Vancouver examples

Choose a source you want to see an example of.

The example shows you how to write references in-text and in a reference list. It also shows you which kind of reference to choose when using EndNote.

Norsk versjon: Vancouver-eksempler

Icon for Academic Writing: blue circle with white pencil in the middle See also: Academic Writing and Using the Vancouver reference style.

Book

Structure/template

Surname Initial(s). Book title. Edition - if available. Place: Publisher; Year.

In a reference list

Dybvig DD, Dybvig M. Det tenkende mennesket. Filosofi- og vitenskapshistorie med vitenskapsteori. 2nd ed. Trondheim: Tapir akademisk forlag; 2003.

In text

 (1, p. 50)

In EndNote

Add as “Book”.

Fill out the fields: Author (use “enter” between each author if more than one), Year, Title, Place Published, Publisher, Edition – if applicable.

E-Book

Structure/template

Surname Initial(s). Book title [Internet]. Place: Publisher; Year [cited date]. Available from: http:// . . .

In a reference list

Bick J. 101 thing you need to know about Internet law [Internet]. New York: Three Rivers Press; 2000 [cited 2004 Mar 30]. Available from: http://site.ebrary.com/lib/ntnu/ 

In text

 (2)

In EndNote

Add as “Electronic Book”.

Fill out the fields: Author (use “enter” between each author if more than one), Year, Title, Type of Medium, Place Published, Publisher, Year Cited, Date Cited, URL.

Book chapter

Structure/template

Surname author Initial(s). Title of the chapter. In: Surname editor Initial(s), editor. Book title. Edition. Place: Publisher; Year. Pages.

In a reference list

Beizer JL, Timiras ML. Pharmacology and drug management in the elderly. In: Timiras PS, editor. Physiological basis of aging and geriatrics. 2nd ed. Boca Raton: CRC Press; 1994. p. 279-84.

In text

(3)

In EndNote

Add as “Book Section”.

Fill out the fields: Author (use “enter” between each author if more than one), Year, Title, Editor (use “enter” between each editor if more than one), Book title, Place Published, Publisher, Pages, Edition – if applicable.

Book with an editor

Structure/template

Surname editor Initial(s), editor. Book title. Edition – if available. Place: Publisher; Year.

In a reference list

Fermann G, editor. International politics of climate change: key issues and critical actors. Oslo: Scandinavian University Press; 1997.

In text

(4)

In EndNote

Add as “Edited Book”.

Fill out the fields: Editor (use “enter” between each editor if more than one), Year, Title, Place Published, Publisher, Edition – if applicable.

Journal articles

Structure/template

Surname Initial(s). Article title. Title of journal with standard abbreviation. Date of publication;Volume(number):Pages.

In a reference list

Kwan I, Mapstone J. Visibility aids for pedestrians and cyclists: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials. Accid Anal Prev. 2004;36(3):305-12.

In text

(5)

In EndNote

Article from a printed journal: Add as “Journal Article”.

Fill out the fields: Author (use “enter” between each author if more than one), Year, Title, Journal, Volume, Issue, Pages.

Article retrieved from the Internet: Add as “Electronic Article”.

Fill out the fields: Author (use “enter” between each author if more than one), Year, Title, Periodical Title, Volume, Issue, Pages, Year Cited, Date Cited, URL.

Conference papers

Structure/template

Surname author Initial(s). Title of paper. In: Surname editor Initial(s), editor. Title of the conference. Place: Publisher; Year. Pages.

In a reference list

Nørvåg K. Space-efficient support for temporal text indexing in a document archive context. In: Koch T, Sølvberg I, editors. Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries. 7th European Conference, ECDL 2003. Berlin: Springer; 2003. p. 511-22.

In text

(6)

In EndNote

Add as “Book Section”.

Fill out the fields: Author (use “enter” between each author if more than one), Year, Title, Editor (use “enter” between each editor if more than one), Book Title, Place Published, Publisher, Pages.

Newspaper articles

Structure/template

Surname Initial(s). Title of article. Title of newspaper. Date:Pages.

In a reference list

Ringen S. La ikke Erna Solberg rasere det lokale folkestyre. Aftenposten. 2004 Mar 25:10.

In text

(7)

In EndNote

Add as “Newspaper article”.

Fill out the fields: Reporter, Year, Title, Newspaper, Issue Date. (Adaption: Use the Issue Date field for: Date:Pages)

Dissertation and bachelor-/master thesis

Structure/template

Surname Initial(s). Title of dissertation or thesis [type of dissertation/thesis]. Place: Publisher; Year.

In a reference list

Hasund IK. The discourse markers like in English and liksom in Norwegian teenage language : A corpus-based, cross-linguistic study [dissertation]. Bergen: University of Bergen; 2003.

In text

 (8)

In EndNote

Add as “Thesis”.

Fill out the fields: Author (use “enter” between each author if more than one), Year, Title, Place Published, University, Thesis Type.

Public Information (NOU)

Structure/template

NOU Year: number. Title. Place: Publisher; Year.

In a reference list

NOU 2010: 13. Arbeid for helse: Sykefravær og utstøting i helse- og omsorgssektoren. Oslo: Departementenes servicesenter, Informasjonsforvaltning; 2010.

In text

(9)

In EndNote

Add as “Government Document”.

Fill out the fields: Author (add NOU year: number as author with a comma at the end), Year, Title, Place Published, Publisher.

Public Information (White papers)

Structure/template

Designation number (session). Title. Place: Publisher; Year.

In a reference list

Meld. St. 29 (2012-2013). Morgendagens omsorg. Oslo: Helse- og omsorgsdepartementet; 2013.

In text

(10)

In EndNote

Add as “Government Document”.

Fill out the fields: Author (add designation number (session) as author with a comma at the end), Year, Title, Place Published, Publisher.

Law

Structure/template

Title. Place: Publisher; Year.

In a reference list

Lov av 12. mai 1961 nr. 2 om opphavsrett til åndsverk m.v. Oslo: Kulturdepartementet; 1961.

In text

(11)

In EndNote

Retrieved from printed sources: Add as “Government Document”.

Fill out the fields: Year, Title, Place Published, Publisher.

Retrieved from the Internet: Add as “Web Page”.

Standard

Structure/template

Organization. Standard No. Title of the standard [Internet]. Place: Publisher; Year [cited date]. Available from: http://

In a reference list

International Organization for Standardization. ISO Standard No. 10821. Industrial sewing machines — Safety requirements for sewing machines, units and systems [Internet]. Geneva: ISO; 2005 [cited 2015 May 20]. Available from: http://www.standard.no/no/Nettbutikk/produktkatalogen/Produktpresentasjon/?ProductID=113554

In text

(12)

In EndNote

Add as “Web Page”.

Fill out the fields: Author (with a comma after the name of the organization), Year, Title, Place Published, Publisher, Type of Medium, Year Cited, Date Cited, URL.

Report

Structure/template

Surname Initial(s). Title of the report. Place: Publisher; Date of publication. Report No.
Surname Initial(s). Title of the report [Internet]. Place: Publisher; Date of publication [cited date]. Report No. Available from: http://

In a reference list

Holm A. Nye standarder i gamle bygg. Oslo: By- og regionforskningsinstituttet NIBR; 2016. NIBR-rapport 2016:14.

In text

(13)

In EndNote

Printed report: Add as “Report”.

Fill out the fields: Author, Year, Title, Place Published, Institution, Report Number.

Retrieved from the Internet: Add as “Web Page”.

Fill out the fields: Author, Year, Title, Place Published, Publisher, Type of Medium, Year Cited, Date Cited, URL. (Adaption: Use the Title field for: Title. Report No.)

Web page

Structure/template

Surname Initial(s). Title [Internet]. Place: Publisher; Date of publication [updated date; cited date]. Available from: http:// . . .

In a reference list

Kapperud G. Utbruddsveilederen [Internet]. Oslo: Folkehelseinstituttet; 2016 [cited 2016 Jun 30]. Available from: https://www.fhi.no/nettpub/utbruddsveilederen/

In text

(14)

In EndNote

Add as “Web Page”.

Fill out the fields: Author (use “enter” between each author if more than one), Year, Title, Place Published, Publisher, Last Update Date, Type of Medium, Year Cited, Date Cited, URL.

Web page with organization as author

Structure/template

Organization or Institution. Title [Internet]. Place: Publisher; Date of publication [updated date; cited date]. Available from: http://...

In a reference list

Mattilsynet. Lokalmat [Internet]. Brumunddal: Mattilsynet; 2015 Mar 3 [updated 2017 Jun 14; cited 2017 Jun 30]. Available from: https://www.mattilsynet.no/mat_og_vann/produksjon_av_mat/Lokalmat/

In text

(15)

In EndNote

Add as “Web Page”.

Fill out the fields: Author (with a comma after the name of the organization or institution), Year, Title, Place Published, Publisher, Last Update Date, Type of Medium, Year Cited, Date Cited, URL.

Web page without an identified author

Structure/template

Title [Internet]. Place: Publisher; Date of publication [updated date; cited date]. Available from: http://...

In a reference list

eatright.org [Internet]. Chicago: Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics; c2017 [cited 2017 May 27]. Available from: http://www.eatright.org/

In text

(16)

In EndNote

Add as “Web Page”.

Fill out the fields: Year, Title, Place Published, Publisher, Last Update Date, Type of Medium, Year Cited, Date Cited, URL.

Encyclopedia

Entry (article) with an identified author: See example book chapter.

Structure/template

Entry (article) without an identified author:

Surname Initial(s). Title of the encyclopedia. Edition – if available. Place: Publisher; Year. Title of the entry; pages.
Surname Initial(s). Title of the encyclopedia [Internet]. Edition – if available. Place: Publisher; Year. Title of the entry; [cited date]; pages. Available from: http://...

In a reference list

Dorland's illustrated medical dictionary. 32nd ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier; 2012. Filamin; p. 675.   
Dorland’s illustrated medical dictionary [Internet]. 32nd ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier; 2012. Acanthocyte; [cited 2013 May 18]; p. 9. Available from: http://...

In text

(17)

In EndNote

Printed encyclopedia: Add as "Dictionary".

Fill out the fields: Year, Title, Dictionary Title, Place Published, Publisher, Pages, Edition - if applicable.

Online encyclopedia: Add as "Web Page".

Fill out the fields: Year, Title, Place Published, Publisher, Type of Medium, Edition - if applicable. Year Cited, Date Cited, URL. (Adaption: Use the Year field for: Year. Title of the entry; pages) 

Blog post

Structure/template

Surname Initial(s). Title of the blog [Internet]. Place: Publisher. Date of publication. Title of the blog post; Date of publication of blog post [cited date]. Available from: http://...

In a reference list

Chaffey P. Chaffeys blogg [Internet]. Snarøya: Paul Chaffey. 2008 - . Flere kommuner sier ja; 2016 Nov 24 [cited 2017 May 10]. Available from: https://paulchaffey.blogspot.no/2016/11/flere-kommuner-sier-ja.html

In text

(18)

In EndNote

Add as "Blog".

Fill out the fields: Author, Year, Title of WebLog, Place Published, Publisher, Access Year, Access Date, URL. (Adaption: Use the Year field for: Date of publication. Title of the blog post; Date of publication of blog post)

Examples of reference list in Vancouver style

1. Dybvig DD, Dybvig M. Det tenkende mennesket. Filosofi- og vitenskapshistorie med vitenskapsteori. 2nd ed. Trondheim: Tapir akademisk forlag; 2003.

2. Beizer JL, Timiras ML. Pharmacology and drug management in the elderly. In: Timiras PS, editor. Physiological basis of aging and geriatrics. 2nd ed. Boca Raton: CRC Press; 1994. p. 279-84.

3. Kwan I, Mapstone J. Visibility aids for pedestrians and cyclists: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials. Accid Anal Prev. 2004;36(3):305-12. 

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