# TTK4190 - Guidance, Navigation and Control of Vehicles

### Examination arrangement

Examination arrangement: School exam

Evaluation Weighting Duration Grade deviation Examination aids
School exam 100/100 4 hours C

### Course content

Mathematical modeling and simulation of vehicles in 6 degrees of freedom. This includes mathematical modeling of ships, semi-submersibles, aircraft, autonomous underwater vehicles (AUV), and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV). Introduction to aerodynamics, hydrodynamics, sea loads, and mathematical modeling of the environment (waves, ocean currents, and wind). Kinematics (Euler angles and unit quaternions), transformations, rotation matrices, geographical and body-fixed coordinates systems, rigid-body kinetics, and vectorial mechanics. Methods for designing and implementing guidance, navigation, and control (GNC) systems for marine craft and aircraft. This includes simulation and testing of motion control systems during failure situations and for varying environmental loads. Emphasis is placed on classical guidance systems included line-of-sight (LOS) methods and path planning. Applied control theory and synthesis of optimal controllers and state estimators (Kalman filtering), nonlinear observer theory, PID control with extensions to nonlinear systems, Lyapunov methods, sliding-mode control, feedback linearization, backstepping designs, and passivity-based methods. Autopilot design, dynamic positioning, attitude stabilization, roll damping, altitude and depth autopilots, vibration damping, sensor and navigation systems, and wave filtering. Observers and error-state Kalman filter for integration of global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) and inertial measurements (gyros and accelerometers).

### Learning outcome

Knowledge: Detailed knowledge about guidance, navigation and control systems for marine craft, aircraft and unmanned vehicles (AUV and UAV systems). Be able to read and understand methods published in the literature and evaluate and compare these with methods used in practical systems. Skills: Design and implement motion control systems for ships, ocean structures, underwater vehicles, aircraft and unmanned vehicles. Be able to simulate vessel motion, motion control systems and the effect of wind, wave and ocean current forces on these systems. Independent management of small R&D projects and contribute actively in larger projects. General competence: Communicate work related problems with specialists and nonspecialists.

### Learning methods and activities

Lectures and mandatory computer assignments in Matlab og Simulink. A take-home project on UAV flight control systems. Introduction and use of the MSS Toolbox https://github.com/cybergalactic/MSS. The objectives of the assignments are to simulate and test self-developed motion control systems for marine craft, aircraft and unmanned vehicles.

### Compulsory assignments

• Assignments
• Flight control report

### Further on evaluation

School exam in writing is the basis for the final grade in the subject. The final grade is given as a letter. The exam is only given in English but answers in both Norwegian and English are accepted. If there is a re-sit examination, the examination form may be changed from written to oral. The computer assignments, take-home project and final exam must all be passed in order to pass the course. In the case that the student receives an F/Fail as a final grade after both ordinary and re-sit exam, then the student must retake the course in its entirety.

### Specific conditions

Compulsory activities from previous semester may be approved by the department.

### Required previous knowledge

TTK4105 Control Systems, alternatively AIS 2002 Control Systems Engineering, IELET2002 Control Engineering or TTK4230 Control Systems. TTK4115 Linear system theory, alternatively a course that covers linear-quadratic optimal control and state estimation (Kalman filter).

### Course materials

• Fossen, T. I. Handbook of Marine Craft Hydrodynamics and Motion Control. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2nd edition, 2021.
• Beard, R. W. and T. W. McLain. Small Unmanned Aircraft. Theory and Practice. Princeton University Press, 2012.

### Credit reductions

Course code Reduction From To
SIE3090 7.5
More on the course

Facts

Version: 1
Credits:  7.5 SP
Study level: Second degree level

Coursework

Term no.: 1
Teaching semester:  AUTUMN 2022

Language of instruction: Norwegian

Location: Trondheim

Subject area(s)
• Engineering Cybernetics
• MSc-level Engineering and Architecture
• Technological subjects
Contact information
Course coordinator: Lecturer(s):

Department of Engineering Cybernetics

# Examination

#### Examination arrangement: School exam

Term Status code Evaluation Weighting Examination aids Date Time Examination system
Autumn ORD School exam 100/100 2022-11-30 15:00
Summer UTS School exam 100/100
• * The location (room) for a written examination is published 3 days before examination date. If more than one room is listed, you will find your room at Studentweb.
Examination

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