CBD in the news
NRK-program about Svalbard and extreme weather events
NRK will cover the article about Svalbard ecosystem recently publised in Science in a TV-program 7 February >>
Svalbard ecosystem attracts media
The study on climate events on Svalbard ecosystem recently published in Science has received interests among media.
Science Daily >>
Die Welt >>
Feature article about Darwin >>
Dr. Hanno Sandvik has written a feature article about Darwin and some of his political opinions in relation to his biological theories.
Concern about inbred island moose >>
Local managers raise concern about small island moose populations in northern Norway, which also are of interest to researchers at CCB.
Get a glimpse of the research at CCB >>
NRK has joined the house sparrow project in field, and learned how research at CCB addresses important questions related to environmental change.
The vision behind the Centre for Biodiversity Dynamics at NTNU is to develop an interdisciplinary centre for research into changes in time and space of biological diversity at different organismal levels.
CBD focuses on three primary research areas, in which we believe it is important to increase knowledge for the sustainable conservation of biodiversity in a changing world.
CBD includes researchers primarily from the following institutions:
• Department of Biology, NTNU
• NTNU University Museum
• Department of Mathematical Sciences, NTNU
• Norwegian Institute for Nature Research (NINA)
Erlend Fossen (01.09.2014)
Erlend will work with the highly suitable model organism Daphnia (waterfleas), which is representative for a wide range of key species in freshwater and marine food webs, and focus on one easily controlled environmental factor (temperature). He will study some target traits which may have effects on fitness that depend on both temperature and population density, and determine their potential for evolutionary changes. He will quantify how variation in temperature- and density-responses in these traits influences fitness across thermal regimes and population densities. The results obtained are expected to yield novel understanding of links between evolutionary and ecological responses to environmental change in general, and more specifically for temperature changes.
Varvara Iashchenko (26.08.2014)
Varvara Iashchenko started on 11-th of August as a research technician at the CBD, she will be working in the Dapnhia lab on the project "Eco-evolutionary dynamics of thermal reaction norms" funded by the Norwegian Research Council.
Varvara graduated in 2004 from the Saint-Petersburg State University with specialization on zoology of invertebrates and later worked on fresh-water symbiosis of alga and ciliates. She will be responsible for Daphnia pulex cultures, their maintenance and growth, establishing protocols for measurement experiments, helping researchers with routine tasks and methods.
Mathilde Le Moullec (22.06.2014)
CBD welcomes Mathilde Le Moullec, which on 1 August started her PhD position at CBD. The position is financed by the NT Faculty. Mathilde did her undergraduate studies in Lyon, Tromsø (UiT) and Svalbard (UNIS), with the following title of the MSc thesis: "Ungulate population monitoring in a tundra landscape: evaluating total counts and distance sampling accuracy".
Mathilde's PhD research will focus on how climatic variation and large-scale weather patterns influence the long-term dynamics of high Arctic terrestrial ecosystems and the interactions among their key components. Collaborators include Univ. Aberdeen, NPI and NINA. Supervisors at CBD/NTNU will be Brage Bremset Hansen and Bernt-Erik Sæther.
Håkon Holand gets his PhD-title (20-06-2014)
This Friday Håkon Holand defended his PhD-thesis entitled "The parasite Syngamus trachea in a metapopulation of house sparrows". Håkon first gave a trial lecture on the assigned topic "Pattern and process in spatio-temporal dynamics of parasite-host dynamics", before he discussed his work with the two opponents Professor Peter J. Hudson, Penn State University, US, and Professor Xavier Lambin, University of Aberdeen, UK. CBD contratulates Håkon with a well deserved degree.
CBD-member offered position at Department of Biology (19-06-2014)
Dr. Henrik Jensen was today offered the position as associate professor in population genetics at the Department of Biology, NTNU. Dr. Jensen has been a member of CBD for most of his research career. CBD congratulates with the great achievement.
Eirin Marie Bjørkvoll defended her PhD (06-06-2014)
After a trial lecture on the topic "Cost of reproduction and their influence on life-history evolution", and a public discussion of her thesis (Life-history variation and stochastic population dynamics in vertebrates) with the two opponents, prof. Jeffrey A. Hutchings, Dalhousie Unviersity, Canada, and dr. Michael Schaub, Swiss Ornithological Institute, Eirin Marie Bjørkvoll obtained her PhD today. CBD congratulates with a well deserved title.
Report from the Field (21-03-2014)
The winter's house sparrow fieldwork is well under way, and has been very successful so far. PhD student Ane Myhre and her fieldworkers are carrying out experiments to alter demographic stochasticity and effective population size in a set of natural populations. In another set of natural populations postdoc Bernt Rønning and his team of PhD-students, MSc-students and fieldworkers is doing large-scale experimental studies of basal metabolic rate.
Postdoc Marlène Gamelon (24-02-2014)
We welcome Marlène Gamelon to CBD!
Her research at CBD will be as follows: "Life history traits co-vary with each other, shaped by evolutionary trade-offs, at the individual scale leading to a large range of demographic tactics. Demographic tactics are thus variable among individuals, among populations but also among species. My main research activity seeks to understand the responses of species spanning a large range of life history tactics to variable environments. My research thus combines evolutionary demography, population dynamics and modelling. Key words: Demography, Evolution, Life history, Population dynamics, Wildlife".
CBD research in Smithsonian Magazine (24-02-2014)
The March issue of the Smithsonian Magazine features a longer article on Svalbard reindeer research and the REINCLIM project lead by CBD. This story also provides insights into the life in field in the High Arctic (read the article and see video clip online here : >>.
Course in Stochastic population models (16-12-2013)
The course "Stochastic population models" (ST2302) will be given by professor Steinar Engen during spring 2014. The course deals with different models for population growth, demographic and environmental stochasticity, effects of density and age-structure on population growth, harvesting models, sensitivity analyses and diffusion processes. For more information, see here >>
CBD-project gets funding from Norwegian Research Council (04-12-2013)
CBD is happy to announce that the project "Eco-evolutionary dynamics of thermal reaction norms" lead by professor Sigurd Einum was one of the 17 research projects that this year were funded by the Research Council of Norway through the FRIMEDBIO programme. The project will mainly focus on how metabolic rates of Daphnia are affected by environmental variation and population density, working both at ecological and evolutionary time scales and using a large number of experimental populations. The project will involve several people at CBD.
More news from CBD here >>.
The topic for the CBD-lunch today will be "Influence of life-history tactics on transient dynamics: a comparative analysis across mammalian populations" by dr. Marlène Gamelon.
Visitors at CBD
September 2-8: Prof. Otso Ovaskainen, University of Helsinki, Finland, will be visiting CBD this week.
December 17-19: Prof. Russ Lande visits CBD.
Recent publications from CBD
Holand, H., Jensen, H., Tufto, J., Soliman, M., Pärn, H., Sæther, B.-E. & Ringsby, T. H. 2014
Lower survival probability of house sparrows severely infected by the gapeworm parasite. Journal of Avian Biology 45 (4): 365-373 >>
Steinsland, I., Thorrud Larsen, C., Roulin, A. & Jensen, H. 2014
Quantitative genetic modeling and inference in the presence of non-ignorable missing data. Evolution 68 (6): 1735-1747 >>
Schielzeth H. & Husby, A. 2014
Challenges and prospects in genome wide QTL mapping of standing genetic variation in natural populations. The year in Evolutionary Biology. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1320: 35-57 >>
Husby, A. & Husby, M. 2014
Interspecific analysis of vehicle avoidance behaviour in European birds. Behavioural Ecology 25 (3): 504-508 >>
Baalsrud, H.T., Sæther, B.-E., Hagen, I.J., Myhre, A.M., Ringsby, T.H., Pärn, H. & Jensen, H. 2014
Effects of population characteristics and structure on estimates of effective population size in a house sparrow metapopulation. Molecular Ecology 23 (11): 2653-2668 >>
Westneat, D.F., Bókony, V., Burke, T., Chastel, O., Jensen, H., Kvalnes, T., Lendvai, A.Z., Liker, A., Mock, D., Schroeder, J., Schwagmeyer, P.L., Sorci, G. & Stewart, I.R.K. 2014
Multiple aspects of plasticity in clutch size vary among populations of a globally distributed songbird. Journal of Animal Ecology 83 (4): 876-887 >>
Robertsen, G., Armstrong, J.D., Nislow, K.H., Herfindal, I., McKelvey, S. & Einum, S. 2014
Spatial variation in the relationship between performance and metabolic rate in wild juvenile Atlantic salmon. Journal of Animal Ecology 83 (4): 791-799 >>
Pélabon, C., Firmat, C., Bolstad, G.H., Voje, K.L., Houle, D., Cassara, J., Le Rouzic, A. & Hansen, T.F. 2014
Evolution of morphological allometry. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1320: 58-75 >>
Armbruster, W.S., Pélabon, C., Bolstad, G.H. & Hansen, T.F. 2014
Integrated phenotypes: Understanding trait covariation in plants and animals. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B. 369 (1649): 20130245 >>
Firmat, C., Lozano-Fernández, I., Augusti, J., Bolstad, G.H., Cuenca-Bescos, G., Hansen, T.F. & Pélabon, C. 2014
Walk the line: 600,000 years of molar evolution constrained by the static allometry in the fossil rodent Miomys savini. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B. 369 (1649): 20130257 >>
Bolstad, G.H., Hansen, T.F., Pélabon, C., Falahati-Anbaran, M., Perez-Barrales, R. & Armbruster, W.S. 2014
Genetic constraints and evolutionary divergence in Dalechampia blossoms. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B. 369 (1649): 20130255 >>
Rosvold, J., Herfindal, I., Andersen, R. & Hufthammer, A.K. 2014
Long-term morphological changes in the skeleton of red deer (Artiodactyla, Cervidae) at its northern periphery. Journal of Mammalogy 92 (3): 626-637 >>
Engen, S. & Sæther, B.-E. 2014
Evolution in fluctuating environments: Decomposing selection into additive components of the Robertson-Price equation. Evolution 68 (3): 854-865 >>
Einum, S. 2014
Ecological modeling of metabolic rates predicts diverging optima across food abundances. The American Naturalist 183 (3): 410-417 >>
Eftestøl, S., Tsegaye, D., Herfindal, I., Flydal, K. & Colman, J.E. 2014
Measuring effects of linear obstacles on wildlife movements: accounting for the relationship between step length and crossing probability. European Journal of Wildlife Research 60 (2): 271–278 >>
Jensen, H., Szulkin, M. & Slate, J. 2014
Molecular quantitative genetics. In: Charmantier, A., Kruuk, L.E.B. & Garant, D. (eds) Quantitative genetics in the wild. Oxford University Press >>
Voje, K.L., Hansen, T.F., Egset, C.K., Bolstad, G.H. & Pélabon, C. 2014
Allometric constraints and the evolution of allometry. Evolution 68 (3): 866 - 885 >>