Background and activities
With a masters degree in Applied Econometrics from Erasmus University Rotterdam, and a PhD degree in Industrial Design Engineering from Delft University of Technology, I worked as an assistant professor in the Design for Sustainability Program at the Industrial Design Engineering School, TU Delft, the Netherlands, until 2006. In 2004, I was a visiting professor at the International Institute of Industrial Environmental Economics at Lund University, Sweden.
In these years, my research interests include sustainable product innovation research and education, and have until a few years ago mainly focused on the organisational and managerial aspects of successful implementation of sustainable product innovation in the electronics industry. Before that I belonged to the first wave of ecodesign researchers that focused on end-of-life issues for electronics.
As of January 2007, I am professor in product design at the Department of Product Design. Since then, my research interests have broadened or even shifted to include the use phase. The research in my group has in recent years mainly focused on Design for Sustainable Behaviour. We focus on understanding how designers and firms can be facilitated in exploiting opportunities, both environmental and commercial, that may exist in designing products and contexts that make users use products in a sustainable way (or avoid that they use them in an unsustainable way). Three PhD students work/have worked on this: Ida Nilstad Pettersen (finished in May 2013), Johannes Zachrisson Daae (April 2014) and Kirsi Laitala (September 2014).
We aim to integrate insights from interaction design, science and technology studies, stakeholder analysis and environmental psychology in developing research protocols to collect empirical information on users' behaviour, attitudes, habits, beliefs, as well situational contexts, and to carry out practical experiments and develop design concepts. We also aim to understand to what extent and under which conditions firms may take such design strategies as a source for innovating their product portfolios. Case studies, both descriptive and explorative, have been done with firms including Philips, Jøtul, Electrolux and Glen Dimplex Nordic
As of 2014, I supervise two PhD students that focus on sustainable product, system and service design related to avoiding food waste (Marie Hebrok, employed at SIFO) and more specifically related to fresh bakery products (Sofie Østergaard, employed at Cernova AS).
From October 2015, two new PhD students, Faheem Ali and Raphaëlle Stewart, started their PhD project under joint supervision of Dr. Niki Bey (Technical University of Denmark) and myself. They both aim for a double degree from NTNU and DTU, and will jointly work on themes related to implementation of design for sustainability and sustainable business modelling.
In January 2017, another two PhD students, Juana Otero.Camacho and Lucy Chamberling have started their research as part of the Horizon2020 EU Marie Curie ITN CIRCUIT, a training network of 15 PhD students across 7 universities in the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, France and the UK, aimed at designing circular economy-based product-service systems. In this project, we are responsible for the end-use perspective, focusing on user understanding and how to use this in CE based PSS development, as well as how to communicate this back to user.
In April 2017, my newest PhD student Saara-Maria Kauppi will start her doctoral research as part of a ERANET-LCA cofunding project, focusing on designing food products based on insects and insect-protein, based on true understanding of user perspectives.
I the past I have also supervised Bijan Aryana (finished in May 2013); his research explored design for country-specific customisation of smart phones, in collaboration with LG Electronics. In 2012, my two former PhD students Elli Verhulst and Silje Aschehoug defended their dissertations; Elli researched how addressing human factors such as resistance and empowerment facilitate or complicate a sustainable design implementation process based on case studies in eight firms. Silje researched the availability, relevance and accessibility of information sources, that are relevant to sustainable design and manufacturing. Her work was based on case studies in the Norwegian automotive and furniture industry.
In my Delft years I have also co-supervised PhD research on topics such as ecodesign management, probing and learning in the fuel cell industry, and sustainable packaging design.
I am also affiliated to NTNU's Industrial Ecology program; In the academic year 2008/2009 I acted as interim director for this multidisciplinary international master, PhD and research program.
From 2013-2017, I was Head of Department for the Department of Design. From August 2017, I contribute to the Faculty of Architecture and design as Vice-Dean for Research.
Scientific, academic and artistic work
A selection of recent journal publications, artistic productions, books, including book and report excerpts. See all publications in the database
- (2019) Exploring “Company Personas” for Informing Design for Sustainability Implementation in Companies. Sustainability. vol. 11 (2).
- (2018) Consumption in the Circular Economy: A Literature Review. Sustainability. vol. 10 (8).
- (2018) Marketing Approaches for a Circular Economy: Using Design Frameworks to Interpret Online Communications. Sustainability. vol. 10 (6).
- (2018) Architect, Catalyst, Advocate, and Prophet: A Four-Lens View of Companies to Support Ecodesign Integration. Sustainability. vol. 10 (10).
- (2018) Occupant engagement in the office environment: role assumptions about the building manager. Facilities. vol. 36 (11/12).
- (2017) Household food waste: Drivers and potential intervention points for design – An extensive review. Journal of Cleaner Production. vol. 151.
- (2016) Design for Sustainability and Project Management Literature–A Review. Procedia CIRP. vol. 48.
- (2016) Exploration of the Barriers to Implementing Different Types of Sustainability Approaches. Procedia CIRP. vol. 48.
- (2016) Burning for sustainable behaviour. Journal of Design Research. vol. 14 (1).
- (2015) Users’ participation in requirements gathering for smart phones applications in emerging markets. Universal Access in the Information Society. vol. 14 (2).
- (2015) From best practices to bridges for a more sustainable future: advances and challenges in the transition to global sustainable production and consumption: Introduction to the ERSCP stream of the Special volume. Journal of Cleaner Production. vol. 108 (Part A).
- (2015) Firing up sustainable behaviour. Proceedings of the International Conference on Engineering Design. vol. 1 (80-01).
- (2015) Making Clothing Last: A Design Approach for Reducing the Environmental Impacts. International Journal of Design. vol. 9 (2).
- (2015) A classification of user research methods for design for sustainable behaviour. Journal of Cleaner Production. vol. 106.
- (2015) Opportunities and challenges for addressing variations in the use phase with LCA and Design for Sustainable Behaviour. International Journal of Sustainable Engineering. vol. 8 (3).
- (2014) Employee Empowerment for Sustainable Design. Journal of Corporate Citizenship.
- (2014) Embracing Social Sustainability in Design Education: A Reflection on a Case Study in Haiti. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research. vol. 58 (2).
- (2014) Challenging interfaces are more fun! Operant conditioning for the interaction designer. International Journal of Learning Technology. vol. 9 (2).
- (2014) Dimensions of behaviour change. Journal of Design Research. vol. 12 (3).
- (2013) Towards a framework for sustainability information in product development. International Journal of Sustainable Engineering. vol. 6 (2).