7 Grammar

7 Grammar


Possessive pronouns

The possessive pronouns give information about ownership.

If the owner is jeg (I), you indicate possession by using either min, mi or mitt dependent on the gender of the «owned» noun. If the «owned» noun is in plural, you choose mine:

Faren min er lærer. My father is a teacher.
Mora mi er også lærer. My mother is also a teacher.
Huset mitt er gammelt. My house is old.
Bøkene mine ligger i sekken. My books are in the bag.

The possessives din (your/yours) and vår (our/ours) also agree in number and gender with the noun while hans (his), hennes (her/hers) and deres (their/theirs) are invariable.

Owner Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
I faren min
my father
mora mi
my mother
huset mitt
my house
bøkene mine
my books
you faren din
your father
mora di
your mother
huset ditt
your house
bøkene dine
your books
he faren hans
his father
mora hans
his mother
huset hans
his house
bøkene hans
his books
she faren hennes
her father
mora hennes
her mother
huset hennes
her house
bøkene hennes
her books
we faren vår
our father
mora vår
our mother
huset vårt
our house
bøkene våre
our books
you faren deres
your father
mora deres
your mother
huset deres
your house
bøkene deres
your books
they faren deres
their father
mora deres
their mother
huset deres
their house
bøkene deres
their books


In Norwegian, the possessive pronouns can be placed either after the «owned object», like in the table above, or in front of the «owned object»: faren min or min far.

Note that the noun takes the definite form in the first case while it takes the indefinite form in the latter:

faren min  but min far
mora di  but di mor
huset hennes but hennes hus
bøkene våre but våre bøker
faren deres  but deres far

Subordinating conjunctions

Som = who/which/(that)

Who/which/(that) - which mostly refers to a noun in front - is simply som in Norwegian, regardless of whether it is referring to people, animals or objects:

Jeg har en bror. Han er 30 år gammel.
I have a brother. He is 30 years old.
Jeg har en bror som er 30 år gammel.
I have a brother who is 30 years old.
Jeg har en katt. Den er søt.
I have a cat. It is cute.
Jeg har en katt som er søt.
I have a cat which is cute.
Jeg har en bil. Den er ny.
I have a car. It is new.
Jeg har en bil som er ny.
I have a car which is new.

Da - når = when

Both da and når mean when.

We use da about a single happening or period of time in the past:

Jeg danset ballett da jeg var lita.
I used to dance ballet when I was little.

We use når for customary or repeated actions, even for repeated actions in the past:

Jeg liker å slappe av når jeg kommer hjem fra universitetet.
I like to relax when I come home from the university.
Jeg likte alltid å slappe av når jeg kom hjem fra universitetet.
I always liked to relax when I came home from the university.

We also use når for actions in the future:

Jeg skal ta eksamen når kurset er ferdig.
I will take the exam when the course is finished.