APA 7th examples

APA 7th examples

Choose a source you want to see an example of.

The example shows you how to write references in-text and in a reference list. It also shows you which kind of reference to choose when using EndNote.

Norsk versjon: APA-eksempler

See also: Academic Writing and Using the APA reference style.

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Structure/template

Surname, Initial(s). (Year). Book title in italics [Translated title – if applicable] (Edition - if applicable). Publisher. DOI

If the book has a DOI, include the DOI in the reference. Use the format: https://...

Add an English translation of the title in square brackets if the source used is not in English.

In a reference list

Creme, P., & Lea, M. R. (2003). Writing at university (2nd ed.). Open University Press.

In text

(Creme & Lea, 2003, p. 10)

In EndNote

Add as “Book”.

Fill out the fields: Author (use “enter” between each author if more than one), Year, Title, Publisher, Edition (if applicable),DOI (if applicable).

(In the EndNote field DOI enter the DOI in this format: 10…).

Structure/template

Surname, Initial(s). (Year). Book title in italics [Translated title – if applicable] (Edition - if applicable). Publisher. DOI
Surname, Initial(s). (Year). Book title in italics [Translated title – if applicable] (Edition - if applicable). Publisher. https://...

If the e-book has a DOI, include the DOI in the reference. Use the format: https://...

E-book without a DOI, from most academic research databases: Do not include the URL in the reference. In this case the reference should be the same as for a print book.

Add an English translation of the title in square brackets if the source used is not in English.

In a reference list

Jackson, L. M. (2019). The psychology of prejudice: From attitudes to social action (2nd ed.). American Psychological Association. https://doi.org/10.1037/0000168-000

E-book with a DOI.

In text

(Jackson, 2019)

In EndNote

Add as “Electronic Book”.

Fill out the fields Author (use “enter” between each author if more than one), Year, Title, Publisher, Edition (if applicable), DOI or URL (if applicable).

(In the EndNote field DOI enter the DOI in this format: 10…).

If the e-book has no DOI and the URL is not to be included in the reference, add as “Book”. See example Book.

Structure/template

Surname author, Initial(s). (Year). Title of chapter [Translated title – if applicable]. In Initial(s) Surname editor (Ed./Eds.), Book title in italics (Edition - if applicable, page). Publisher. DOI/URL

If the book has a DOI, include the DOI in the reference. Use the format: https://...

Chapter in e-book without a DOI, from most academic research databases: Do not include the URL in the reference.

Add an English translation of the title in square brackets if the source used is not in English.

In a reference list

Beizer, J. L., & Timiras, M. L. (1994). Pharmacology and drug management in the elderly. In P. S. Timiras (Ed.), Physiological basis of aging and geriatrics (2nd ed., pp. 279-284). CRC Press.

In text

(Beizer & Timiras, 1994)

In EndNote

Add as “Book Section”.

Fill out the fields: Author (use “enter” between each author if more than one), Year, Title, Editor (use “enter” between each if more than one), Book Title, Publisher, Pages, Edition (if applicable), DOI or URL (if applicable).

(In the EndNote field DOI enter the DOI in this format: 10…).

To reference a chapter in an edited book, see example book chapter.

Structure/template

Surname editor, Initial(s). (Ed./Eds.). (Year). Book title in italics [Translated title – if applicable] (Edition – if applicable). Publisher. DOI/URL

If the book has a DOI, include the DOI in the reference. Use the format: https://...

E-book without a DOI, from most academic research databases: Do not include the URL in the reference.

Add an English translation of the title in square brackets if the source used is not in English.

In a reference list

Fermann, G. (Ed.). (1997). International politics of climate change: Key issues and critical actors. Scandinavian University Press.

In text

(Fermann, 1997)

In EndNote

Add as “Edited Book”.

Fill out the fields: Editor (use “enter” between each editor if more than one), Year, Title, Publisher, Edition (if applicable), DOI or URL (if applicable).

(In the EndNote field DOI enter the DOI in this format: 10…).

Structure/template

Surname, Initial(s). (Year). Article title [Translated title – if applicable]. Title of journal in italics, volume in italics(number), page. DOI – if available
Surname, Initial(s). (Year). Article title [Translated title – if applicable]. Title of journal in italics, volume in italics(number), page. https://...

If the journal article has a DOI, include the DOI in the reference. Use the format: https://...

Online journal article without a DOI, from most academic research databases: Do not include the URL in the reference.

Add an English translation of the title in square brackets if the source used is not in English.

In a reference list

Kwan, I., & Mapstone, J. (2004). Visibility aids for pedestrians and cyclists: A systematic review of randomised controlled trials. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 36(3), 305-312. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0001-4575(03)00008-3

Journal article with a DOI.

In text

(Kwan & Mapstone, 2004)

In EndNote

Add as “Journal Article”.

Fill out the fields: Author (use “enter” between each author if more than one), Year, Title, Journal, Volume, Issue, Pages, DOI or URL (if applicable).

(In the EndNote field DOI enter the DOI in this format: 10…).

Structure/template

Surname author, Initial(s). (Publication year). Title of paper [Translated title – if applicable]. In Initial(s) Surname editor (Ed./Eds.), Conference Name in italics (page). Publisher.

Add an English translation of the title in square brackets if the source used is not in English.

In a reference list

Storleer, R. (2004). The new UBiT Web: A better way to organize and retrieve information. In M. Hummelshøj (Ed.), Knowledge and change: Proceedings of the 12th Nordic Conference for Information and Documentation, September 1–3, 2004, Hotel Hvide Hus, Aalborg, Denmark (pp. 62–67). Royal School of Library and Information Science.

In text

(Storleer, 2004)

In EndNote

Add as “Book Section”.

Fill out the fields: Author (use “enter” between each author if more than one), Year, Title, Editor (use “enter” between each if more than one), Book Title, Publisher, Pages.

Structure/template

Surname, Initial(s). (Year, Date). Title of article [Translated title – if applicable]. Title of newspaper in italics, page.
Surname, Initial(s). (Year, Date). Title of article [Translated title – if applicable]. Title of newspaper in italics. https://...

Add an English translation of the title in square brackets if the source used is not in English.

In a reference list

Carey, B. (2019, March 22). Can we get better at forgetting? The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/03/22/health/memory-forgetting-psychology.html

In text

(Carey, 2019)

In EndNote

Add as “Newspaper Article”.

Fill out the fields: Reporter (use “enter” between each reporter if more than one), Year, Title, Newspaper, Pages (if printed newspaper), Issue Date, URL.

Structure/template

Surname, Initial(s). (Year). Title of dissertation or thesis in italics [Translated title – if applicable] [Doctoral dissertation, Institution]. Repository name. https://...
Surname, Initial(s). (Year). Title of dissertation or thesis in italics [Translated title – if applicable] [Unpublished doctoral dissertation]. Institution, Place.

Add an English translation of the title in square brackets if the source used is not in English.

In a reference list

Zambrano-Vazquez, L. (2016). The interaction of state and trait worry on response monitoring in those with worry and obsessive-compulsive symptoms [Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona]. UA Campus Repository. https://repository.arizona.edu/handle/10150/620615

In text

(Zambrano-Vazquez, 2016)

In EndNote

Add as “Thesis”. (If unpublished dissertation: Add as “Unpublished Work”).

Fill out the fields: Author (use “enter” between each author if more than one), Year, Title, University, Thesis Type, Name of Database, URL.

(If unpublished dissertation, fill out the fields: Author (use “enter” between each author if more than one), Year, Title of Work, Institution, Type of Work).

Official Norwegian report (NOU)

Structure/template

NOU Year: number. (Year). Title in italics [Translated title – if applicable]. Ministry.
NOU Year: number. (Year). Title in italics [Translated title – if applicable]. Ministry. https://...

Add an English translation of the title in square brackets if the source used is not in English.

In a reference list

NOU 2017: 2. (2017). Integrasjon og tillit: Langsiktige konsekvenser av høy innvandring [Integration and trust: Long-term consequences of high immigration]. Justis- og beredskapsdepartementet. https://www.regjeringen.no/no/dokumenter/nou-2017-2/id2536701/

In text

(NOU 2017: 2, p. 45)

In EndNote

Add as “Book”.

Fill out the fields: Author (add NOU year: number as author with a comma at the end), Year, Title, Publisher, URL.

Structure/template

Designation number (session). Title in italics [Translated title – if applicable]. Ministry. https://...

Add an English translation of the title in square brackets if the source used is not in English.

In a reference list

Meld. St. 29 (2012–2013). Morgendagens omsorg [Future care]. Helse- og omsorgsdepartementet. https://www.regjeringen.no/no/dokumenter/meld-st-29-20122013/id723252/

In text

(Meld. St. 29 (2012–2013))

In EndNote

Add as “Book”.

Fill out the fields: Author (add designation number (session) as author with a comma at the end), Title, Publisher, URL.

Norwegian law

Structure/template

Short title. (Year). Title in italics [Translated title – if applicable] (date code). Website name. https://...

Add an English translation of the title in square brackets if the source used is not in English.

In a reference list

Straffeloven. (2005). Lov om straff [The penal code] (LOV-2005-05-20-28). Lovdata. https://lovdata.no/lov/2005-05-20-28

Use Lovdata (https://lovdata.no) to find the law's short title and date code.

In text

(Straffeloven, 2005, § 20)

In EndNote

Add as “Book”.

Fill out the fields: Author (the law’s short title), Year, Title (the law’s full title and date code), Publisher, URL.

Structure/template

Organization. (Year). Title of the standard in italics [Translated title – if applicable] (Standard No.). https://...

Add an English translation of the title in square brackets if the source used is not in English.

In a reference list

International Organization for Standardization. (2005). Industrial sewing machines: Safety requirements for sewing machines, units and systems (ISO Standard No. 10821:2005). http://www.standard.no/no/Nettbutikk/produktkatalogen/Produktpresentasjon/?ProductID=113554

In text

(International Organization for Standardization, 2005)

In EndNote

Add as “Report”.

Fill out the fields: Author (with a comma after the name of the organization), Year, Title, Report Number, URL.

Structure/template

Surname, Initial(s). (Year). Title of the report in italics [Translated title – if applicable] (Report No.). Publisher. https://...

When the author and publisher are the same, omit the publisher from the reference.

Add an English translation of the title in square brackets if the source used is not in English.

In a reference list

Stuster, J., Adolf, J., Byrne, V., & Greene, M. (2018). Human exploration of Mars: Preliminary lists of crew tasks (Report No. NASA/CR-2018-220043). National Aeronautics and Space Administration. https://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/20190001401.pdf

In text

(Stuster et al., 2018)

In EndNote

Add as “Report".

Fill out the fields Author (use “enter” between each author if more than one), Year, Title, Publisher (with a comma at the end), Report Number, URL.

Structure/template

Surname, Initial(s). (Year, Date). Title in italics [Translated title – if applicable]. Website name. https://...

Provide as specific a date as possible for the web page. If the web page has an updated date and this date applies to the specific content you are citing, use the updated date in the reference.

Do not include retrieval date unless the content is designed to change over time and the web page is not archived. If needed, use this format: Retrieved October 20, 2017, from https://...

Add an English translation of the title in square brackets if the source used is not in English.

In a reference list

Giovanetti, F. (2019, November 16). Why we are so obsessed with personality types. Medium. https://medium.com/the-business-of-wellness/why-we-are-so-obsessed-with-personality-types-577450f9aee9

In text

(Giovanetti, 2019)

In EndNote

Add as “Web Page”.

Fill out the fields: Author (use “enter” between each author if more than one), Year, Title, Publisher, Last Update Date (if applicable), URL.

Structure/template

Organization or Institution. (Year, Date). Title in italics [Translated title – if applicable]. Website name. https://...

Provide as specific a date as possible for the web page. If the web page has an updated date and this date applies to the specific content you are citing, use the updated date in the reference.

When the author and site name are the same, omit the site name from the reference.

Do not include retrieval date unless the content is designed to change over time and the web page is not archived. If needed, use this format: Retrieved October 20, 2017, from https://...

Add an English translation of the title in square brackets if the source used is not in English.

In a reference list

World Health Organization. (2018, May 24). The top 10 causes of death. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/the-top-10-causes-of-death

The author and site name are the same. Site name is not included in the reference.

In text

(World Health Organization, 2018)

In EndNote

Add as “Web page”

Fill out the fields: Author (with a comma after the name of the organization or institution), Year, Title, Publisher (omit if the same as Author), Last Update Date (if applicable), URL.

To reference an entry in a printed encyclopedia, see example book chapter.

Structure/template

With an identified author:

Surname, Initial(s). (Year). Title of the entry [Translated title – if applicable]. In Initial(s) Surname editor (Ed./Eds.), Title of the encyclopedia in italics (Edition - if applicable, page). Publisher. https://...

Add an English translation of the title in square brackets if the source used is not in English.

Without an identified author:

Title of the entry. (Year). In Initial(s) Surname editor (Ed./Eds.), Title of the encyclopedia in italics (Edition - if applicable, page). Publisher. https://...

Add an English translation of the title in square brackets if the source used is not in English.

In a reference list

Without an identified author:

Oil painting. (2019, December 8). In Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Oil_painting&oldid=929802398

When citing Wikipedia, cite an archived version of the page. Access the archived version on Wikipedia by selecting “View history” and then the time and date of the version you used.

In text

Without an identified author:

(“Oil Painting,” 2019)

In EndNote

Add as “Electronic Book Section”.

Fill out the fields: Author (if the entry has an author), Year, Title, Editor (if applicable), Book Title, Edition (if applicable), Publisher (if applicable), Pages (if applicable), URL.

(Edit the in-text citation in the document if needed).

Structure/template

Surname, Initial(s). (Year, Date published). Title of the blog post [Translated title – if applicable]. Blog name in italics. http://...

In a reference list

Ouellette, J. (2019, November 15). Physicists capture first footage of quantum knots unraveling in superfluid. Ars Technica. https://arstechnica.com/science/2019/11/study-you-can-tie-a-quantum-knot-in-a-superfluid-but-it-will-soon-untie-itself/

In text

(Ouellette, 2019)

In EndNote

Add as “Blog”.

Fill out the fields: Author, Year, Title of Entry, Title of WebLog, Date, URL.

Structure/template

Surname artist, Initial(s). (Year). Title of work in italics [Translated title – if applicable] [Medium]. Institution, Place.
Surname artist, Initial(s). (Year). Title of work in italics [Translated title – if applicable] [Medium]. Institution, Place. http://...

Give the URL to the artwork on the museum web site if available.

Add an English translation of the title in square brackets if the source used is not in English.

In a reference list

van Gogh, V. (1889). The starry night [Painting]. The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY, United States. https://www.moma.org/learn/moma_learning/vincent-van-gogh-the-starry-night-1889/

In text

(van Gogh, 1889)

In EndNote

Add as: "Artwork".

Fill out the fields: Artist, Year, Title, Place Published, Publisher, Type of Work, URL (if available).

Examples of a reference list in APA style

Examples of a reference list in APA style

Beizer, J. L., & Timiras, M. L. (1994). Pharmacology and drug management in the elderly. In P. S. Timiras (Ed.), Physiological basis of aging and geriatrics (2nd ed., pp. 279-284). CRC Press.
Creme, P., & Lea, M. R. (2003). Writing at university (2nd ed.). Open University Press.
Kwan, I., & Mapstone, J. (2004). Visibility aids for pedestrians and cyclists: A systematic review of randomised controlled trials. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 36(3), 305-312. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0001-4575(03)00008-3

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