TFY4220 - Solid State Physics

About

Examination arrangement

Examination arrangement: Written examination
Grade: Letters

Evaluation form Weighting Duration Examination aids Grade deviation
Written examination 100/100 4 hours C

Course content

Atomic structure; Order and disorder, Lattices and unit cells, Crystal directions and planes, Non-crystalline structures, Interatomic bonding, Van der Waals solids, Metallic solids, Ionic solids, Covalent solids, Symmetry, Reciprocal space, Brillouin zones, Structure determination. Lattice vibrations; The continuum approximation, Vibrations of periodic systems, Quantization of vibrational modes: Phonons, Crystal momentum, Heat capacity, Anharmonicity. Static electron systems; Free electron gas, Fermi-Dirac distribution, Electrons in periodic solids, Nearly-free-electron model, Brillouin zones and energy bands, Tight-binding approximation. Dynamic electron systems; Free-electron gas, Periodic solids, Intrinsic semiconductors, Extrinsic semiconductors. Short on magnetism.

Learning outcome

Students should gain basic knowledge of solid state physics - crystal structures, diffraction and reciprocal lattice, bonding in crystals, phonons and thermal properties of materials, free electron model, energy bands and semiconductors.
This means that the students should
- know and recognize the different crystal structures and understand basic crystallography
- know how we study crystalline materials with diffraction, know what Brillouin zones, Ewald sphere and scattering amplitudes are
- learn what a reciprocal lattice is and how we use it
- know about different types of bonding in materials
- know what phonons are and be able to find dispersion relations for one-dimensional lattices
- learn about heat capacity and the different thermal properties related to phonons
- learn about the free electron model
- understand weak periodic potentials and the introduction of Bloch functions
- understand energy bands, energy gaps and semiconductors, learn about pn-junctions and principles of semiconductor technology
- know what a Fermi surface is, and principles of how to find such.

Learning methods and activities

Lectures, home work problems and mandatory laboratory exercises. A re-sit examination may be changed from written to oral.

Compulsory assignments

  • Laboratory exercises

Specific conditions

Exam registration requires that class registration is approved in the same semester. Compulsory activities from previous semester may be approved by the department.

Course materials

Charles Kittel: Introduction to solid state physics, 8th ed., Wiley.
Alternative/supplementary literature: Hemmer: Faste Stoffers fysikk, 2. edition 2013.

Credit reductions

Course code Reduction From To
SIF4052 7.5
TFE4215 7.5 2007-09-01

Examination

Examination arrangement: Written examination

Term Statuskode Evaluation form Weighting Examination aids Date Time Room *
Spring ORD Written examination 100/100 C 2016-05-28 09:00 D3 , Møterom 8 , Møterom 1B , K4
Summer KONT Written examination 100/100 C 2016-08-15 09:00 EL1 , H3 Rom 516 (519) , H3 Rom 511
  • * The location (room) for a written examination is published 3 days before examination date.
If more than one room is listed, you will find your room at Studentweb.