8 Pronunciation

8 Pronunciation

Reductions

In Chapter 4 you read about "silent letters", i.e. consonants that are written, but do not represent a sound. In some cases the vowel "e" is written, but not pronounced. If an /e/ occurs in an unstressed syllable between /t, d, n, l, s/ and /n/, the /e/ is not pronounced. The final /n/ constitues the second syllable and must be pronounced clearly. When you pronounce these words you go straight from /t, d, n, l, s/ in the end of one syllable to the /n/ of the next.

  Careful
pronunciation
Common
pronunciation
tretten /2treten/ thirteen /2tretn̩/
boden /1bu:den/ the storage room

/1bu:dn̩/

vinen /1vi:nen/ the wine

/1vi:nn̩/

bilen /1bi:len/ the car /1bi:ln̩/
bussen /1bʉsen/ the bus /1bʉsn̩/

This rule is for instance applied:

  • for numbers 13 – 19 (tretten, fjorten, femten, seksten, sytten, atten, nitten)
  • when masculine nouns ending in /t, d, n, l, s/ in basic form are put in singular definite form
en hatt hatten the hat
en bod boden the storage room
en vin vinen the wine
en bil bilen the car
en buss bussen the bus
  • all nouns in masculine, feminine and neuter form in plural definite form
en hatt hattene
en bod bodene
en vin vinene
en bil bilene
en buss bussene