Primary metal production

Primary metal production

– Research Domain 2

Primary metal production_text

In order to redesign industrial raw materials, the operation strategy or the process, the fundamental chemical reactions of all sub-processes and their effect on their surroundings must be known.

Small scale studies of fundamental processes

With the research infrastructure and methods available to the centre, the fundamental reactions can be studied and tested in small scale version at laboratories, giving a thorough comprehension that can be transferred to industrial scale innovations.

This includes the study of the thermodynamics, kinetics and mass transfer of the reactions taking place, i.e. a combination of gas and/or liquid and/or solid reactions.


Extensive modelling will be applied on the experimental research, both for the development of new or verification of existing models and as a mean to aggregate the knowledge for industrial use.

Modelling will include micro kinetics of adsorption, diffusion and chemical reactions, and micro and macro scale properties.

Identifying alternative strategies

An open view towards new and alternative processing routes are part of this, pursuing both new raw material strategies and new process steps with a positive impact on energy and materials consumption as well as energy recovery.


Develop fundamental knowledge and competence to support industrial innovations for the next generation processes.

Obtain equal or higher efficiency with lower quality raw materials.

Use new raw materials with lower overall energy consumption and reduced CO2 emissions.

Establish new or improved production concepts, including the use of new raw materials, e.g. natural gas.


Students at RD2


Post Doctorial

Vincent Canaguier. Photo Vincent Canaguier

SiMn process, reactions and kinetics

(Aug 2018 - Aug 2020)



Shokouh Haghdani

Influence of structure on slag viscosity

(Dec 2019 - Dec 2021)



Phd Candidates

Pyunghwa Kim. PhotoPyunghwa Kim

Reduction Mechanisms in the SiMn Process

(Aug 2015 - Aug 2018)



Hossein Salehi. PhotoHossein Salehi

Smelting phenomena of ilmenite

(Oct 2018 - May 2021)



Haley Hoover. PhotoHaley Hoover

Si Production




Sethulaksmy Jayakumari. PhotoSethulaksmy Jayakumari

SiC Formation in Silicon Processes

(Aug 2015 - Oct 2020)



Associated PhD and Postdoc

Karin Fjeldstad Jusnes, RD2. PhotoKarin Fjeldstad Jusnes

Quartz (July 2016-June 2020)




Benedicte B. Samsig. PhotoBenedicte B. Samsig

Charcoal for Manganese Production

(July 2016-June 2019)



Hamideh Kaffash. PhotoHamideh Kaffash

Manganese (July 2016-June 2019)




Raghed Saadieh. PhotoRaghed Saadieh, RD2





RD2 Leader

RD2 Leader


Merete Tangstad. Photo

Merete Tangstad

Professor, NTNU


Metal Production Research Domains

Si Production

Si Production