MEDT8002 - Ultrasound Imaging


Lessons are not given in the academic year 2023/2024

Course content

Ultrasonic wave propagation and beam forming. Non-linear effects. Ultrasound probe technology for 2D and 3D imaging. Resolution, contrast media, acoustic noise and imaging artefacts. Continuous and pulsed ultrasound for blood flow measuring. Hemodynamics and application in vascular medicine and cardiology. Color Doppler imaging and tissue Doppler imaging. Ultrasound strain and strain rate imaging. Ultrasound contrast media. Experimental imaging (high-frequency). Patient safety. Thermal and mechanical effects on human tissue. Software for visualization and analysis of 2D and 3D ultrasound data. Overview of applications in cardiology and vascular imaging etc. will be given.

Learning outcome

After completing the course, the student should: 1) Know the function of the different parts of an ultrasound scanner. 2) Know how to use a standard ultrasound scanner, including archiving recordings. 3) Have detailed knowledge on the different imaging modalities (m-mode, B-mode, 2D, 3D, Doppler, contrast). 4) Be able to apply this knowledge to explain limitations and sources of error in the different modalities. 5) Know limitations and errors when using the Doppler-effect to measure blood velocities and flow, and in estimation of pressures in different parts of the cardiovascular system. 6) Know how ultrasound can be applied in clinical medicine and research with emphasis on cardiology 7) Know how high-frequency ultrasound can be applied in experimental research. 8) Understand the physical principles behind the use of ultrasound in medical imaging. 9) Know the risks associated with medical ultrasound, and the formal regulations that apply.

Learning methods and activities

The course will be held as an intensive course (2 weeks); Lectures, practical demonstrations and exercises. Lectures will be in english if there are international participants. Mandatory participation in regular study groups in two separate weeks. Image analysis and data organization. A minimum of 5 students required to conduct the course.

Further on evaluation

Exam will be held on the last day of the course

Exam: Multiple choice

Re-sit examination may be oral.

Required previous knowledge

Basic knowledge in mathematics and physics. Knowledge in anatomy and physiology equivalent to a Medical Doctor degree, Master's degree or similar. Medical students at the Student Research Programme. Candidates with a lower degree will be assessed individually.

Course materials

1) Medisinsk ultralydavbildning. Sverre Holm.

Comment: Short, technical and good introduction.

2) Hoskins, Peter R. et al. Diagnostic Ultrasound: Physics and Equipment. Second ed. Publisher: Cambridge University Press. Date Published: June 2010 Print ISBN: 9780521757102. (Elektronisk versjon/e-bok er tilgjengelig på NTNU Universitetsbibliotekets nettsider).

Comment: Thorough, general introduction to technical aspects on medical ultrasound.

3) Aakhus S, Brabrand K, Dalen H, Husebye. Medisinsk ultralyddiagnostikk. Gyldendal Akademisk 2016.

Comment: Concise Introduction to clinical medical ultrasound diagnostics with focus on cardiovascular diagnostics.

Credit reductions

Course code Reduction From To
HRAD8011 7.5 AUTUMN 2020
More on the course



Version: 1
Credits:  7.5 SP
Study level: Doctoral degree level



Language of instruction: English, Norwegian

Location: Trondheim

Subject area(s)
  • Medical Technology
Contact information

Department with academic responsibility
Department of Circulation and Medical Imaging


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