Background and activities


I am Professor of Scandinavian linguistics at the Department of Language and Literature. I work on the history of Norwegian (and related languages) during the last 1500 years from several perspectives, both changes to the linguistic system and changes in the use of language(s). I also teach topics from modern Norwegian.

Research interests:

  • Language history
  • Historical sociolinguistics
  • History of linguistics and philology
  • Old Norse philology
  • Historical-comparative linguistics more generally

Middle Norwegian

I have worked  much on linguistic change in Middle Norwegian (ca. 1350–1550) and have put together a bibliography for the period (in Norwegian). Additions in order to make it as complete as possible are welcome.

Scientific, academic and artistic work

A selection of recent journal publications, artistic productions, books, including book and report excerpts. See all publications in the database

Journal publications


  • Berg, Ivar. (2019) Språket som vart norsk. Språkhistorie frå urnordisk til 1800-talet. Universitetsforlaget. 2019. ISBN 9788215033723.
  • Berg, Ivar; Dalen, Arnold; Seim, Karin J Fjellhammer. (2013) Runestudiar. Festskrift til Jan Ragnar Hagland. Akademika forlag. 2013. ISBN 978-82321-0215-0.

Part of book/report

  • Berg, Ivar. (2019) Gender and declension mismatches in West Nordic. Historical Linguistics 2015 - Selected papers from the 22nd International Conference on Historical Linguistics, Naples, 27-31 July 2015.
  • Berg, Ivar. (2019) Morfologi. Språket som system: Norsk språkstruktur.
  • Haugen, Odd Einar; Bernharðsson, Haraldur; Berg, Ivar. (2019) Ch. 10. Normalisation. The Menota Handbook. Guidelines for the electronic encoding of Medieval Nordic primary sources. Version 3.0.
  • Berg, Ivar. (2018) Skriftkulturen ved erkesetet i seinmellomalderen. Nidaros erkebispesete i seinmiddelalderen - et kultursentrum?.
  • Berg, Ivar; Bugge, Edit; Røyneland, Unn; Sandøy, Helge. (2018) Geografisk og sosial variasjon. Norsk språkhistorie II : praksis.
  • Berg, Ivar. (2017) Business writing in early sixteenth-century Norway. Merchants of Innovation. The Languages of Traders.
  • Berg, Ivar. (2017) Kor gamle er dei norske dialektane?. Ideologi, identitet, intervention. Nordisk dialektologi 10.
  • Berg, Ivar. (2017) Språkhistorie. Norsk 5-10: Språkboka.
  • Berg, Ivar. (2016) The Making of the Scandinavian Languages. Metalinguistic Perspectives on Germanic Languages. European Case Studies from Past to Present.
  • Berg, Ivar. (2015) Stages in deflexion and the Norwegian dative. Historical Linguistics 2013.
  • Berg, Ivar. (2014) Mellomnorsk bibliografi 1350--1525. Endre-boka. Postfestumskrift til Endre Mørck.
  • Berg, Ivar. (2014) Rural Literacy in Sixteenth Century Norway. Vernacular Literacies - Past, Present and Future.
  • Berg, Ivar. (2013) Variation in a Norwegian sixteenth-century scribal community. Scribes as agents of language change.