Background and activities
Professor of Contemporary European History
My research focuses on contemporary European history with an emphasis on French political history, economic and political integration in Europe after World War II and Norway’s relations with the EU. In my doctoral thesis (2004), I analyzed the French demands for social harmonization in the EEC in the 1950s and 60s. Since then, I have investigated different aspects of European integration, using rationalist and constructivist perspectives. The purpose of my research is to understand why integration takes place, why it takes multiple forms, as well as how it impacts democracy on the domestic and the EU level.
Since 2004, I work at the NTNU programme in European Studies. I am a member of this programme’s research effort “Trust in European Governance (TRUST)”, which seeks to explain and refine our understanding of the role played by trust in European governance, historically and in the present day. In the period 2018-22, I form part of the NTNU team in the H2020 funded RIA-project “Reconciling Europe with its Citizens through Democracy and the Rule of Law (RECONNECT)”. In the period 2018-21, I direct the ERASMUS+ funded Jean Monnet-module “Differentiated Integration: The Norwegian Case in Perspective”, which forms part of the NTNU’s international MA-programme in European Studies.
I supervise on all levels and students who would like to write theses within my field of expertise are welcome to contact me. In the period 2010-2012, I sat on the EEA Review Committee - a broad-based independent committee of twelve researchers appointed by the Norwegian Government to review Norway's agreements with the EU. As a follow up of that engagement, I continued to research EFTA-EC relations and Norway's relations with the European Union. The most recent result of this research is the monograph Norge i Europa, published by Fagbokforlaget in 2019.
- EFTA-EU relations
- Contemporary French history
- The history of European integration
- Norway's relations with the EU (EEA)
- Democracy and the rule of law in Europe
- Trust in European governance
- EUR 3414 Differentiated integration: The Norwegian case in perspective. Differentiated integration: The Norwegian case in perspective is a Jean Monnet-module, co-funded by the European Union's Erasmus+ programme. The module runs in the autumn semester in the period 2018-21. Please consult the module website for further information: https://www.ntnu.edu/differentiated-integration
- EUR 2915 History of European integration (BA-level, 7.5 ECTS)
- EUR 1001 Introduction to the European Union (BA-level, 7.5 ECTS)
- EUR 38001/38002 Report from candidates in practice (MA-level, 15/30 ECTS)
RECONNECT: Reconciling Europe with its Citizens through Democracy and the Rule of Law
RECONNECT focuses on the impact of potential inconsistencies arising between the EU Treaty principles of democracy and the rule of law, and the ways these are interpreted and applied across the EU. RECONNECT further aims to understand and explain citizens’ perceptions of democracy and the rule of law, thereby assessing to which extent they align with or diverge from EU principles and practices. By placing citizens at the heart of its research and in order to address these mismatches, RECONNECT will formulate policy recommendations, develop communication strategies and propose Treaty changes, with the aim of enhancing the EU’s legitimacy.
RECONNECT is a four-year Horizon 2020 multidisciplinary research project led by the Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies at KU Leuven. It is joined by 17 academic partners from 14 countries. www.reconnect-europe.eu
Economic integration in Western Europe: EFTA-EC relations from 1973 to 1994. Based on primary sources from the EFTA and EC archives, this project analyses the development in EFTA-EC relations as they developed from the 1972/73 free trade agreements to the 1994 European Economic Area.
Distant voices. Ideas of democracy and the Eurozone crisis. This joint research effort, conducted by nine researchers from six countries, investigated the impact of the European crisis on ideas of national and EU democracy in six European countries: Iceland, Portugal, Greece, Hungary, Turkey and Norway. The results appeared in an edited volume, published by Akademika publishing in 2013: https://www.bestselgerklubben.no/_faglitteratur/samfunnskunnskap/distant-voices-9788232103546.
Together with Kristine Graneng, I produce the podcast Det europeiske kvarter, which focuses on the history and politics of the EU. The podcast has a Facebook-page where we post literature references and supplementary information.
- Academic Programme Director, NTNU European Studies (2021 - )
- Visiting Professor, Department of Religion, Philosophy and History, University of Agder (2021 -)
- Board member, The Holberg Board (2020 - )
- Elected safety representative, Department of historical and classical studies, NTNU (2020)
- Coordinator of the Jean Monnet module Differentiated integration: The Norwegian case in perspective (2018-21)
- Board member, Centre Universitaire de Norvège à Paris (2017-)
- Membre du Conseil de la Fondation Jean Monnet pour l'Europe (2017-)
- Member of the programme council for the NTNU programmes in European studies (2015-)
- Member of the Research Council of Norway's reference group Europe in a changing world, Horisont 2020 (2015-2019)
- Head of the NTNU MA programme in European Studies (2009-2013)
- Head of study programme council, European Studies, NTNU (2009-2011)
- Elected board member, Department of History and Classical Studies, NTNU (2009-2013)
- Member of the Mid-Norway European Office resource group (2012-2016)
- Member of the EEA Review Committee (2010-2012). The EEA Review Committee was a broad-based independent committee of twelve researchers appointed by the Norwegian Government in 2010 to undertake a thorough, research-based review of the EEA Agreement. The committee submitted its report in 2012:
- EUR2915 - History of European Integration
- EUR1001 - Introduction to the European Union
- EUR3001 - Master's Thesis in European Studies
- EUR2900 - Bachelor's Thesis in European Studies
- EUR2101 - Norway in Europe
- EUR3801 - Internship 1
- EUR3802 - Internship 2
Scientific, academic and artistic work
Displaying a selection of activities. See all publications in the database
- (2021) E-democracy and the European Union: input and output legitimacy through information and communication technology - Guest editorial. Transforming Government: People, Process and Policy. vol. 15 (3).
- (2020) The Legitimacy of the EU in Historical Perspective: History of a Never-ending Quest. European Papers (EP). vol. 5.
- (2015) EFTA's quest for free trade in Western Europe (1960-92): Slow train coming. EFTA Bulletin.
- (2005) Walter Hallstein and the promotion of European union. Historische Mitteilungen der Ranke-Gesellschaft.
- (2002) In Quest of Time, Protection and Approval: France and the Claims for Social Harmonization in the European Economic Community, 1955-56. Journal of European Integration History. Revie d’Histoirce de l’Intégration Européenne. Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Europäischen Integration. vol. 8 (1).
- (1999) The Danish Government's decision to enter the EEC. Skrifter.
- (2019) Norge i Europa. Fagbokforlaget. 2019. ISBN 9788245023565.
- (2013) Distant Voices. Ideas on democracy and the Eurozone crisis. Akademika forlag. 2013. ISBN 978-82-321-0354-6.
Part of book/report
- (2021) The EFTA Enlargement. The Palgrave Handbook of European Referendums.
- (2018) Norwegian Euroscepticism Revisited. The Gap Between Policy and Practice. European Integration and New Anti-Europeanism III.
- (2018) The European Free Trade Association. Formation, Completion and Expansion. Formes d'Europe. Union européenne et autres organisations.
- (2017) Integration From The Outside: The EC and EFTA from 1960 to the 1995 Enlargement. European Enlargement across Rounds and Beyond Borders.
- (2015) Sakskoblinger i EØS-forhandlingene (1990-91). Interessekonflikter i norsk handelspolitikk / Arne Melchior og Ulf Sverdrup (redaktører).
- (2013) Crisis and convergence: Norwegian parliamentary debate on the EU. Distant Voices. Ideas on democracy and the Eurozone crisis.
- (2013) Distant Voices. Ideas on democracy and the Eurozone crisis: Introduction. Distant Voices. Ideas on democracy and the Eurozone crisis.
- (2012) Historisk utvikling av Norges avtaler med EU. Utenfor og innenfor. Norges avtaler med EU. Utredning fra utvalg oppnevnt av Utenriksdepartementet 7. januar 2010 (Europautredningen). Avgitt til Utenriksdepartementet 17. januar 2012.
- (2011) In Search of Influence. Norway's 1994 Referendum on EU Membership. Ideas of Europe in National Political Discourse.
- (2010) Norway's 1994 Quest for EU Membership. Ideas of National Culture and Europe in Norwegian Political Discourse. National Cultures and Common Identity. A Challenge for Europe?.
- (2008) The Origins of Community information policy: Educating Europeans. The History of the European Union. Origins of a trans- and supranational polity 1950-72.
- (2006) The Rise and Fall of the French Demand for Social Harmonization in the EEC, 1955-1966. Quelle(s) Europe(s)? Nouvelle approches en histoire de l'intégration européenne Which Europe(s)? New Approaches in European Integration History.
- (2004) Norwegian Attitudes to Membership in the European Union. Public Opinion and Europe. National Identities and the European Integration Process.
- (2019) Ideas of democracy and the rule of law across time and space: Developments in the EU, Poland and Italy (With Cristina Fasone and Tomasz T. Koncewicz). 2019.
- (2004) The Rise and Fall of the French Demand for Social Harmonization in the EEC, 1955-1966. 2004. ISBN 82-7765-051-5.
- (1997) Danish policy towards Western Europe 1957-1963. 1997. Working Paper (16).