Description of research area
Energy is a vital resource for Norway. The development of hydropower in the last century boosted industrialization and growth. During the past 40 years, oil and gas have created the foundation for Norwegian prosperity.
Energy conversion and consumption generate the largest global share of CO2 and other greenhouse gas emissions. Climate change caused by human activity demands a new agenda for energy.
An increased and reliable supply of renewable energy is a key challenge for the world community. Norway has the potential and responsibility to help increase the production of environmentally friendly energy, and to strengthen the knowledge base for sustainable production. A commitment to eco-friendly energy as a product and as knowledge could supply Norway with “the new oil”.
NTNU is Norway's largest institution for education of highly qualified graduates in subject areas relevant to energy. Energy is NTNU’s largest thematic research area: every year, NTNU educates more than 400 master’s graduates in energy-related disciplines for industry in Norway – and the world.
At the forefront of NTNU’s commitment:
- Technological solutions for new renewable energy, especially solar energy, bioenergy, wave power and offshore wind power. Development of technology for producing new renewable energy is important for achieving a substantial increase in eco-friendly energy.
- Energy efficiency and restructuring of energy systems in buildings. The buildings of the future will produce more energy than they consume. A prerequisite will be the combination of greater energy efficiency with solutions such as solar panels and solar heating systems.
- Continued exploitation of fossil resources demands efficient methods of carbon capture, storage and transport.
- Safe and effective recovery of oil and gas from existing fields in the North Sea.
- Innovation and new ways of thinking to promote sustainable transformation of the Norwegian energy system, including design of effective political strategies, an extended knowledge base for innovation, commercialization in enterprises, knowledge transfer from research to business, and involvement of the public.
- Smart energy systems (smart grids). Integration of renewable energy sources and exploitation of the existing grid require smart solutions. ICT, communication and smart control help to improve flexibility and reliability.
New areas are emerging:
- Nanoscience and advanced materials for new energy technology. New solutions in the area change the way we harvest, convert, store and use energy.
- The Norwegian power system represents energy storage capacity. It could help to balance variations in consumption and production in Europe together with other storage technologies.
- Norwegian hydropower faces major and important needs for renewal. Norway is largest in Europe in hydropower and number six in the world.
- Greater energy efficiency. To gain more benefit with less use of resources is important in all areas. Efficient new industrial processes can provide new products and applications for a sustainable society.
Our aim: solutions to energy challenges
The aim of NTNU’s commitment to the thematic area of energy is to contribute to interdisciplinary research as well as an integrated and coherent solution to energy challenges while ensuring better fulfilment of our responsibility to society.
We are committed to renewable energy and active participation in the Centres for Environment-friendly Energy Research.
Fri, 12 Oct 2018 14:12:59 +0200