Background and activities
Eikemo’s research is concerned with one of the fundamental questions of life: why do some people live longer and healthier lives than others? The main focus has been to explain differences in mental and physical health, chronic diseases and mortality within and between countries in several regions of the world. In particular, he has examined the contribution of welfare policies, social, economic and material factors, life style factors (such as smoking, alcohol, physical activity and diet), childhood conditions, working conditions, unemployment, housing conditions and health care.
Eikemo has led several European health projects and is currently coordinating the health module of the European Social Survey. Eikemo was awarded the scientific prize for young excellent researchers in the Humanities for 2009 by The Royal Norwegian Society of Sciences and Letters (Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskab) and the SINTEF prize for outstanding research in 2010. More recently, he was enrolled into NTNUs Outstanding Academic Fellows Programme (NTNUs Stjerneprogram).
Scientific, academic and artistic work
Displaying a selection of activities. See all publications in the database
- (2015) An institutional theory of welfare state effects on the distribution of population health. Social Theory & Health. vol. 13.
- (2015) Who knows the risk? A multilevel study of systematic variations in work-related safety knowledge in the European workforce. Occupational and Environmental Medicine. vol. 72 (8).
- (2015) Obesity and the potential reduction of inequalities in all-cause and cause-specific mortality: Evidence from 21 European populations. European Journal of Public Health. vol. 25 (5).
- (2015) Selvrapportert helse og dødelighet i ulike yrkesklasser og inntektsgrupper i Nord-Trøndelag :. Tidsskrift for Den norske legeforening. vol. 135 (5).
- (2015) Variations in the relation between education and cause-specific mortality in 19 European populations: A test of the “fundamental causes” theory of social inequalities in health. Social Science and Medicine. vol. 127.
- (2015) Trends in inequalities in premature mortality: a study of 3.2 million deaths in 13 European countries. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. vol. 69 (3).
- (2015) Risk and resilience: Health inequalities, working conditions and sickness benefit arrangements: An analysis of the 2010 European Working Conditions survey. Sociology of Health and Illnes. vol. 37 (8).
- (2015) Educational inequalities in diabetes mortality across Europe in the 2000s: the interaction with gender. International Journal of Public Health. vol. 60 (4).
- (2014) Work, Health, and Welfare: The Association between Working Conditions, Welfare States, and Self-Reported General Health in Europe. International Journal of Health Services. vol. 44 (1).
- (2014) How Can Inequalities in Mortality Be Reduced? A Quantitative Analysis of 6 Risk Factors in 21 European Populations. PLoS ONE. vol. 9 (11).
- (2014) Why does Spain have smaller inequalities in mortality? An exploration of potential explanations. European Journal of Public Health. vol. 24 (3).
- (2014) Educational inequalities in mortality by cause of death: first national data for the Netherlands. International Journal of Public Health. vol. 59 (5).
- (2014) Assessing the potential impact of increased participation in higher education on mortality: Evidence from 21 European populations. Social Science and Medicine. vol. 117.
- (2014) Socioeconomic differences in the use of ill-defined causes of death in 16 European countries. BMC Public Health. vol. 14 (1295).
- (2014) Does the pattern of socioeconomic inequalities in smoking in Western Europe depend on the choice of survey?. International Journal of Public Health. vol. 59 (4).
- (2014) A balancing act? Work-life balance, health and well-being in European welfare states. European Journal of Public Health. vol. 24 (3).
- (2014) The potential for reducing differences in life expectancy between educational groups in five European countries: the effects of obesity, physical inactivity and smoking. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. vol. 68 (7).
- (2014) All Part of the Job? The contribution of the Psychosocial and Physical Work Environment to Health Inequalities in Europe and the European Health Divide. International Journal of Health Services. vol. 44 (2).
- (2014) Occupational class inequalities in all-cause and cause-specific mortality among middle-aged men in 14 European populations during the early 2000s. PLoS ONE. vol. 9 (9).
- (2014) Keeping it in the family: the self-rated health of lone mothers in different European welfare regimes. Sociology of Health and Illnes. vol. 36 (8).
- (2013) Educational inequalities in mortality in Northern, Mid and Southern Italy and the contribution of smoking. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. vol. 67 (7).
- (2013) The potential impact of a social redistribution of specific risk factors on socioeconomic inequalities in mortality - illustration of a method based on Population Attributable Fractions. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. vol. 67 (1).
- (2013) Educational inequities in three smoking-related causes of death in 18 European countries. Nicotine & tobacco research. vol. 16 (5).
- (2013) Smoking and the potential for reduction of inequalities in mortality in Europe. European Journal of Epidemiology. vol. 28 (12).
- (2013) Educational inequalities in general and mental health: differential contribution of physical activity, smoking, alcohol consumption and diet. European Journal of Public Health. vol. 23 (2).
- (2013) Educational differences in disability-free life expectancy: a comparative study of long-standing activity limitation in eight European countries. Social science & medicine. vol. 94 (1).
- (2012) Regional Disparities in Incidence, Handling and Outcomes of Patients with Symptomatic and Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms in Norway. European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery. vol. 44 (3).
- (2012) Are there educational differences in the association between self-rated health and mortality in Norway? The HUNT Study. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. vol. 40 (7).
- (2011) The association between cycling to school and being overweight in Rotterdam (The Netherlands) and Kristiansand (Norway). Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. vol. 21 (1).
- (2010) Welfare state regimes and population health: Integrating the East Asian welfare states. Health Policy. vol. 94 (1).
- (2010) Welfare State Regime Life Courses: The Development of Western European Welfare State Regimes and Age-Related Patterns of Educational Inequalities in Self-Reported Health. International Journal of Health Services. vol. 40 (3).
- (2010) The European Social Survey (ESS) and comparative health research. Salute e Società.
- (2010) Educational health inequalities in former Yugoslavia: Evidence from the South-East European social survey project. European Journal of Public Health. vol. 20 (6).
- (2010) Education and self-reported health care seeking behaviour in European welfare regimes: results from the European Social Survey. International Journal of Public Health. vol. 55 (3).
- (2010) Healthy and unhealthy eating at lower secondary school in Norway. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. vol. 38.
- (2010) Income-related health inequalities in the Nordic countries: Examining the role of education, occupational class, and age. Social Science and Medicine. vol. 71 (11).
- (2010) Aspects of student housing satisfaction: a quantitative study. Journal of Housing and the Built Environment. vol. 25 (3).
- (2009) Welfare state regimes, unemployment and health: a comparative study of the relationship between unemployment and self-reported health in 23 European countries. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. vol. 63 (2).
- (2009) Variations in relative health inequalities: are they a mathematical artefact?. International Journal for Equity in Health. vol. 8.
- (2009) Causality, social selectivity or artefacts ? Why socioeconomic inequalities in health are not smallest in the Nordic countries. European Journal of Public Health. vol. 19 (5).
- (2008) The welfare state: a glossary for public health. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. vol. 62.
- (2008) Welfare state regimes and differences in self-perceived health in Europe: A multilevel analysis. Social Science and Medicine. vol. 66 (11).
- (2008) Health inequalities according to educational level in different welfare regimes: a comparison of 23 European countries. Sociology of Health and Illnes. vol. 30 (4).
- (2008) Class related health inequalities are not larger in the East: A comparison of 4 European regions using the new European Socio-Economic Classification. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. vol. 62.
- (2008) Welfare State Regimes and Income Related Health Inequalities: A Comparison of 23 European Countries. European Journal of Public Health. vol. 18 (6).
- (2012) Kvantitativ analyse med SPSS : en praktisk innføring i kvantitative analyseteknikker. Tapir Akademisk Forlag. 2012. ISBN 9788251927123.
Part of book/report
- (2014) Welfare state regime life-courses: The development of Western European welfare state regimes and age-related patterns of educational inequalities in self-reported health. The financial and economic crises and their impact on health and social well-being.
- (2012) Health and Happiness in a European Comparison. The Aftermath of War: Experiences and Social Attitudes in the Western Balkans.
- (2012) Socioeconomic Inequalities in Health in the Western Balkans. The Aftermath of War: Experiences and Social Attitudes in the Western Balkans.
- (2011) Sosiale ulikheter i helse. Folkehelsearbeid.
- (2008) Health and happiness. Nordic Social Attitudes in a European Perspective.