PK6032 - Safety demonstration of novel solutions


New from the academic year 2023/2024

Examination arrangement

Examination arrangement: Home examination
Grade: Letter grades

Evaluation Weighting Duration Grade deviation Examination aids
Home examination 100/100 3 days A

Course content

  • Definition and interpretation of key concepts and requirements in IEC 61508 and related standards, like IEC 61511. Selected topics from the Norwegian Oil and Gas guideline GL 070 may also be addressed, as an example of a how an industry guideline may be developed with basis in international standards.
  • The implementation of functional safety management for safety-critical systems, in design phases as well as in operation
  • Relationship between risk acceptance, reliability target measure, and reliability requirement for safety-critical functions.
  • Definition and interpretation of safety integrity level (SIL), and the principle distinction between SIL requirement and design according to the SIL requirement.
  • Methods for deriving at SIL-requirements, including risk graph, layers of protection analysis (LOPA), and minimum SIL (the latter is the method advocated in GL 070).
  • Definition and interpretation of reliability target measures like probability of failure on demand (PFD) and failure frequency (PFH), and their link to SIL requirements.
  • Definition and interpretation of specific measures to achieve reliable hardware architectures (architectural constraints).
  • Methods and models for preparing for and assessing the reliability of safety-critical functions, including:
    • Functional analysis
    • Failure modes and effects analysis, with focus on the application of FMEDA.
    • Methods and models for quantification of PFDavg and PFHavg, including reliability block diagrams, fault trees, Markov methods. The derivation of formulas that are presented in IEC 61508, part 6, is also included.
    • Estimation and/or selection of values for common cause failures (CCFs) parameters
    • Application of the PDS method, as a special case of reliability assessments
    • Reliability implications of imperfect testing, with focus on the effects of partial stroke testing.
    • Loss of production measures, with focus on models for quantifying the spurious trip rate.
    • Choice of reliability data sources
    • Follow-up of SIL requirements in operation
  • Relationship between security analyses, RAM analyses, and SIL analyses
  • Requirements to the development of software for application programs.

Learning outcome

Knowledge: The course will give a thorough understanding of concepts, requirements, and methods used in relation to reliability assessments of safety-critical systems, within the frames of standards like IEC 61508. More specifically, the participants will learn about (i) types of safety-critical systems, (ii) key requirements in IEC 61508 and related standards, (iii) methods to use for the derivation of safety-integrity level (SIL) requirements, (iv) constraints for the selection of hardware and software design in light of SIL-requirements, (iii) commonly used methods for reliability assessment, including the selection of data and considerations to uncertainty .

The main case studies used to support the lectured material are taken from the oil and gas industry, and in to some extent also from machinery systems. The participants are welcomed to also introduce other case examples, in light of their working area.

Skills: The participants shall be able to carry out reliability assessments for commonly used architectures of safety-critical systems, including to judge and select among the different methods in light of own competence, system properties and availability of data. If the PDStools is introduced in the course, the participants will get the opportunity to learn the basic features of this tool and how to use it for practical case studies. In addition, the participant will get experience in navigating the standards, including to identify where the key requirements and methods are presented. The participants will also get some experience in selecting and judging the relevance of different data for the assessment (manufacturer data vs OREDA data as an example).

General competence: The participants should after this course have a good understand about how reliability assessments may impact decision-making regarding design and operation of safety-instrumented systems and in addition to understand how the requirements about performance of the systems is related to safety-barrier management for the facility.

Learning methods and activities

The course is split into two separate physical seminars. The first seminar is three days and the second seminar i is two days. In the period between the two seminars, the participants will work on a project, where the aim is to use the lectured theory with a case study of relevance for the participant. In this intermediate period there will also be a one day digital seminar. Some tutorials with solutions are also posted.

The project is completed after the second gathering, so that also lectured material from there can be adapted with project tasks.

The students must bring own computer.

Further on evaluation

Home exam that requires the use of digital aids through the use of the system INSPERA. Weighted 100 out of 100. Support material: A. Form of assessment may be changed to oral in case of a re-sit exam

Specific conditions

Admission to a programme of study is required:
Continuing Education, Faculty of Engineering Science and Technology (EVUIVD0)
Technology Management and Digital Transformation (MTDO)

Required previous knowledge

Credit reductions

Course code Reduction From To
PK6033 6.0 AUTUMN 2023
More on the course



Version: 1
Credits:  7.5 SP
Study level: Further education, higher degree level


Term no.: 1
Teaching semester:  SPRING 2024

Language of instruction: Norwegian

Location: Trondheim

Subject area(s)
  • Safety, Reliability and Maintenance
Contact information
Course coordinator: Lecturer(s):

Department with academic responsibility
Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering

Department with administrative responsibility
Pro-Rector for Education


Examination arrangement: Home examination

Term Status code Evaluation Weighting Examination aids Date Time Examination system Room *
Spring ORD Home examination 100/100 A INSPERA
Room Building Number of candidates
  • * The location (room) for a written examination is published 3 days before examination date. If more than one room is listed, you will find your room at Studentweb.

For more information regarding registration for examination and examination procedures, see "Innsida - Exams"

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