development of the ISO/NP 22948 Carbon Footprint for Seafood - Product Category Rules (CFP-PCR) and the report "Assessment of the impacts of land-based activities on marine and coastal resources and environment" lead by the UNEP International Resource Panel.
Area of research
This PhD project focuses on the topic of aquaculture sustainability and more specifically on the quantitative measurements of environmental impacts generated by the Norwegian aquaculture industry. Our research effort concentrate on improving the comprehensivness of current Life Cycle Assessments (LCA) measuring the environmental impact of Norwegian salmon production. To work towards this objective, three main area of research have been identified:
- Quantifying the environmental impacts associated with biological lice treatments in the Norwegian aquaculture (cradle-to-grave).
- Quantifying the environmental impacts associated with mechanical and chemical lice treatments, including impacts derived from increased mortality (cradle-to-grave).
- Comparing LCA results of salmon lice treatments using an innovative stochiastic multicriteria acceptability analysis, with specific weighting regime.
- "Comparative Material and Substance Flow Analysis (MFA/SFA) of two aquafeed protein rich ingredients: Brazilian Soy Protein Concentrate (SPC) and Norwegian Seaweed Protein Concentrate (SWPC)". This study was part of the environmental assessment conducted in the PROMAC research project.
- Participation to an MFA/SFA study tracking plastics (Nylon, PE, PP) embedded in fishing gears lost and discarded by the Norwegian fishing fleet in the ocean (study conducted under the Circular Ocean Project).
Scientific, academic and artistic work
Displaying a selection of activities. See all publications in the database
- (2020) Recirculating Aquaculture Is Possible without Major Energy Tradeoff: Life Cycle Assessment of Warmwater Fish Farming in Sweden. Environmental Science and Technology.
- (2019) Using Material Flow Analysis (MFA) to generate the evidence on plastic waste management from commercial fishing gears in Norway. Resources, Conservation & Recycling: X. vol. 5.
- (2019) Comparing life cycle assessment (LCA) of salmonid aquaculture production systems: Status and perspectives. Sustainability. vol. 11:2517 (9).
- (2018) Comparing the primary energy and phosphorus consumption of soybean and seaweed-based aquafeed proteins – A material and substance flow analysis. Journal of Cleaner Production. vol. 200.
- (2018) Using Fishermen Survey to Realize the Behavior of Typical Fishing Gears upon Deployment and Potential Estimates of Gears Lost Annually in Norway. Sixth International Marine Debris Conference . UN Environment and NOAA; San Diego. 2018-03-12 - 2018-03-16.
- (2018) A material and substance flow analysis of soybean and seaweed-based aquafeed proteins. 24th International Sustainable Development Research Society Conference - Action for a sustainable world: from theory to practice . International Sustainable Development Research Society; Messina. 2018-06-13 - 2018-06-15.
- (2018) Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of salmonid aquaculture systems: status and perspectives. 11th International Conference on Life Cycle Assessment of Food 2018 (LCA Food) . Kasetsart University & King Mongkut's University; Bangkok. 2018-10-16 - 2018-10-20.