Background and activities

Carine Germond joined NTNU in 2016. She teaches in the BA European Studies and Foreign Languages and MA European Studies and supervises undergraduate and postgraduate theses on any topics related to European integration history and politics. She co-leads the European Studies Research Cluster and the affiliated research group “Trust in European Governance” (TRUST). She led the European Studies Programme between 2017 and 2019.

Her research addresses historical and contemporary political actors and processes that have had an impact on important developments in international and European history. It covers key areas of (1) diplomatic and political history of 20th century Europe, with a focus on the role of individual leaders in Franco-German cooperation during the Cold War period and from the 1990s onwards; and (2) transnational history, with an emphasis on the role of experts and transnational societal actors in policy-making processes across several decades within the EU’s Common Agricultural Policy and in the European Parliament. In her research, she has used a range of methods of historical analysis, especially multi-archival comparative, cross-disciplinary and transnational approaches.

Her current and planned research projects are chiefly driven by her interest in (a) the role of leading political figures and experts in political processes, (b) the role of state and non-state actors in transnational policy-making; (c) the emergence and growing significance of transnational cooperation patterns among and across states and non-state actors and (d) the transnational political and societal forces that have contributed to the evolution of International Organizations (IOs), including the European Union.

Her research projects are structured around four main research themes:

Research theme 1: State Actors, Bilateral Relations and European Cooperation

  • Franco-German bilateral relationship and its role in European cooperation from the Cold War period to the present
  • Post-war European integration history


Research theme 2: The Role of Transnational Societal Actors

  • Farm interest groups and the reform of the Common Agricultural Policy, 1967-1992
  • Transnational expert networks and agricultural policy in International Organizations in the long 20th century
  • Trust in Experts and Expert Governance in Europe


Research theme 3: Understanding the Evolution of the European Parliament

  • The EPP Group in the (elected) European Parliament and its contributions to European integration
  • The EP and the Common Agricultural Policy
  • The AGRI Committee and agricultural policy reform


Research theme 4: Women in European Political Integration

  • Women in agriculture: gendered roles and transnational mobilization
  • Parliamentary trailblazers for Women? Female MEPs in the European Parliament”
  • The Women who made Europe. A Gendered History of the European Union

She was awarded her M.Phil. and PhD degrees in Contemporary History from the University of Strasbourg. She also holds an MA and a BA in German Studies from the University François Rabelais in Tours, France.

She held a part-time professorship at the EUI (2018-2019) and worked as a (tenured) Assistant Professor in Contemporary European and International History at Maastricht University (2009-2016) in the Netherlands where she taught in the European Studies programme at both BA and MA levels. She was also the first recipient of the Clifford Hackett Lectureship in the History of European Integration at Yale University (USA) where she taught European integration to History and Political Science majors between 2005 and 2007.

She has received distinguished fellowships from a variety of institutions across Europe. She was a Research Fellow at the Netherlands Institute for Advanced Study (NIAS) in Wassenaar, a (senior) Marie Curie Fellow at the University of Portsmouth, a Jean Monnet post-doctoral Fellow at the European University in Florence,  and a Research Fellow at the German Historical Institute in Paris. She also held a three-year doctoral fellowship from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) at the University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany.

She has been an expert consultant for various EU institutions and regularly contributes to the media on EU issues and politics.

Scientific, academic and artistic work

Displaying a selection of activities. See all publications in the database

Journal publications


  • Bardi, Luciano; Gagatek, Wojciech; Germond, Carine; Johansson, Karl Magnus; Kaiser, Wolfram. (2020) The European Ambition. The Group of the European People’s Party and European Integration. Nomos. 2020. ISBN 978-3-8487-6767-0.
  • Germond, Carine S.. (2014) Partenaires de raison? Le couple France-Allemagne et l'unification de l'Europe, 1963-1969. 2014. ISBN 978-3-486-78029-1.
  • Germond, Carine S.; Türk, Henning. (2008) A History of Franco-German Relations in Europe: From “Hereditary Enemies” to Partners. Palgrave Macmillan. 2008. ISBN 978-0-230-61663-9.

Part of book/report

  • Germond, Carine. (2019) Agriculture with a Social Twist. Vocational Education and Training in the Common Agricultural Policy. Education and Public Policy in the European Union. Crossing Boundaries.
  • Germond, Carine. (2018) Alliance and Independence. The Role of the United States in Charles de Gaulle's European Policy. Deutschland, Frankreich und die USA in den 'langen' 1960er Jahren. Ein transatlantisches Dreieckverhältnis.
  • Germond, Carine S.. (2014) Expertise, Information and the Common Agricultural Policy. The Role and Influence of European Farm Organizations. The politics of information : the case of the European Union.
  • Germond, Carine S.. (2013) Preventing Reform? Agricultural Interest Groups and the Common Agricultural Policy. Societal Actors in European Integration. Polity-Building and Policy-Making 1958-92.
  • Germond, Carine S.. (2012) Dynamic Franco-German Duos: Giscard-Schmidt and Mitterrand-Kohl. Oxford Handbook of the European Union.
  • Germond, Carine S.. (2010) A "Cordial Virtuality"? Charles de Gaulle and the Franco-German Partnership, 1963-1969. Globalizing de Gaulle: International Perspectives of French Foreign Policies, 1958-1969.
  • Germond, Carine S.. (2009) The End of the Cold War and the Unification of the European Continent. A Companion to Europe Since 1945.
  • Germond, Carine S.; Türk, Henning. (2008) Old Foes and New Friends. Historical Perspestives on Franco-German Relations in Europe. A History of Franco-German Relations in Europe: From “Hereditary Enemies” to Partners.


  • Germond, Carine. (2022) New farming landscapes and the European Common Agricultural Policy.Retracing the first FEOGA Guidance Funds (1964-1978)-- A Discussion. New Farming Landscape and the European Common Agricultural Policy . Alcide de Gasperi Research Centre; Firenze. 2022-03-10 - 2022-03-10.
  • Germond, Carine. (2022) The French Presidential Elections of 2022. Frankrikes presidentvalg . Youth Atlantic Treaty Association Norway (YATA) Oslo; Zoom (digital). 2022-04-27 - 2022-04-27.
  • Germond, Carine. (2019) Nikomu neprekážala. Bude von der Leyenová slabá?. null [Tidsskrift]. 2019-07-08.
  • Germond, Carine. (2018) Mayová dostala čas na rozmýšľanie. Nič viac. null [Tidsskrift]. 2018-12-14.
  • Germond, Carine. (2017) Macrona nečaká v únii iba otvorené náručie. null [Tidsskrift]. 2017-05-10.
  • Germond, Carine. (2016) An unenviable task. What to expect from Slovakia’s EU Presidency. [Avis]. 2016-07-03.
  • Germond, Carine. (2016) Holandsko rozhoduje o únii a Ukrajine. [Avis]. 2016-04-06.
  • Germond, Carine. (2016) Holanďania riešia krízy únie. [Avis]. 2016-01-15.
  • Germond, Carine. (2016) Slovensko zvládlo poslednú skúšku v Európskej únii. [Avis]. 2016-12-19.
  • Germond, Carine. (2016) Tulipány uštedrili úder Bruselu. [Avis]. 2016-04-08.
  • Germond, Carine. (2015) Únia to má urobiť ako Francúzsko a Nemecko. Spoločne. [Avis]. 2015-10-08.