4 Pronunciation

4 Pronunciation

Norwegian consonants

The Norwegian alphabet contains twenty consonant letters:

B C D F G H J K L M N P Q R S T V W X Z

The letters < c, q, w, x, z > are quite rare and mostly used in loanwords (camping, quiz, watt, xylofon, pizza).

Norwegian
letter

English reference
b  Like < b > in «buy» 
c  Before front vowels < i, e, y >  cf. /s/ in «circus» 
Before back vowels < a, o, u >  cf. /k/ in «camping» 
d  Like < d > in «dog» 
f  Like < f > in «fine» 
g  Like < g >  in «girl» 
h  Like < h > in «hat» 
j  Like < y > in «yes» 
k  Like < k > in «kite» 
l  Like < l > in «live» 
m  Like < m > in «map» 
n  Like < n > in «now» 
p  Like < p > in «pen» 
q  In Norwegian, < qu > is pronounced as /kv/, cf. «quiz» - /kvis/ 
r  Like Scottish «r». The tip of the tongue taps the alveolar ridge. 
s  Like < s > in «see» 
t  Like < t > in «tea» 
v  Like < v > in «violin» 
w  Like < v > in «violin» 
x  Like < x >  - /ks/ in «tax» 
z  Pronounced as /s/, cf. «zoom» - /su:m/ 

Silent letters

In Norwegian, several consonants may occur as so-called mute or silent letters; which means they are written, but not pronounced.
1) < d > is silent in < ld, nd, rd > and may be silent in the end of syllables after a vowel:

< kald >  /'kɑl/  cold 
< Trondheim >  /'tronheim/  Trondheim 
< bord >  /'buːr/  table 
< med >  /'meː/  with 

2) < g > is silent in < gj > and in adjectives ending in < ig >:

< gjøre >  /'jøːre/  do 
< hyggelig >  /'hygeli/  nice 

3) < h > is silent in < hj, hv >:

< hjelpe >  /'jelpe/  help 
< hvor >  /'vur/  where 

4) < t > is silent in definite form singular of neuter nouns:

< flyet >  /'flyːe/  the plane 

5) < t > is also silent in one important word, < det >:

< det >  /'deː/  it, that