8 Pronunciation

8 Pronunciation

Reductions

In Chapter 4 you read about «silent letters», i.e. consonants that are written, but do not represent a sound. In some cases the vowel «e» is written, but not pronounced. If an /e/ occurs in an unstressed syllable between /t, d, n, l, s/ and /n/, the /e/ is not pronounced. The final /n/ constitues the second syllable and must be pronounced clearly. When you pronounce these words you go straight from /t, d, n, l, s/ in the end of one syllable to the /n/ of the next.

Careful pronunciation Common pronunciation
tretten  /2treten/  thirteen  /2tretn̩/ 
boden /1bu:den/  the storage room  /1bu:dn̩/
vinen /1vi:nen/ the wine  /1vi:nn̩/
bilen  /1bi:len/  the car  /1bi:ln̩/ 
bussen  /1bʉsen/  the bus  /1bʉsn̩/ 

This rule is for instance applied:

  • for numbers 13 – 19 (tretten, fjorten, femten, seksten, sytten, atten, nitten)
  • when masculine nouns ending in /t, d, n, l, s/ in basic form are put in singular definite form
en hatt   →  hatte the hat 
en bod   →  bode the storage room 
en vin   →  vine the wine 
en bil   →  bile the car 
en buss 
 
 → 
 
busse
 
the bus 
 
  • all nouns in masculine, feminine and neuter form in plural definite form
en hatt   →  hattene 
en bod   →  bodene 
en vin   →  vinene 
en bil   →  bilene 
en buss   →  bussene