Background and activities

Research interests

  • Pragmatics
  • Semantics (especially non-truth-conditional semantics)

I am interested in the encoded meaning of linguistic items and how these meanings together with pragmatic principles lead to specific interpretations of utterances in context. More specifically, I have worked on topics such as referring expressions, implicatures, and pragmatic particles.


Ongoing and previous research projects to which I have contributed (or led)

  • The meaning and function of NOrwegian Tags (NOT) (financed by the Research Council of Norway 2014-2017)
  • The Distribution and Meaning of Nominal Forms in Norwegian; a Cross-linguistic Perspective (RCN grant 2007-2009). Project leader: Thorstein Fretheim.
  • BREDT - Behandling av Referanse i Diskurs Teori (Goal: automatic anaphor resolution) (RCN grant 2003-2006). Project leader: Christer Johansson.
  • Norwegian bare singulars (PhD project 1999-2003)

Scientific, academic and artistic work

Displaying a selection of activities. See all publications in the database

Journal publications

Part of book/report

  • Borthen, Kaja; Karagjosova, Elena. (2021) The Norwegian tag "da" in comparison to English "then". Pragmatic Markers and Peripheries.
  • Hedberg, Nancy; Gundel, Jeanette K.; Borthen, Kaja. (2019) Different senses of 'referential'. The Oxford Handbook on Reference.
  • Rosén, Victoria; Borthen, Kaja. (2017) Norwegian bare singulars revisited. The very model of a modern linguist — in honor of Helge Dyvik.
  • Borthen, Kaja; Hemforth, Barbara; Behrens, Bergljot; Fabricius-Hansen, Cathrine; Mertins, Barbara. (2014) Referring expressions in speech reports. Psycholinguistic Approaches to Meaning and Understanding across Languages.
  • Borthen, Kaja; Thomassen, Gøril. (2014) Referential and functional aspects of the Norwegian first person plural 'vi'. Constructing collectivity. 'We' across languages and contexts.
  • Borthen, Kaja. (2007) The correspondence between cognitive status and the form of kind-referring NPs. The Grammar-Pragmatics Interface.