Background and activities

Prof. Rao Martand Singh is a Professor of Geotechnical Engineering in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering. Energy and environment is close to his heart and he applies Geotechnical Engineering knowledge and experience to solve problems related to energy and environment.

Prof. Singh has got 15 years of global research experience in the area of geothermal energy pile foundations, energy tunnels, energy walls, ground source heat pump (GSHP), soil-structure interaction, nuclear waste disposal, gas/liquid flow characteristic of cement bentonite used in cut-off walls and borehole walls, thermal properties/suction measurement techniques and thermo-hydro-mechanical (THM) behaviour of unsaturated soils and geosynthetic clay liners (GCLs). He is collaborating with industries to find practical solution of problems related to energy and environment. He has published extensively in reputed journals and conferences.

Prof. Singh has been through an adventurous journey of learning, teaching and research and worked/travelled around the world. Previously he worked at the University of Surrey, UK; Monash University, Australia and Cardiff University, UK. He obtained his PhD from Geoenvironmental Research Centre (GRC), Cardiff University; MTech from IIT Delhi, and BEng from MBM Engineering College Jodhpur, India. He is very concerned about global warming, soil/water/air pollution and animal rights. At personal level to tackle theses issues he is trying to keep his carbon foot print low by following veganism.

PUBLICATIONS:

Journal articles:

  • Ogunleye, O., Singh, R.M., Cecinato, F. and Choi, J.C. (2020). Effect of intermittent operation on the thermal efficiency of energy tunnels under varying tunnel air temperature. Renewable Energy. 146: 2646-2658 (doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2019.08.088)
  • Morais, T.D.S.O., Tsuha, C.H.C., Neto, L.A.B. and Singh, R.M. (2020). Effects of Seasonal variations on the thermal response of energy piles in an unsaturated Brazilian tropical soil. Energy and Buildings. (doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2020. 109971)
  • Sani, A.K. and Singh, R.M. (2020). Response of unsaturated soils to heating of geothermal energy pile. Renewable Energy 147: 2618-2632 (doi.org/10.1016/j. renene.2018.11.032)
  • Sani, A.K., Singh, R.M., Tsuha, C.H.C. and Cavarretta, I. (2019). Pipe–pipe thermal interaction in a geothermal energy pile. Geothermics 81: 209–223. (doi.org/10.1016/j.geothermics.2019.05.004)
  • Valancius, R., Singh, R.M., Jurelionis, A. and Vaiciunas, J. (2019). Review of Heat Pump Systems and Applications in Cold Climates: Evidence from Lithuania. Energies. 12, 4331 (doi:10.3390/en12224331)
  • Sani, A.K., Singh, R.M., Amis, T. and Cavarretta, I. (2019). A review on the performance of geothermal energy pile foundation, its design process and applications. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 106(C): 54-78. (doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2019.02.008)
  • Shekhawat, P., Gunwant Sharma, G. and Singh, R.M. (2019). Strength behavior of alkaline activated eggshell powder and flyash geopolymer cured at ambient temperature. Construction and Building Materials. 223: 1112–1122. (doi.org/ 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.07.325)
  • Acikel, A., Gates, W.P., Singh, R.M., Bouazza, A. and Rowe, R.K. (2018). Insufficient initial hydration of GCLs from some subgrades: Factors and causes. Geotextile and Geomembrane. 46(6):770-781 (doi:10.1016/j.geotexmem.2018.06.007)
  • Acikel, A., Gates, W.P., Singh, R.M., Bouazza, A., Fredlund, D.G. and Rowe, R.K. (2018) Time-Dependent Unsaturated Behaviour of Geosynthetic Clay Liners. Canadian Geotechnical Journal. 55(12): 1824-1836 (doi.org/10.1139/cgj -2017-0646)
  • Faisal, N.H., Sanaee, R., Singh, R.M., Murray, J., McLaughlin, A., Healy, D., Lee, T.L. (2018). Neutron scattering study of strain behaviour of porous rocks subjected to heating and unconfined uniaxial compression. Journal of Physics: Conf. Series 1106: 012011 (doi :10.1088/1742-6596/1106/1/ 012011)
  • Bouazza, A., Rouf, M.A., Singh, R. M., Rowe, R. K. and Gates, W. P. (2017). Gas advection-diffusion in geosynthetic clay liners with powder and granular bentonites. Geosynthetics International, 24(6): 607-614. (doi:10.1680/jgein.17. 00027)
  • Kantamaneni, K., Du, X., Aher, S. and Singh, R.M. (2017). Building blocks: a quantitative approach for evaluating coastal vulnerability. Water, 9: 905-920. (doi:10.3390/w9120905)
  • Faizal, M., Bouazza, A. and Singh, R.M. (2016). Heat transfer enhancement of geothermal energy piles. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 57: 16-33. (doi:10.1016/j.rser.2015.12.065)
  • Rouf, M.A., Bouazza, A. and Singh, R. M., Gates, W. P. and Rowe, R. K. (2016). A gas flow unified measurement system for measuring sequentially gas diffusion and gas permeability of partially hydrated geosynthetic clay liners. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 53(6):1000-1012. (doi:10.1139/cgj-2015-0123)
  • Ali, M.A., Bouazza, A. and Singh, R.M., Gates,W.P. and Rowe, R.K. (2016). Thermal conductivity of Geosynthetic Clay Liners. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 53(9): 1510-1521 (doi:10.1139/cgj-2015-0585)
  • Rouf, M. A., Bouazza, A., Singh, R. M., Gates, W. P. and Rowe, R. K. (2016). Water vapour adsorption and desorption in GCLs. Geosynthetics International, 23(2): 86-99. (doi:10.1680/jgein.15.00034)
  • Faizal, M., Bouazza, A. and Singh, R.M. (2016). An Overview of Ocean Thermal and Geothermal Energy Conversion Technologies and Systems. International Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration, 24(3): 1630006. (doi: 10.1142/ S2010132516300068)
  • Faizal, M., Bouazza, A., Singh, R.M. (2016). An experimental investigation of the influence of intermittent and continuous operating modes on the thermal behaviour of a full scale geothermal energy pile. Geomechanics for Energy and the Environment Journal, 8: 8-29. (doi: 10.1016/j.gete.2016.08.001)
  • Rouf, M. A.,Bouazza, A., Singh, R.M., Gates, W. P. and Rowe, R. K.(2015). Gas migration through geomembrane/ geosynthetic clay liner composite liner with a defect in the geomembrane. Japanese Geotechnical Society Special Publication, 2(57): 1972-1977. (doi.org /10.3208/jgssp.TC215-07)
  • Acikel, A., Singh, R.M., Bouazza, A., Gates,W.P. and Rowe, R.K. (2015). Applicability and accuracy of the initially dry and initially wet contact filter paper tests for matric suction measurement of geosynthetic clay liners. Geotechnique, 65(9):780-787. (doi:10.1680/geot.13.P.222)
  • Singh, R.M., Bouazza, A. and Wang, B (2015). Near-field ground thermal response to heating of a geothermal energy pile: Observations from a field test. Soils and Foundations, 55(6):1412–1426. (doi:10.1016/j.sandf.2015.10.007)
  • Yu, K.L., Singh, R.M., Bouazza, A. and Bui, H.H. (2015). Determining soil thermal conductivity through numerical simulation of a heating test on a heat exchanger pile. Journal of Geotechnical and Geological Engineering, 33 (2):239-252. (doi:10.1007/s10706-015-9870-z)
  • Barry-Macaulay, D., Bouazza, A., Wang, B, and Singh, R.M. (2015). Evaluation of soil thermal conductivity models. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 52(11): 1892-1900. (doi: 10:1139/CGJ2014-0518)
  • Wang, B., Bouazza, A., Singh, R.M., Haberfield, C., Barry-Macaulay, D. and Baycan, S. (2015). Post-temperature effects on shaft capacity of a full scale geothermal energy pile. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, 141(4): 04014125. (doi:10.1061/(ASCE)GT.1943-5606.0001266)
  • Bouazza, A., Singh, R.M., Rowe, R.K. and Gassner, F. (2014). Heat and moisture migration in composite liners subjected to hot brine. Journal of Geotextiles and Geomembranes, 42(5): 555-563. (doi:10.1016/j.geotexmem. 2014.08.002)
  • Rouf, M.A., Singh, R.M., Bouazza, A. and Rowe, R.K. (2014). Gas permeability of partially hydrated geosynthetic clay liner under two stress conditions. ICE Environmental Geotechnics. [doi:10.1680/envgeo.14.00009]
  • Barry-Macaulay, D., Bouazza, A., Singh, R.M. and Wang, B. (2014). Thermal properties of Victorian soil and rock. Australian Geomechanics Journal, 49(2): 31-44.
  • Cleall, P.J., Singh, R.M. and Thomas, H.R. (2013). Vapour transfer in unsaturated compacted bentonite. Geotechnique, 63(11):957-964. [doi:10.1680 /geot.12.P.147]
  • Singh, R.M. and Bouazza, A. (2013). Thermal conductivity of geosynthetics. Journal of Geotextiles and Geomembranes, 39: 1-8. [doi:10.1016/j.geotexmem 2013.06.02]
  • Barry-Macaulay, D., Bouazza, A., Singh, R.M. and Wang, B. and Ranjith, P.G. (2013). Thermal conductivity of soils and rocks from the Melbourne region. Engineering Geology, 164:131-138. [doi.10.1016/j.enggeo.2013.06.014]
  • Bouazza, A., Zornberg, J., McCartney, J. and Singh, R.M. (2013). Unsaturated geotechnics applied to geoenvironmental engineering problems involving geosynthetics. Engineering Geology, 165: 143-153. [doi.10.1016/j.enggeo.2012. 11.018]
  • Al-Otaibi, F.A., Wegian, F.M., Alnaki, A.A., Almutairi, S.K. and Singh, R.M. (2012). Effect of bitumen addition on the long-term permeability of sabkha soil. KJSE 39(2B): 131-147.
  • Wang, B., Bouazza, A., Barry-Macaulay, D., Singh, R.M., Webster, M., Haberfield, C., Chapman, G. and Baycan, S. (2012). Field and laboratory investigation of a heat exchanger pile. ASCE Geotechnical Special Publication, 225: 4396-4405. [doi:10.1061/9780784412121.452]
  • Cleall, P.J., Singh, R.M. and Thomas, H.R. (2011). Non-isothermal moisture movement in unsaturated kaolin: An experimental and theoretical investigation. ASTM Geotechnical Testing Journal, 34(5): 514-524. [doi: 10.1520/GTJ1035 85]
  • Bouazza, A., Singh, R.M., Wang, B., Barry-Macaulay, D., Haberfield, C., Chapman, G., Baycan, S. and Carden, Y. (2011). Harnessing on site renewable energy through pile foundations. Australian Geomechanics Journal, 46(4): 79-90.
  • De Moel, M., Bach, P.M., Bouazza, A., Singh, R.M. and Sun, J.O. (2010). Technological advances and application of geothermal energy pile foundations and their feasibility in Australia. International Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 14: 2683-2696. [doi:10.1016/j.rser.2010.07.027]

Book chapters:

  • Singh, R.M. and Sani, A.K. (2017). Ground source heat pump (GSHP) technology: an overview. Managing global warming, an interface of technology and human issues. Letcher, T.M. (ed), Elsevier. 455-486.
  • Bouazza, A., Singh, R.M., and Faizal, M. (2015). Full Scale Geothermal Energy Pile Studies at Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.  ASME press, Book: Thermoactive Foundations for Sustainable Buildings.  (doi:10.1115/ 1.861059_ch3)
  • Bouazza, A., Wang, B. and Singh, R.M. (2013). Soil effective thermal conductivity from energy pile thermal tests. Coupled Phenomena in Environmental Geotechnics. Manassero et al. (eds), CRC/Balkema, 211-219.
  • Rouf, M.A., Singh, R.M., Bouazza, A., and Rowe, R.K. (2013). Geosynthetic clay liner gas permeability relationship with moisture content and suction under pre-conditioning stresses. Coupled Phenomena in Environmental Geotechnics. Manassero et al. (eds), CRC/Balkema, 435-441.

Conference or Workshop Item:

  • Sani, A.K., Singh, R.M., Cavarretta, I., Tsuha C.H.C. and Bhattacharya S. (2018). Inlet and outlet pipe heat interaction in contiguous flight auger (CFA) pile. International Symposium on Energy Geotechnics, Lausanne, Switzerland. 113–122.
  • Singh, R.M. and Valancius, R. (2018). Future trends for heat pump usage: energy piles, energy walls and energy tunnels. Proceedings of 6th International Scientific Conference Advanced Construction, Kaunas, Lithuania. 38-39.
  • Al-Neama, A.I. and Singh, R.M. (2018). Numerical study of the thermo-mechanical behaviour of geothermal energy pile. Proceedings of 6th International Scientific Conference Advanced Construction, Kaunas, Lithuania. 98-99.
  • Valancius, R., Cerneckiene, J. and Singh, R.M. (2018). Review of Combined Solar Thermal and Heat Pump Systems Installations in Lithuanian Hospitals. 12th International Conference on Solar Energy for Buildings and Industry, Rapperswil, Switzerland. (doi:10.18086/eurosun2018.01.06)
  • Sani, A.K., Singh, R.M., Cavarretta, I. and Bhattacharya S. (2018).  Heat storage performance of a pile heat exchanger installed in partially saturated swelling clay. 7th International Conference on Unsaturated Soils, Hong Kong.
  • Olawoore, I.O., Singh, R.M. and Bhattacharya, S. (2018). Study of thermal performance enhancement in geothermal energy pile 15th BGA Young Geotechnical Engineers’ Symposium, Surrey, UK. 5-6.
  • Sani, A.K., Singh, R.M. and Cavarretta, I. (2018). Numerical investigation on the performance of geothermal energy contiguous flight auger (CFA) pile. 15th BGA Young Geotechnical Engineers’ Symposium, Surrey, UK. 69–70.
  • Ogunleye, O. and Singh, R.M. (2018).Analysis of geothermal energy utilisation in underground tunnel. 15th BGA Young Geotechnical Engineers’ Symposium, Surrey, UK. 71–72.
  • Sani, A.K., Singh, R.M. and Cavarretta, I. (2017). Ground thermal response to a pile heat exchanger subjected to heating load. Proceedings 2nd Symposium on Coupled Phenomena in Environmental Geotechnics (CPEG2), Leeds, UK.
  • Demirci, H.E., Bhattacharya, S. and Singh, R.M. (2017). A review of the behaviour of buried continuous pipelines crossing faults. 3rd International soil-structure interaction symposium, Izmir, Turkey.
  • Demirci, H.E., Bhattacharya, S., Karamitros, D., Alexander, N., Singh, R.M., Mahoney, W. and Draper, F. (2017). Scaled model of buried pipelines crossing faults. 4th International Conference on Earthquake Engineering and Seismology, Eskisehir, Turkey.
  • Rouf, M. A.,Bouazza, A., Singh, R.M., Gates, W. P. and Rowe, R. K.(2015). Gas migration through geomembrane/ geosynthetic clay liner composite liner with a defect in the geomembrane.  The 15th Asian Regional Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering. Japanese Geotechnical Society Special Publication. 2(57): 1972-1977. (doi:10.3208/jgssp.TC215- 07)
  • Faizal, M., Bouazza, A. and Singh, R.M. (2015). An experimental investigation of the influence of intermittent and continuous operating modes on the thermal behaviour of a full scale geothermal energy pile. International Symposium on Energy Geotechnics, Barcelona. 1st ed. Barcelona: Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament d'Enginyeria del Terreny, Cartogràfica i Geofísica.
  • Singh, R.M., Bouazza, A., Wang, B., Haberfield, C., Baycan, S. and Carden, Y. (2015). Thermal and Thermo-Mechanical Response of a Geothermal Energy Pile.  Proceedings World Geothermal Congress, Melbourne, Australia. 19-25.
  • Faizal, M., Bouazza, A. and Singh, R.M. (2015). Ocean Thermal and Geothermal Energy: An Overview of Technologies and Systems.  Proceedings World Geothermal Congress, Melbourne, Australia.
  • Rouf, M. A., Bouazza, A., Singh, R. M., Gates, W. P. and Rowe, R. K. (2015). Gas diffusion coefficient and gas permeability of an unsaturated geosynthetic clay liner. Geosynthetics conference, Portland, Oregon, USA.
  • Ali, M.A., Singh, R.M., Bouazza, A., Gates, W.P. and Rowe, R.K. (2014). Variation of total suction of a clayey soil with temperature. Proceedings of 6th International Conference on Unsaturated Soils, Sydney, Australia, 849-855.
  • Rouf, M.A., Singh, R.M., Bouazza, A., Gates, W.P. and Rowe, R.K. (2014). Evaluation of a geosynthetic clay liner water retention curve using vapour equilibrium technique. Proceedings of 6th International Conference on Unsaturated Soils, Sydney, Australia, 1003-1009.
  • Bouazza, A., Wang, B. and Singh, R.M. (2013). Soil effective thermal conductivity from energy pile thermal tests. Coupled Phenomena in Environmental Geotechnics. Manassero et al. (eds), CRC/Balkema, 211-219.
  • Rouf, M.A., Singh, R.M., Bouazza, A., and Rowe, R.K. (2013). Geosynthetic clay liner gas permeability relationship with moisture content and suction under pre-conditioning stresses. Coupled Phenomena in Environmental Geotechnics. Manassero et al. (eds), CRC/Balkema, 435-441.
  • Wang, B., Bouazza, A., Singh, R.M., Barry-Macaulay, D., Haberfield, C., Chapman, G. and Baycan, S. (2013). Field investigation of a geothermal energy pile: Initial observations. 18th International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Paris, France, 3415-3418.
  • Gates, W.P., Yang, L., Singh, R.M. and Bouazza, A. (2012). Improving the swell index and fluid loss methods for compatibility testing of bentonites. Australian Regolith and Clays Conference, Mildura, Australia, 69-74.
  • Wang, B., Bouazza, A., Barry-Macaulay, D., Singh, R.M., Haberfield, C., Chapman, G. and Baycan, S. (2012). Geothermal energy pile subjected to thermo-mechanical loading. ANZ 2012 Conference, Melbourne, 626-631.
  • Choghri, M., Singh, R.M. and Bouazza, A. (2012). Saturated hydraulic conductivity of various engineering barriers. ANZ 2012 Conference, Melbourne, 662-667. 
  • Barry-Macaulay, D., Bouazza, A., Singh, R.M. and Wang, B. (2012). Thermal conductivity of Melbourne siltstone and sandstone. ANZ 2012 Conference, Melbourne, 632-637.
  • Wang, B., Barry-Macaulay, D., Bouazza, A., Singh, R.M., Haberfield, C. and Baycan, S. (2012). Full-scaled geothermal energy pile subjected to thermo-mechanical loading. Geo-Congress Oakland, CA, USA.
  • Barry-Macaulay, D., Bouazza, A. and Singh, R.M. (2011). Study of thermal properties of a basaltic clay. Geo-Frontiers 2011, Dallas, Texas USA, 480-487.
  • Singh, R.M., Cleall, P. J. and Thomas, H. R. (2011). Experimental, theoretical and numerical study of thermal and hydraulic behavior of unsaturated swelling clays. 13th International Conference of the International Association for Computer Methods and Advances in Geomechanics (IACMAG 13), Melbourne, Australia, 411-416.
  • Acikel, A. S., Singh, R.M., Bouazza, A. and Gates, W. P. and Rowe, R.K. (2011). Water retention behavior of geosynthetics clay liners. 13th International Conference of the International Association for Computer Methods and Advances in Geomechanics (IACMAG 13), Melbourne, Australia, May 2011, 626-630.
  • Singh, R.M., Bouazza, A., Wang, B., Barry-Macaulay, D., Haberfield, C., Baycan, S., and Carden, Y. (2011). Goethermal Energy Pile: Thermal cum Static Load Testing. Australian Geothermal Energy Conference 2011, Melbourne, 245-248.
  • Bouazza, A., Adam, D., Singh, R.M. and Ranjith, P. G. (2011). Direct Geothermal Energy from Geostructures. Australian Geothermal Energy Conference 2011, Melbourne, 21-24.
  • Singh, R.M. and Bouazza, A. (2010). Determination of the soil-water characteristic curve for unsaturated expansive clays. 3rd International Conference on Problematic Soils, Adelaide, Australia, 303-310.  
  • Singh, R.M. and Do, N. Y. (2010). Heat transfer and moisture movement in swelling clay. Proceedings of the Twin International Conferences on 4th Geotechnical and Geo-Environmental Engineering and 7th Ground Improvement Techniques, Seoul, South Korea, 277-284.  
  • Singh, R.M. and Bouazza, A. (2010). Modelling of thermo-hydraulic behavior of compacted MX-80 bentonite. Proceedings of 5th New Frontiers in Computational Geotechnics (NFCOMGEO V), Brisbane, Australia, 139-143.  
  • Singh, R.M. Daniel, G. and Bouazza, A. (2010). Transient state method of thermal conductivity determination. Proceedings of 5th New Frontiers in Computational Geotechnics (NFCOMGEO V), Brisbane, Australia, 159-162.
  • Singh, R.M. (2010). Numerical simulation of thermo-hydraulic behaviour of unsaturated swelling clays. Proceedings of the 11th IAEG Congress, Auckland, NZ. Geologically Active - Williams et al. (eds), 3571-3578.
  • Singh, R.M. and Bouazza, A. (2010). Comparison of laboratory methods of thermal conductivity measurement. Proceedings of the 11th IAEG Congress, Auckland, NZ. Geologically Active - Williams et al. (eds), 2467-2473.
  • Singh, R.M. and Bouazza, A. (2010). Thermal and mechanical behavior of selected Australian soils. Proceedings of ISSMGE’s 6th International Congress on Environmental Geotechnics, New Delhi, India, 1478-1481.
  • Singh, R.M., Thomas, H.R. and Cleall, P.J. (2010). Heat and mass migration in MX-80 bentonite subjected to thermo-hydraulic gradient. Proceedings of ISSMGE’s 6th International Congress on Environmental Geotechnics, New Delhi, India, 1650-1653.
  • Singh, R.M. and Bouazza, A. (2010). Geothermal energy pile for heating and cooling a building. 6th Tri-University Workshop on Advanced Engineering, Melbourne, Australia, 39.
  • Cleall, P.J., Singh, R.M., Do, N.Y. and Thomas, H. R. (2006). An experimental study of moisture movement due to thermal and thermo-hydraulic gradients in clays. Proceedings of ISSMGE’s 5th International Congress on Environmental Geotechnics, Cardiff, Vol. 1, 693-700.
  • Singh, R.M. and Venkatappa Rao, G. (2006). Sustainable development: Durability of natural geotextiles as erosion control product. Proceedings of ISSMGE’s 5th International Congress on Environmental Geotechnics, Cardiff, Vol. 2, 1060-1067.

Monograph:

  • Singh, R.M. and Bouazza, A. (2012). Experimental and numerical investigation of composite liner containing hot brine. Technical report, 41 p.
  • Singh, R.M. and Bouazza, A. (2012). Hydraulic conductivity of a GCL subjected to hot brine. Technical report, 7 p.
  • Bouazza, A. and Singh, R.M. (2011). Geothermal foundation system for heating and cooling of buildings. Technical report, 29 p.
  • Thomas, H. R., Singh, R.M., and Vardon, P. J. (2009). THM modelling of full CRT. THERESA project, Work Package 4, Deliverable 12, 43 p.
  • Thomas, H. R., Singh, R.M., and Vardon, P. J. (2008). THM modelling of engineered buffer at canister mid height related to CRT. Technical report THERESA project, 28 p.
  • Thomas, H. R., Singh, R.M., Vardon, P. J. and Seetharam, S. C. (2008). THM modeling of three designated laboratory benchmarks. Technical report THERESA project, 52 p.
  • Thomas, H. R., Singh, R.M. and Seetharam, S. C. (2008). Theoretical formulation - Improvements and implementation in COMPASS code. Technical auditing report THERESA project, 20 p.
  • Thomas, H. R., Singh, R.M. and Seetharam, S. C. (2008). Improvement to the existing THMC formulation. Constitutive model improvement report THERESA project, 41 p.
  • Thomas, H. R., Singh, R.M. and Seetharam, S. C. (2007). General features of COMPASS code and mathematical representation of constitutive models. Technical auditing report THERESA project, 19 p.
  • Cleall, P.J., Singh, R.M., and Thomas, H. R. (2007). Thermal and thermo-hydraulic tests on compacted bentonite: Experimental results and model development. Technical report NF-Pro (European Commission project), 86 p.
  • Cleall, P. J., Singh, R.M., and Thomas, H. R. (2006). Thermal and thermo-hydraulic tests on compacted bentonite: Experimental set-up and initial results. Technical report NF-Pro (European Commission project), 25 p.