TTT4280 - Sensors and Instrumentation


Examination arrangement

Examination arrangement: Aggregate score
Grade: Letter grades

Evaluation Weighting Duration Grade deviation Examination aids
Lab report 25/100
School exam 75/100 4 hours C

Course content

Measurement uncertainty: Bias/random errors; Selectivity/sensitivity; Calibration. Noise analysis: Noise, sources and properties, e.g. Thermal noise, 1/f-noise, shot noise, noise in A/D and DA converters; Modeling of noise in electrical circuits. Sensors and actuators: Static vs dynamic properties of transducers; Transfer functions; Ideal and realistic transducer models; Resolution, linearization, dynamic range, detection threshold. Sensor types: Environment and bio sensors; Fiberoptical sensors; MEMS; Human's sensing organs, etc

Learning outcome

The course will give students a thorough understanding of the theory of measurement uncertainty and how it affects the performance and accuracy of a measurement system. The subject will also provide knowledge of different types of noise in electronic systems. The course will also provide students with in-depth knowledge of the most important measurement principles in acoustic, optical and radio-based sensors. Knowledge: The candidate has - Basic knowledge of the theory of measurement uncertainty and how it is used in practice. - In-depth knowledge of how measurement uncertainty and noise contribute to the performance and accuracy of a sensor system. - In-depth knowledge of the principles of different analog-to-digital converters. - In-depth knowledge about sources of noise in instrumentation circuits, and the characteristics of the different types of noise that occur. - In-depth knowledge of the most important measurement principles used in acoustic, optical and radio-based sensors. Skills: The candidate can - perform calculations of noise and measurement uncertainty in an instrumentation system - Perform practical measurements using sensors, estimate measurement uncertainty, and express it on standard format. - design an instrumentation circuit and analyze its properties such as noise, dynamic range and linearity. General competence: The candidate can - collaborate on conducting practical measurements with various laboratory sensors. - write and deliver exercises and lab reports from laboratory exercises.

Learning methods and activities

Lectures; Guest lectures by industry representatives; Compulsary laboratory exercises with associated lectures and compulsary exercises.

Compulsory assignments

  • Exercises

Further on evaluation

If there is a re-sit examination in August, the examination form may be changed from written to oral. Retakes can be carried out for written school exams without the lab report having to be taken up again.

Course materials

Will be announced at start of course.

More on the course



Version: 1
Credits:  7.5 SP
Study level: Third-year courses, level III


Term no.: 1
Teaching semester:  SPRING 2024

Language of instruction: Norwegian

Location: Trondheim

Subject area(s)
  • Electronics and Telecommunications
Contact information
Course coordinator: Lecturer(s):

Department with academic responsibility
Department of Electronic Systems


Examination arrangement: Aggregate score

Term Status code Evaluation Weighting Examination aids Date Time Examination system Room *
Spring ORD School exam 75/100 C 2024-05-28 09:00 INSPERA
Room Building Number of candidates
SL520 Sluppenvegen 14 30
SL510 Sluppenvegen 14 51
Storhall del 2 Idrettssenteret (Dragvoll) 82
Spring ORD Lab report 25/100



Room Building Number of candidates
Summer UTS School exam 75/100 C INSPERA
Room Building Number of candidates
  • * The location (room) for a written examination is published 3 days before examination date. If more than one room is listed, you will find your room at Studentweb.

For more information regarding registration for examination and examination procedures, see "Innsida - Exams"

More on examinations at NTNU