HBIOA2001 - Introduction to Pathology


Examination arrangement

Examination arrangement: Written school exam
Grade: Letter grades

Evaluation Weighting Duration Grade deviation Examination aids
Written school exam 100/100 4 hours

Course content

General cytology: Diagnostic cytology of PAP smear, cytology screening program, hormonal cytology, infections and inflammation, cytopreparatory techniques.

Histology: Basic histological/histochemical techniques. Fixation and fixatives, tissue processing, parafin sections and tissue staining. Identify major organ systems morphology in microscope.

Pathology: Illness and disease, basic pathology, disease mechanisms and systematic pathology.

Learning outcome

Knowledge - the student:

  • have knowledge about disease processes in organ systems and cellular level
  • have knowledge about cellular and tissues from sampling and preparation until the samples are ready for diagnosis
  • have acquired knowledge and identify different epithelialcells and tissue microscopic appearance
  • have knowledge of the most common disease groups and disease mechanisms
  • have acquired basic and practical knowledge of pathology, as screening PAP smears and make paraffin sections

Skills - the student:

  • is able to identify morphological normal tissue from the major organ systems
  • is able to understand how cells and tissues together form the functional units and agencies
  • is able to reflect on the relationship between organs histological structure and disease processes
  • understand how and why the use of histological and cytological techniques can be helpful for diagnosis.

General competence - the student:

  • is able to understand and identify normal and cells with inflammation in PAP smears
  • is able to communicate about professionals topics within this field

Learning methods and activities

Lectures, compulsory participation in laboratory exercises in histology and cytology.

A workload of 200 hours is expected in the course. It includes up to 60 hours of guided teaching and 16 hours of laboratory courses.

Practical test must be passed before examination.

Compulsory assignments

  • Lab assignments
  • Practical assessment

Further on evaluation

Mandatory laboratory exercises in histology and cytology. Practical passing test. Both must be completed and approved in order to be eligible for the written exam.

Approved mandatory work requirements are valid for four semesters.

Re-sit exams can be changed to an oral exam.

Specific conditions

Admission to a programme of study is required:
Biomedical Laboratory Science (BBIOING)

Course materials

Oddvar Næss Sykdomslære og patologisk anatomi 6.utg (2012)

Credit reductions

Course code Reduction From To
BI201605 7.5 AUTUMN 2021
HBIOA1007 7.5 AUTUMN 2021
More on the course



Version: 1
Credits:  7.5 SP
Study level: Intermediate course, level II


Term no.: 1
Teaching semester:  SPRING 2025

Language of instruction: Norwegian

Location: Ålesund

Subject area(s)
  • Medical Laboratory Technology
Contact information


Examination arrangement: Written school exam

Term Status code Evaluation Weighting Examination aids Date Time Examination system Room *
Autumn UTS Written school exam 100/100 INSPERA
Room Building Number of candidates
Spring ORD Written school exam 100/100 INSPERA
Room Building Number of candidates
  • * The location (room) for a written examination is published 3 days before examination date. If more than one room is listed, you will find your room at Studentweb.

For more information regarding registration for examination and examination procedures, see "Innsida - Exams"

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