Background and activities

Process metallurgist with extensive non-ferrous and light metal experience (Cu, Ni, Zn, Mg, and Al) and knowledgeable in electric furnace design.

Experienced in first-of-a-kind metallurgical plants and commercialization of new technology, including technology and financial risk management.  More than 20 years of experience in the metallurgical industry (nickel, ferro-nickel, zinc, copper, magnesium, aluminium and materials) in plant operations, project engineering and applied research.

Areas of Experience:

  • Process engineering – Flowsheets and modelling (Metsim®), mass-energy balances, P&ID’s, instrumentation selection, process control functional descriptions, HAZOP, standard operating procedures, materials of construction, continuous improvement
  • Finite element modelling (COMSOL® 4.2a) of liquid and induction systems including computational fluid dynamics, AC/DC, magneto-hydrodynamics and heat transfer
  • Induction heating – Coil design, work piece power, resistance, inductance, and impedance
  • Slag resistance furnace design – Prediction of resistance, electrode sizing, required transformer current-voltage range, estimation of thermal efficiency, cooled copper block design, high intensity operation, refractory and cooling systems
  • Smelting technology – Nickel Smelting Technology, Rotary Kiln Electric Furnace FeNi, Carbothermic aluminium, Spent aluminium pot lining, Mitsubishi process, Noranda reactor
  • Fluid particle technology – Flash drying, calcining, roasters, fluid beds, cyclones, classifiers
  • Pneumatic conveying and materials handling – Dense and dilute phase, screening, conveyors, airslides, bucket elevators, solids metering devices, storage bins and silos, etc.
  • Industrial gas cleaning – Electrostatic precipitators, baghouses, cyclones, acid plants
  • Magnesium production – Magnola Process, preparation of anhydrous magnesium chloride
  • Hydrometallurgy – Mixing and leaching, autoclaves, membrane technology

Scientific, academic and artistic work

A selection of recent journal publications, artistic productions, books, including book and report excerpts. See all publications in the database

Journal publications


  • Hwang, Jian Yang; Jiang, T.; Kennedy, Mark William; Yucel, O.; Pistorius, Petrus Chris; Seshadri, V; Zhao, B; Gregurek, D; Keskinkilic, E. (2017) 8th International Symposium on High-Temperature Metallurgical Processing. Springer. 2017. ISBN 978-3-319-51340-9.
  • Zhang, L; Drelich, J; Neelameggham, N.R.; Guillen, D.P.; Haque, N.; Zhu, J.; Sun, Z; Wang, T; Howarter, J.A.; Tesfaye, F.; Ikhmayies, S.; Olivetti, Elsa; Kennedy, Mark William. (2017) Energy Technology 2017. Springer. 2017. ISBN 978-3-319-52192-3.

Part of book/report