SPRÅK2200 - Diachronic Linguistics: How Languages Change


Examination arrangement

Examination arrangement: School exam
Grade: Letter grades

Evaluation Weighting Duration Grade deviation Examination aids
School exam 100/100 4 hours E

Course content

The course deals with questions such as: What are the implications of two languages being related, and how does a language develop through time? How does a sound or the meaning of a word change, and how do new ways of inflection occur? How can we reconstruct a proto-language, and what occurs when a new language suddenly arises? The contents and focus in this course may vary somewhat from semester to semester.

Learning outcome

Knowledge and general competence

After having finished the course, the student is at least expected to have knowledge about, use or discuss:

  • Important elements of the history of the subject
  • Important principles of reconstruction
  • Important principles and phenomena in language change, basic language typology, and language contact


After having finished the course, the student is at least expected to:

  • Apply this competence in academic reflection on relevant issues
  • Perform reconstructions, and discuss and analyse linguistic phenomena and processes on the basis of theoretical competence within the subject

Learning methods and activities

Lectures and teaching in smaller groups. Obligatory exercises have to be approved before the candidate may sit the written exam. Each of the obligatory papers should be 3-6 A4 pages. In special cases, students may be eligible to sit a take-home exam instead of a regular exam. An application is required. Approved obligatory assignment is valid for 2 semesters (the semester in which the approval is given, plus the following semester).

Compulsory assignments

  • 3 approved exercises.

Specific conditions

Compulsory activities from previous semester may be approved by the department.

Course materials

The curriculum will be announced at the start of term.

More on the course



Version: 1
Credits:  7.5 SP
Study level: Intermediate course, level II


Term no.: 1
Teaching semester:  SPRING 2023

Language of instruction: Norwegian

Location: Trondheim

Subject area(s)
  • English Language
  • German Language
  • French Language
  • Applied Linguistics
  • Applied Linguistics
  • Linguistics
  • Scandinavian Linguistics
Contact information
Course coordinator:

Department with academic responsibility
Department of Language and Literature


Examination arrangement: School exam

Term Status code Evaluation Weighting Examination aids Date Time Examination system Room *
Autumn ORD School exam 100/100 E 2022-12-21 09:00 INSPERA
Room Building Number of candidates
Spring ORD School exam 100/100 E 2023-06-06 09:00 INSPERA
Room Building Number of candidates
  • * The location (room) for a written examination is published 3 days before examination date. If more than one room is listed, you will find your room at Studentweb.

For more information regarding registration for examination and examination procedures, see "Innsida - Exams"

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