8 Pronunciation

8 Pronunciation


In Chapter 4 you read about "silent letters", i.e. consonants that are written, but do not represent a sound. In some cases the vowel "e" is written, but not pronounced. If an /e/ occurs in an unstressed syllable between /t, d, n, l, s/ and /n/, the /e/ is not pronounced. The final /n/ constitues the second syllable and must be pronounced clearly. When you pronounce these words you go straight from /t, d, n, l, s/ in the end of one syllable to the /n/ of the next.

  Careful pronunciation Common pronunciation
tretten /2treten/ /2tretn̩/
boden /1bu:den/


vinen /1vi:nen/


bilen /1bi:len/ /1bi:ln̩/
bussen /1bʉsen/ /1bʉsn̩/

This rule is for instance applied:

  • for numbers 13 – 19 (tretten, fjorten, femten, seksten, sytten, atten, nitten)
  • when masculine nouns ending in /t, d, n, l, s/ in basic form are put in singular definite form
en hatt hatten
en bod boden
en vin vinen
en bil bilen
en buss bussen
  • all nouns in masculine, feminine and neuter form in plural definite form
en hatt hattene
en bod bodene
en vin vinene
en bil bilene
en buss bussene