Background and activities
I am a computational social scientist interested in the modelling and analysis institutions, where institutions are understood as manifestations of social behaviour, such as conventions, norms (i.e., socially enforced behaviour) and rules (e.g., legal rules enforced via laws and regulations). My research includes
- the use of agent-based simulations to analyse and explain observed human behaviour (understanding the functioning of complex social systems),
- the encoding of laws and regulation and their representation in software (how we can make policies accessible to both humans and machines),
- the computational analysis of institutions with respect to their complexity as well as associated dynamics (e.g., evaluating the structure and effect of existing/novel policy, and their interaction with social behaviour),
- the development of technology that performs institutional functions in the real world (e.g., how we can automate the generation of robust smart contracts to solve governance challenges).
As part of my research, I am actively applying and further developing the Institutional Grammar originally proposed by Crawford and Ostrom) as a mechanism to represent institutions of diverse form and kind to make those accessible for computational treatment. Recent efforts include the development of the Institutional Grammar 2.0 as showcased in recent articles (see below) and the book "Institutional Grammar: Foundations and Applications for Institutional Analysis" (co-authored with Saba Siddiki). I am further involved in the Institutional Grammar Research Initiative (IGRI) whose mission is to provide a shared umbrella to all those interested in institutional analysis - irrespective of their disciplinary background (e.g., institutional and policy/legal scholars, social scientists more broadly, computer scientists, policy practitioners) and interests (e.g., theory and methodological development, content analyses, formal analyses, behavioural modeling).
Besides my research, at NTNU I am teaching in the areas of cloud technologies and coordinate the Master in Applied Computer Science Programme (MACS).
Scientific, academic and artistic work
A selection of recent journal publications, artistic productions, books, including book and report excerpts. See all publications in the database
- (2022) A Comparative Study on Apprenticeship Systems Using Agent-Based Simulation. JASSS : Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation. vol. 25 (1).
- (2021) Institutional Grammar 2.0: A specification for encoding and analyzing institutional design. Public Administration. vol. 99.
- (2021) New opportunities for institutional analysis in public administration research. Public Administration. vol. 99 (2).
- (2019) Modelling Norm Dynamics in Multi-Agent Systems. Journal of Applied Logics (JAL-FLAP). vol. 5 (2).
- (2019) Social Preferences in Decision Making Under Cybersecurity Risks and Uncertainties. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS). vol. 11594 LNCS.
- (2019) Quasi-social software as the 'social' in socio-technical design. CEUR Workshop Proceedings. vol. 2398.
- (2019) A Comparison of Two Historical Trader Societies – An Agent-Based Simulation Study of English East India Company and New-Julfa. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS). vol. 11463 LNAI.
- (2018) Comic Strip Narratives in Time Geography. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information. vol. 7 (7).
- (2018) A Pilot Study in Cyber Security Education Using CyberAIMs: A Simulation-Based Experiment. IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology. vol. 531.
- (2022) Institutional Grammar: Foundations and Applications for Institutional Analysis. Palgrave Macmillan. 2022. ISBN 978-3-030-86371-5.
- (2021) Coordination, Organizations, Institutions, Norms, and Ethics for Governance of Multi-Agent Systems XIII. Springer. 2021. ISBN 978-3-030-72376-7. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS) (12298).
Part of book/report
- (2021) Impact of Different Belief Facets on Agents’ Decision—A Refined Cognitive Architecture to Model the Interaction Between Organisations' Institutional Characteristics and Agents' Behaviour. Coordination, Organizations, Institutions, Norms, and Ethics for Governance of Multi-Agent Systems XIII.
- (2021) Impact of Meta-roles on the Evolution of Organisational Institutions. Multi-Agent-Based Simulation XXI.
- (2020) Unleashing the Agents: From a Descriptive to an Explanatory Perspective in Agent-Based Modelling. Advances in Social Simulation. Looking in the Mirror.
- (2019) Inequality: Driver or Inhibitor of Collective Action?. Social Simulation for a Digital Society.
- (2019) Designing Serious Games for Cyber Ranges: A Socio-technical Approach. 2019 IEEE European Symposium on Security and Privacy Workshops (EuroS&PW).
- (2018) Modelling Norm Dynamics in Multi-Agent Systems. Handbook of Normative Multiagent Systems.
- (2018) A Pilot Study in Cyber Security Education Using CyberAIMs: A Simulation-Based Experiment. Information Security Education - Towards a Cybersecure Society.
- (2018) CyberAIMs: A tool for teaching adversarial and systems thinking. International Defence and Homeland Security Simulation Workshop, DHSS 2018.
- (2020) Institutional Grammar 2.0 Codebook. 2020.
- Information and communication technology
- Social norms
- Computational social science
- Agent-based Modelling
- Social Network Analysis
- Institutional Modelling
- Institutional Analysis
- Social Simulation
- Normative Modelling
- Blockchain Technology
- Blockchain-based Governance
- Normative Multi-Agent Systems
- Agent-based Simulation
- Multi-Agent Systems
- New Institutional Economics
- Institutional Grammar
- Policy Analysis
- Policy Modelling
- Institutional Science