GEOM2120 - Geodetic Control Networks


Examination arrangement

Examination arrangement: Aggregate score
Grade: Letter grades

Evaluation Weighting Duration Grade deviation Examination aids
Oral exam 60/100 20 minutes D
Portfolio 40/100

Course content

- Review of the fundamentals of statistics and linear algebra (matrix calculations) - Adjustment calculations with the Least Squares' method - Observation equations from different measuring methods: precision leveling, angles, distances, 3D satellite vectors. - Weighting of observation equations from different measuring methods: precision leveling, angles, distances and 3D satellite vectors. - Theory of gross error detection, framework test, internal reliability, external reliability, and the relevant Norwegian standards - Control network design and simulation - Fundamentals of GNSS measuring methods. Fundamentals of GNSS vector processing. - Control point establishment with total station and static GNSS observed 3D vectors - Adjustment calculations and network analysis using different software packages.

Learning outcome

After completing the subject, the students will earn the following Knowledge: - A good understanding of the principles of Least Squares based adjustment calculations and analyses of surveying data coming from different observations methods (leveling, total stations, GNSS). - Digitalization of adjustment calculation workflows: knowledge on using the most popular surveying software packages for solving real world tasks on the field of adjustment, and knowledge on performing analyses of data from leveling, total station, and GNSS based observations. - Being able to interpret the relevant professional standards and prepare documentation based on those. General competencies: Students will be able to independently design, measure and post-process a control point network meeting quality criteria determined by the relevant professional standards.

Learning methods and activities

- Lectures

- Project work

- Supervision

- The course has compulsory work requirements that must be completed at the campus of NTNU in Gjøvik. The schedule for this will be handed out at the start of the semester.

The course can be given as a guided self-study if less than 6 students are registered.

Further on evaluation

A retake oral exam will be held in August. In case of failure, the assignments must be completed again when the course is retaken. The portfolio consists of 4 assignments to be turned in. Some will be handed in as groupwork, while others as individual work. All assignments must be passed. 40% of the course's grade will be based on an overall evaluation of the submitted assignments. Assignments that are rejected will be given a deadline to make a deferred resubmission upon petition to the course coordinator. Any appeals concerning the grading of the assignment will only apply to the 40% of the overall course grade constituted by the assignments.

Specific conditions

Admission to a programme of study is required:
Geomatics (BIGEOMAT)

Required previous knowledge

  • ISTG1002 Statistics
  • GEOM2110 Surveying

Course materials

  • Handout materials (Blackboard)
  • There is no obligatory textbook. Suggested reading list:
  • Charles D. Ghilanic (2017): Adjustment Computations, 6th Edition, Wiley, (ISBN:ISBN: 9781119385981)
  • Instrument and software manuals (regularly updated on the relevant website or in the intranet)

Material in Norwegian (non-Norwegian-speaking students will get help in translation from the course coordinator):

  • Inge Revhaug (1993). Feillære og utjevningsreging. Landbruksbokhandelen (ISBN 82-557-0386-1)
  • Skogseth, T. (2014). Grunnleggende landmåling. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget (ISBN: 978-82-05-44934-3)
  • Kartverket (2009). Satellittbasert posisjonsbestemmelse (oppdateres ved
  • Kartverket (2011). Stedfesting av matrikkelenhets- og råderettsgrenser (oppdateres ved
  • Kartverket (2009). Koordinatbasert referansesystem (oppdateres ved

More on the course



Version: 1
Credits:  15.0 SP
Study level: Intermediate course, level II


Term no.: 1
Teaching semester:  SPRING 2024

Language of instruction: English, Norwegian

Location: Gjøvik

Subject area(s)
  • Geomatics
Contact information
Course coordinator: Lecturer(s):

Department with academic responsibility
Department of Manufacturing and Civil Engineering


Examination arrangement: Aggregate score

Term Status code Evaluation Weighting Examination aids Date Time Examination system Room *
Spring ORD Portfolio 40/100 INSPERA
Room Building Number of candidates
Spring ORD Oral exam 60/100 D
Room Building Number of candidates
Summer UTS Oral exam 60/100 D
Room Building Number of candidates
  • * The location (room) for a written examination is published 3 days before examination date. If more than one room is listed, you will find your room at Studentweb.

For more information regarding registration for examination and examination procedures, see "Innsida - Exams"

More on examinations at NTNU