course-details-portlet

TKP4145 - Reactor Technology

About

Examination arrangement

Examination arrangement: School exam
Grade: Letter grades

Evaluation Weighting Duration Grade deviation Examination aids
School exam 100/100 4 hours E

Course content

Overview and description of selected reactor types applied in industry, with main focus on fixed bed, fluidized bed, multiphase reactors, stirred tank reactors, and bioreactors. Discussion on the development of the underlying sub-models composing a reactor model: Chemical kinetics, thermodynamics, flow- and transport processes, and physical data. With basis in simple reactor model types, homogeneous and heterogeneous models will be developed for multiphase reactors. Further discussions on dynamics, non-ideal flow patterns, analysis based on residence time distribution functions, and population balance models.

Learning outcome

At the end of the course the students should be able to: - Understand the working principle of the reactor types most frequently used in the Norwegian industry (fixed bed-, fluidized bed-, bubble column-, stirred tank-, multifunctional reactors, etc). - Basic modeling concepts for reactive multiphase flows. Main differences between pseudohomogeneous- and heterogeneous reaktor models. - Understand complex homogeneous and heterogeneous reactions schems, and know how these can be introduced into the reactor model in a systematic way. - Basic theory for heat- and masstransport, homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis, reaction kinetics and termodynamics. Gathering suitable correlations to determine model parameters (from literature and/or from experimental data). - Discretization of the computational domain, discretization of the model equations by use of simple numerical methods, implement the model in Matlab, and carry out the simulations of the chemical process in industrial reactors. - Basic principles for design, scale-up and optimization of operational conditions for reactors based on model simulations. - Understand the interaction between theoretical and experimental analyses as tools in optimization of existing chemical processes and to minimize the development expenses for new processes. - Derive the model equations for the evolution of consentration-, temperature, and pressure profiles in fixed bed reactors with basis in the generalized microscopic balance- and conservation equations. Formulate suitable initial and boundary conditions. - Derive the pellet equations for the catalyst with basis in the generalized microscopic balance- and conservation equations. Formulate suitable initial and boundary conditions. - Carry out numerical analysis of effects due to variations in operating conditions like gas velocity, chemical composition, temperature and pressure for a selected number of chemical processes (e.g., SMR). - Distinguish between industrial reactor design (see previous point) and theoretical models (CSTR, PFR, etc). - Model, implement and simulate the relevant chemical processes operated in representative industrial reactors. - Evaluate the accuracy of the numerical computations. - Evaluate whether the simulated results are physically reasonable. Compare the simulated results with experimental data. Model validation.

Learning methods and activities

The general concepts of reactor modeling will be discussed in the lectures and project work. For compulsory projects must be passed in order to get access to the exam. In the projects the student will work applying these concepts to real problems in petrochemistry, biochemistry, environmental chemistry, and other related areas using Matlab. Expected workload per week is three hours of lectures, to hours of exercises and seven hours of self-studying. The total workload in the subject is 200 hours distributed on lectures (25%) and projects/independent studying (75%).

Compulsory assignments

  • Oblig

Further on evaluation

Written exam is the basis for the grade in the course. There are 4 projects in the course (including oral presentation). A requirement is that for each project 80% must be correct, the Matlab code must be working. The compulsory projects must be completed to give access to the exam. If there is a re-sit examination, the examination form may be changed from written to oral. For a re-take of an examination, all assessments during the course must be re-taken.

Specific conditions

Compulsory activities from previous semester may be approved by the department.

Course materials

Jakobsen, H. A.: Chemical Reactor Modeling: Multiphase Reactive Flows, SPRINGER, 2nd edition, 2014 and handouts.

Credit reductions

Course code Reduction From To
SIK2053 7.5
KP8902 7.5 AUTUMN 2010
More on the course

No

Facts

Version: 1
Credits:  7.5 SP
Study level: Second degree level

Coursework

Term no.: 1
Teaching semester:  SPRING 2023

Language of instruction: English

Location: Trondheim

Subject area(s)
  • Technological subjects
Contact information
Course coordinator:

Department with academic responsibility
Department of Chemical Engineering

Examination

Examination arrangement: School exam

Term Status code Evaluation Weighting Examination aids Date Time Examination system Room *
Spring ORD School exam 100/100 E INSPERA
Room Building Number of candidates
Summer UTS School exam 100/100 E INSPERA
Room Building Number of candidates
  • * The location (room) for a written examination is published 3 days before examination date. If more than one room is listed, you will find your room at Studentweb.
Examination

For more information regarding registration for examination and examination procedures, see "Innsida - Exams"

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