NEPAL

– PhD Study: Evaluating an intervention in antenatal care to identify and assist victims of domestic violence during pregnancy in Kathmandu, Nepal
  • PhD candidate: Poonam Rishal
  • Supervisory team: Berit Schei, Sunil Kumar Joshi, Katarina Swahnberg, Mirjam Lukasse
  • Quantitative component to: (i) assess the prevalence of and risk factors for domestic violence among women attending antenatal care at Kathmandu Medical College; and to (ii) implement and assess an intervention to increase the use of safety behaviours by pregnant women experiencing domestic violence.  Study instruments for quantitative work: questionnaire including Abuse Assessment Screen (AAS) in addition to other scales, administered via a colour-coded audio computer-assisted self-interview (C-ACASI) technique; McFarlane & Parker's Safety Behaviour Checklist (1994).
  • Qualitative component to explore how victims of domestic violence evaluate the antenatal care they received.  Study setting:  Kathmandu Medical Colleague (quantitative), Women's Rehabilitation Center (WOREC) safe houses in Kathmandu region (qualitative).
– PhD study: "Perceptions on domestic violence among community members, emotional well-being, birth preparedness and complication readiness among pregnant women in Dhulikhel, Nepal"
  • PhD candidate: Kunta Devi Pun
  • Supervisory team: Elisabeth Darj, Rajendra Koju, Jennifer Infanti
  • Quantitative component to: (i) assess the prevalence of domestic violence among women attending antenatal care clinics at Dhulikhel Hospital, and (ii) explore associations between the experience of domestic violence and emotional well-being and birth preparedness and complication readiness. Study instruments for quantitative work: AAS (via C-ACASI), HSCL-5, JHPIEGO BP-CR.
  • Qualitative component to explore community perceptions on domestic violence and violence against women during pregnancy, including men's (partner's) views.  Study setting: Dhulikhel Hospital-Kathmandu University Hospital (quantitative), Dhulikhel municipality (qualitative).
– Policy study: "How gender based violence is integrated into the Nepali health systems: A policy analysis"
  • Research lead: Manuela Colombini
  • Co-researchers/advisors: Susannah Mayhew, Charlotte Watts, Sunil Kumar Joshi, Meera Bista (Research Assistant)
  • Qualitative policy analysis study to understand the factors influencing the development of Nepal's health response to intimate partner violence in order to inform other countries wishing to pursue a similar policy response.  Methods: document analysis & in-depth interviews with key informants, health policy-makers, health managers and health providers.  Study setting: desk-based document analysis from London, and qualitative interviews in Kathmandu area.

SRI LANKA

– MD study: "Prevalence, risk and resilience factors related to abuse of pregnant women and outcomes of pregnancy in abused women compared to non-abused women in estate sectors of Badulla district in Sri Lanka"
  • MD candidate: Mohamed Munas Mohamed Muzrif
  • Supervisory team: Kumudu Wijewardene, Ragnhild Lund
  • Quantitative component on prevalence and consequences of violence against pregnant women, including sub-analyses on factors promoting risk and resilience, and pregnancy outcomes for abused vs. non-abused women. Study instruments for quantitative work: AAS + WHO.
  • Qualitative component on the availability and acceptability of support services for abused women, and womens' and midwives' experiences/views on domestic violence.  Study setting: estate sectors of Badulla district.
– MD study: "Adverse experiences in health care and gender based violence among antenatal women in the district of Colombo in Sri Lanka"
  • MD candidate: Dinusha Chamanie Perera
  • Supervisory team: Kumudu Wijewardene, Berit Schei
  • Quantitative component on prevalence and consequences of violence against pregnant women, including abuse perpetrated by health care workers in antenatal care settings. Study instruments for quantitative work: AAS + NorAQ questions on abuse in health care system.
  • Qualitative component on the knowledge, attitudes and practices of pregnant women and public health midwives regarding existing support services for abused women.  Study setting:  Colombo district field maternal and child health services facilities.
– Postdoctoral study: "Mind the gap: The role of public health midwives in bridging health and social services for pregnant women in violent relationships in the estate sector of Badulla district, Sri Lanka"
  • Research team: Jennifer Infanti, Ragnhild Lund, Kumudu Wijewardene
  • Qualitative study on the availability and quality of health and social services for women experiencing domestic violence. Methods: (i) observation & focus group discussions with midwives; (ii) in-depth case elaboration (via life story interviews) of pregnant women's experiences of living with domestic violence. Study setting: estate sectors of Badulla district.