1 Grammar

1 Grammar


WORD ORDER

Main clauses (sentences)

A Norwegian sentence must always have a verb and a subject. The subject is the person or thing carrying out the action in the sentence.

The normal word order in a main clause is:

subject – verb – rest of the sentence
Jeg heter Alex.  I am called Alex.
Jeg kommer fra Frankrike.  I come from France.


Questions

In questions with question words the verb is also the second element:

Hva heter du?  What is your name?


In questions without a question word the sentence starts with the verb:

Er du norsk?  Are you Norwegian?

QUESTION WORDS

The most common question words are:

hva what
hvem who
hvor where (how)
hvordan how
 
Hva heter du? What is your name?
Hvem er det? Who is it?
Hvor bor du? Where do you live?
Hvordan går det?  How are you?


The question word hvor is used for how when we ask about a size or a quantity.

Hvor gammel er du?  How old are you?

NATIONALITIES


Country
Nationality
(adjective)

Person

Language
Norge norsk en nordmann norsk
England engelsk en engelskmann  engelsk
Frankrike fransk en franskmann fransk
Italia italiensk en italiener italiensk
Nederland  nederlandsk  en nederlender nederlandsk
Polen polsk en polakk polsk
Spania spansk en spanjol spansk
USA amerikansk en amerikaner (amerikansk) engelsk
Tyskland tysk en tysker tysk