Pilots and Reactors
Pilots and Reactors
H2 Bio-Oil Pilot Plant
The set-up is customized setup for bench-scale or small pilot process tests in continuous operation with solid feeds. It is possible to combine or separate tests for pyrolysis, fast pyrolysis, hydropyrolysis, hydrogenation, hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) of crude product (bio-oil), catalyst upgrading of pyrolysis products. The setup is constructed mainly with solid feeding components, reactors in series, condensers and on-line instruments for monitoring.
Two-stage reactor/ hydrodeoxygenation reactor
Two consecutive fixed-bed reactors are connected in series configuration, mainly for small scale tests. The setup is constructed with purpose for fast screening catalyst, tailoring catalyst performance and providing preliminary process information for larger scale or continuous operation of pyrolysis and upgrading reactions in coupled sequence. For example, non-catalytic hydropyrolysis can conducted in the first reactor and ex-situ catalytic up-gradation then can be carried out in the second reactor. Or the setup can be configured for hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) of simulated bio-oil or liquid product from pyrolysis. The fast pyrolysis and fast pyrolysis with catalytic upgrading of volatiles processes on a fixed bed reactor yields product mix: gas, liquid and solid, and the compounds of liquid and gas phase
Pyrolyzer-Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (Py-GC/MS)
The Py-GC/MS is customized instrument, constituting mainly a Micro-Pyrolyzer (EGA/PY-3030, Frontier Laboratories), a gas chromatographer (Agilent 7820A) (GC) and a mass spectrometer (5977E) (MS).
The Py-GC/MS is particularly valuable for screening reaction conditions and catalysts and fast qualitatively analyzing complicated compositions of gas and liquid products from catalyst or non-catalyst pyrolysis of lignin. With small quantities consumed per analysis, the technique provides an easy and efficient solution to analyze various large molecules with high boiling points.
- (b) Simulates fast catalytic pyrolysis
- (c) Simulates fast pyrolysis and fast pyrolysis coupled with the catalytic upgrading step
Gas Chromatography (GC) with FID and TCD
Gas chromatographer equipped with a Flame Ionization Detector (FID) and Thermal Conductivity Detector (TCD).
Type of instrument: Agilent G7820A GC System.
Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS) for liquid analysis
Type of instrument: GC-Agilent 7820A, MS-5977E