Course - Advanced Guidance, Navigation and Control - TK8109
TK8109 - Advanced Guidance, Navigation and Control
Lessons are not given in the academic year 2022/2023
The course is given every second year, next time Fall 2023.
Guidance, navigation and control (GNC) systems for ships, aircraft, spacecraft and unmanned vehicles including AUV, UAV and USV systems. The course is given as three modules:
- Guidance systems and path planning. Determination of the desired path of travel from the vehicle's current location to a designated target, as well as desired changes in velocity, rotation and acceleration for following that path. Introduction to motion planning based on computational geometry (CG) and optimal control (OC). Analysis of path properties relevant to robotic applications. Conventional path-following algorithms (Dubins paths, clothoids, Pythagorean Hodographs, Fermat’s spirals, splines) followed by state-of-the-art hybrid solutions, which combine CG and OC. Path planning, guidance and control in a a cascaded-systems perspective. Brief overview of line-of-sight (LOS) guidance laws and their variations. Alternative guidance and control architectures, which combines reinforcement learning with optimal control, as well as deep reinforcement learning. Incorporation of collision avoidance algorithms in the aforementioned architectures.
- Navigation systems. Methods for determination of the vehicle's location and attitude with emphasis on advanced inertial navigation systems (INS). Mathematical models for inertial sensors error characteristics including noise, bias, scale factor and cross-coupling errors. Vibration induced inertial measurement errors. Coning and sculling. Angular velocity and specific force sensor outputs versus incremental sensor outputs. Anti-sculling and anti-coning algorithms. Position and attitude representations. Strapdown equations and accurate numerical implementations. INS aiding techniques and sensors. Error state and extended Kalman-filter formulations for integrated navigation systems. Complementary and nonlinear-observer-based navigation filters. Exogenous Kalman filters (XKF) and Invariant extended Kalman filters for navigation.
- Control systems. Advanced motion control systems for vehicles with focus on marine craft and aircraft. Sucessive-loop closure and LOS path-following control. Serret-Frenet coordinates for path following. Target-tracking models for state estimation. Kalman filter design for for estimation of SOG, COG and course rate from GNSS position. Methods for nonlinear autopilot design. Weathervaning control; a passivity approach with practical implementation of a PID weathervaning controller. Moving mass control for AUVs. Control moment gyroscop (CMG) control applied to marine craft and satelittes. Conventional sliding mode control, super-twisting sliding mode control with extensions to nonlinear attitude control on SO(3).
KNOWLEDGE: In-depth knowledge of design and analysis of GNC systems. Focus is placed on path planning, guidance laws and state estimators for navigation systems. This includes inertial navigation systems and aiding techniques. GNC architectures for watercraft, aircraft and unmanned vehicles. Knowledge of inertial sensors and global navigation systems. SKILLS: Be able to model, simulate and implement GNC systems for unmanned underwater vehicles and aerial vehicles, ships, aircraft and satellites. Understand how Kalman filters and nonlinear observers are used to estimate position, velocity and attitude of moving objects. GENERAL COMPETENCE: Skills in applying this knowledge and proficiency in new areas and complete advanced tasks and projects. Skills in communicating extensive independent work, and master the technical terms of nonlinear observer theory. Ability to contribute to innovative thinking and innovation processes.
Learning methods and activities
Lectures, study groups and independent study. Mandatory project report (pass/fail).
Further on evaluation
School exam in writing is the basis for the final grade in the subject. In addition, the mandatory project must be passed. The result for the written exam is given as pass/fail.
Compulsory activities from previous semester may be approved by the department.
Recommended previous knowledge
Background in nonlinear systems, dynamic optimization, kinematics, vehicle dynamics and Kalman filtering.
Required previous knowledge
TTK 4150 Nonlinear Systems, TTK4135 Optimization and Control and TTK 4190 Guidance, Navigation and Control of Vehicles or similar background.
Lecture notes, conference and journal papers.
Credits: 7.5 SP
Study level: Doctoral degree level
Language of instruction: English
- Engineering Cybernetics
Department with academic responsibility
Department of Engineering Cybernetics
- * The location (room) for a written examination is published 3 days before examination date. If more than one room is listed, you will find your room at Studentweb.
For more information regarding registration for examination and examination procedures, see "Innsida - Exams"