Background and activities

Studied Discrete Mathematics at Eindhoven University of Technology in the Netherlands (MSc 1990, PhD 1994). Worked 10 years at the Netherlands National Communication Security Agency (NLNCSA) as a senior policy member in the area of crypto with a focus on public key crypto and random number generation.

Started 7/2005 as a PostDoc at the Norwegian Information Security Laboratory (NISlab) at Gjøvik University College in a project "Authentication in a Health Service Environment". As of 7/2008 I was appointed as Associate Professor at NISlab and specialized in authentication and more specifically biometrics. 

My main research interest is in behavioural biometrics with many papers on Gait Recognition (recognizing a person by his/her walking style), Keystroke Dynamics (recognizing a person by his/her typing style), and Continuous Authentication (making sure that the person that is using a device is the same as the person that logged on to that device, so detecting a change of user). From 9/2012 I have a full professor position at NISlab. I was also head of NISlab in the period from 7/2009 till 6/2012.

Currently working on the "Chatroom Security" project where the goal is to detect people with fake profiles and child predators based on their typing and stylometric behaviour. 

Scientific, academic and artistic work

Displaying a selection of activities. See all publications in the database

2017

2016

  • Liu, Xinwei; Pedersen, Marius; Charrier, Christophe; Alaya Cheikh, Faouzi; Bours, Patrick. (2016) An improved 3-step contactless fingerprint image enhancement approach for minutiae detection. 2016 6th European Workshop on Visual Information Processing (EUVIP).
  • Liu, Xinwei; Pedersen, Marius; Charrier, Christophe; Bours, Patrick; Busch, Christoph. (2016) The influence of fingerprint image degradations on the performance of biometric system and quality assessment. Lecture Notes in Informatics. vol. P-260.
  • Mondal, Soumik; Bours, Patrick. (2016) Combining Keystroke and Mouse Dynamics for Continuous User Authentication and Identification. 2016 IEEE International Conference on Identity, Security and Behavior Analysis (ISBA).
  • Pleva, Matus; Bours, Patrick; Hladek, Daniel; Juhár, Jozef. (2016) Using current biometrics technologies for authentication in e-learning assessment. 2016 International Conference on Emerging eLearning Technologies and Applications (ICETA).
  • Pleva, Matus; Kiktova, Eva; Viszlay, Peter; Bours, Patrick. (2016) Acoustical keystroke analysis for user identification and authentication. 2016 26th International Conference Radioelektronika (RADIOELEKTRONIKA).

2015

  • Albahbooh, Nabeel Ali; Bours, Patrick. (2015) A Mobile Phone Device as a Biometrics Authentication Method for an ATM Terminal. PROCEEDINGS: The 15th IEEE International Conference on Computer and Information Technology (CIT 2015); The 14th IEEE International Conference on Ubiquitous Computing and Communications (IUCC 2015); The 13th IEEE International Conference on Dependable, Autonomic and Secure Computing (DASC 2015); The 13th IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Intelligence and Computing (PICom 2015) — CIT/IUCC/DASC/PICom 2015 — ; 26–28 October 2015, Liverpool, United Kingdom.
  • Bours, Patrick; Kiktova, Eva; Pleva, Matus. (2015) Static Audio Keystroke Dynamics. Multimedia Communications, Services and Security 8th International Conference, MCSS 2015, Kraków, Poland, November 24, 2015. Proceedings.
  • Bours, Patrick; Mondal, Soumik. (2015) Continuous Authentication with Keystroke Dynamics. Recent Advances in User Authentication Using Keystroke Dynamics Biometrics.
  • Bours, Patrick; Mondal, Soumik. (2015) Performance evaluation of continuous authentication systems. IET Biometrics. vol. 4 (4).
  • Idrus, Syed Zulkarnain Syed; Cherrier, Estelle; Rosenberger, Christophe; Mondal, Soumik; Bours, Patrick. (2015) Keystroke Dynamics Performance Enhancement With Soft Biometrics. 2015 IEEE International Conference on Identity, Security and Behavior Analysis (ISBA); 23 - 25 March 2015, Hong Kong.
  • Iorliam, Aamo; Ho, Anthony T.S.; Poh, Norman; Tirunagari, Santosh; Bours, Patrick. (2015) Data forensic techniques using Benford's law and Zipf's law for keystroke dynamics. 3rd International Workshop on Biometrics and Forensics (IWBF2015);3‐4th March 2015, Gjøvik, Norway.
  • Monaco, John V.; Perez, Gonzalo; Tappert, Charles C.; Bours, Patrick; Mondal, Soumik; Rajkumar, Sudalai; Morales, Aythami; Fierrez, Julian; Ortega-Garcia, Javier. (2015) One-handed Keystroke Biometric Identification Competition. The 8th IAPR International Conference on Biometrics, ICB; May 19-22 2015, Phuket, Thailand.
  • Mondal, Soumik; Bours, Patrick. (2015) A Computational Approach to the Continuous Authentication Biometric System. Information Sciences. vol. 304.
  • Mondal, Soumik; Bours, Patrick. (2015) Context independent continuous authentication using behavioural biometrics. 2015 IEEE International Conference on Identity, Security and Behavior Analysis (ISBA); 23 - 25 March 2015, Hong Kong.
  • Mondal, Soumik; Bours, Patrick. (2015) Continuous Authentication in a Real World Settings. ICAPR 2015, The Eighth International Conference on Advances in Pattern Recognition; January 4-7 2015; Kolkata, India.
  • Mondal, Soumik; Bours, Patrick. (2015) Continuous authentication and identification for mobile devices: Combining security and forensics. 2015 IEEE International Workshop on Information Forensics and Security (WIFS).
  • Mondal, Soumik; Bours, Patrick. (2015) Does Context matter for the Performance of Continuous Authentication Biometric Systems? An Empirical Study on Mobile Device. BIOSIG 2015: Proceedings of the 14th International Conference of the Biometrics Special Interest Group.
  • Mondal, Soumik; Bours, Patrick. (2015) Swipe Gesture based Continuous Authentication for Mobile Devices. The 8th IAPR International Conference on Biometrics, ICB; May 19-22 2015, Phuket, Thailand.
  • Pleva, Matus; Kiktova, Eva; Juhar, Josef; Bours, Patrick. (2015) Acoustical user identification based on MFCC analysis of keystrokes. Advances in Electrical and Electronic Engineering. vol. 13 (4).

2014

  • Bours, Patrick; Komanpally, Vathsala. (2014) Performance of keystroke dynamics when allowing typing corrections. 2nd International Workshop on Biometrics and Forensics (IWBF2014); 27-28th March 2014, Valletta, Malta.
  • Bours, Patrick; Masoudian, Elnaz. (2014) Applying keystroke dynamics on one-time pin codes. 2nd International Workshop on Biometrics and Forensics (IWBF2014); 27-28th March 2014, Valletta, Malta.
  • Idrus, Syed Zulkarnain Syed; Cherrier, Estelle; Rosenberger, Christophe; Bours, Patrick. (2014) Soft Biometrics for Keystroke Dynamics: Profiling Individuals While Typing Passwords. Computers & security (Print). vol. 45 (September).
  • Mondal, Soumik; Bours, Patrick. (2014) Continuous Authentication using Fuzzy Logic. Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Security of Information and Networks SIN'14 ; September, 9-11 2014 Glasgow/UK.
  • Motlagh, Mohammad Reza Mahmoudian; Bours, Patrick. (2014) User Identification Based on Eye Gaze Data. Norsk Informasjonssikkerhetskonferanse (NISK).
  • Wu, Liang; Bours, Patrick. (2014) Content Reconstruction using Keystroke Dynamics: Preliminary Results. Fifth International Conference on Emerging Security Technologies, EST 2014; Alcalá de Henares, Spain, 10-12 September 2014.

2013

2012

2011

  • Bajrami, Gazmend; Derawi, Mohammad; Bours, Patrick. (2011) Towards an automatic gait recognition system using activity recognition (wearable based). Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop On Securityand Communication Networks (IWSCN 2011), 18-20 May, 2011, Gjøvik, Norway.
  • Balisane, Hewa; Derawi, Mohammad; Bours, Patrick; Ahmed, Waqar; Twigg, Peter. (2011) Gait Recognition in Children under Special Circumstances. Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop On Securityand Communication Networks (IWSCN 2011), 18-20 May, 2011, Gjøvik, Norway.
  • Balisane, Hewa; Derawi, Mohammad; Bours, Patrick; Ahmed, Waqar; Twigg, Peter. (2011) Performance of Gait Recognition in Children's Walking Compared to Adults. Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop On Securityand Communication Networks (IWSCN 2011), 18-20 May, 2011, Gjøvik, Norway.
  • Bours, Patrick. (2011) Feature Selection in Keystroke Dynamics. Norsk informasjonssikkerhetskonferanse, NISK 2011.
  • Bours, Patrick. (2011) Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop On Securityand Communication Networks (IWSCN 2011), 18-20 May, 2011, Gjøvik, Norway. 2011. ISBN 978-82-91313-67-2.
  • Derawi, Mohammad; Balisane, Hewa; Bours, Patrick; Ahmed, Waqar; Twigg, Peter. (2011) Gait Recognition for Children over a Longer Period. BIOSIG 2011, Proceedings - International Conference of the Biometrics Special Interest Group; 8.-9. September 2011 in Darmstadt.
  • Gafurov, Davrondzhon; Bours, Patrick; Snekkenes, Einar. (2011) User authentication based on foot motion. Signal, Image and Video Processing. vol. 5 (4).
  • Gafurov, Davrondzhon; Busch, Christoph; Bours, Patrick; Yang, Bian. (2011) Fusion in fingerprint authentication: two finger types vs. two scanner types. SAC'11 The 2011 ACM Symposium on Applied Computing; TaiChung, Taiwan — March 21 - 24, 2011.
  • Mjaaland, Bendik Bjørklid; Bours, Patrick; Gligoroski, Danilo. (2011) Walk the Walk: Attacking Gait Biometrics by Imitation. Information Security, 13th International Conference, ISC 2010 Boca Raton, FL, USA, October 2010.
  • Nickel, Claudia; Derawi, Mohammad; Bours, Patrick; Busch, Christoph. (2011) Scenario test of accelerometer-based biometric gait recognition. Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop On Securityand Communication Networks (IWSCN 2011), 18-20 May, 2011, Gjøvik, Norway.
  • Seeger, Mark M.; Bours, Patrick. (2011) How to comprehensively describe a biometric update mechnism for keystroke dynamics. Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop On Securityand Communication Networks (IWSCN 2011), 18-20 May, 2011, Gjøvik, Norway.

2010

2009