NEPAL

– PhD Study: Domestic Violence and Pregnancy in Nepal: Developing and Evaluating Interventions in Antenatal Care to Improve the Safety of Women
  • PhD candidate: Poonam Rishal
  • Supervisory team: Mirjam Lukasse (lead), Sunil Kumar Joshi, Katarina Swahnberg, Johan Håkon Bjørngaard and Berit Schei
  • Quantitative studies: (i) to assess the prevalence of and factors associated with domestic violence among women attending routine antenatal care at two hospitals in Nepal; and (ii) to implement and assess an intervention to increase the use of safety behaviours by pregnant women experiencing domestic violence.  Study instruments: questionnaire including Abuse Assessment Screen (AAS) in addition to other scales, administered via a colour-coded audio computer-assisted self-interview (C-ACASI) technique; MacFarlane & Parker's Safety Behaviour Checklist (1994).
  • Qualitative study to explore how women who had prior experinece of domestic violence evaluated the antenatal care they received.
  • Abstract of PhD thesis available here. Published journal articles: prevalence study, qualitative study, safety intervention study currently submitted for review.
– PhD study: Domestic Violence and Pregnancy in Nepal – Perceptions, Prevalence, Birth Preparedness and Perinatal Outcomes
  • PhD candidate: Kunta Devi Pun
  • Supervisory team: Elisabeth Darj (lead), Jennifer Infanti, Rajendra Koju
  • Quantitative studies: (i) to assess the prevalence and factors associated with domestic violence among women attending routine antenatal care at two hospitals in Nepal, and (ii) to explore associations between the experience of domestic violence, emotional well-being and birth preparedness and complication readiness. Study instruments: AAS (via C-ACASI), HSCL-5, JHPIEGO BP-CR.
  • Qualitative study to explore community perceptions on domestic violence and violence against women during pregnancy, including men's (partner's) views.
  • Abstract of PhD thesis available here. Published journal articles: prevalence study, qualitative study, birth preparedness study.
– Policy study: Agenda setting and framing of gender-based violence in Nepal: How it became a health issue
  • Research lead: Manuela Colombini
  • Co-researchers/advisors: Susannah Mayhew, Ben Hawkins, Meera Bista (Research Assistant), Sunil Kumar Joshi, Berit Schie, and Charlotte Watts
  • The study draws on the concepts of agenda setting and framing to analyze the historical processes by which gender-based violence became legitimized as a health policy issue in Nepal, exploring the factors that facilitated and constrained the opening and closing of windows of opportunity. The results are based on a document analysis of the policy and regulatory framework around gender-based analysis in Nepal. A content analysis was undertaken.
  • Published journal article available here.

SRI LANKA

– MD study: Prevalence and Correlates of Gender-Based Violence in Pregnant Women and Outcome of Pregnancy in Abused Women in Estate Sectors of Badulla District
  • MD candidate: Mohamed Munas Mohamed Muzrif
  • Supervisory team: Kumudu Wijewardene (lead) and Ragnhild Lund
  • Quantitative studies on prevalence and consequences of violence against pregnant women, including sub-analyses on factors promoting risk and resilience, and pregnancy outcomes for abused vs. non-abused women. Study instruments: AAS + WHO.
  • Qualitative study on the services available for abused women, victim’s views and caregiver’s views on abuse in Sri Lanka's tea estate sectors.
  • Study setting: estate sectors of Badulla district.
  • Published journal articles: cross-sectional study on domestic violence here, qualitative study on the roles of public health midwives in addressing domestic violence here.
– MD study: Prevalence and Correlates of Adverse Experiences in Health Care among Antenatal Women in the District of Colombo, Sri Lanka
  • MD candidate: Dinusha Chamanie Perera
  • Supervisory team: Kumudu Wijewardene (lead), Berit Schei and Katarina Swahnberg
  • Quantitative study on prevalence and consequences of violence against pregnant women, including abuse perpetrated by health care workers in antenatal care settings. Study instruments: AAS + NorAQ questions on abuse in health care system.
  • Qualitative study on women's adverse experiences in antenatal care and childbirth settings.
  • Study setting: Colombo district central and field maternal and child health services facilities.
  • Published journal articles: cross-sectional study on domestic violence here, qualitative study on obstetric violence here
– Policy study: Factors shaping political priorities for violence against women – Mitigation policies in Sri Lanka
  • Research lead: Manuela Colombini
  • Co-authors: Susannah Mayhew, Ragnhild Lund, Navpreet Singh, Katarina Swahnberg, Jennifer J. Infanti, Berit Schei, and Kumudu Wijewardene
  • Violence against women (VAW) is a recognized global public health issue but VAW is often unrecognized in legal and health policy documents. This study uses Sri Lanka as a case to explore the factors influencing the national policy response to VAW, particularly by the health sector. A document-based health policy analysis was conducted to examine policy responses to VAW in Sri Lanka using the Shiffman and Smith (2007) policy analysis framework.
  • Published journal article available here.