IMT3950008 - Wayfinding


New from the academic year 2018/2019

Examination arrangement

Examination arrangement: Portfolio assessment

Evaluation form Weighting Duration Examination aids Grade deviation
Portfolio assessment 100/100

Course content

Signage and wayfinding for the built and outdoor environment.

Course topics:
What is wayfinding?
Human factors in wayfinding
Consequences of bad wayfindingsystems
Multi-level strategies for developing wayfinding
Readability, legibility and positioning for signs
Locational, directional and directory signs
User-centered methods for wayfinding
Universal design in wayfinding
Digital and multi-modal wayfinding
Wayfinding in strategic design
Maps for wayfinding

Learning outcome

After completing the module, the student shall be able to analyse existing wayfinding and sign systems. The student shall further be qualified to suggest new wayfinding systems for the users of man-made environments, like for example a university campus, a hospital, a shopping mall or an airport. The student shall be qualified to account for psychological, cognitive, typographical, form and material-related issues in the design of wayfinding systems. The students shall be trained in the design and presentation of wayfinding systems, and shall be aware of universal design considerations in wayfinding. The student shall be informed about the use of – and relation between – traditional and new technology in wayfinding. The student shall be familiar with the importance of a systematic, holistic analysis in the process of designing wayfinding solutions and shall be trained in the use of user-centred methods like personas and scenarios, prototyping and user testing and involvment in the design process.

Learning methods and activities

Lectures, exercises, and group project with weekly supervision (formative-iterative evaluation). Sketches, the work process, and the end result must be documented.

Further on evaluation

Summative assessment at the end of the semester: Passed / failed. The project(s) may then be included in a portfolio for final summative graded assessment (with internal and external examiners) at the end of the third and final year (grades A--F).

Specific conditions

Admission to a programme of study is required:
Graphic Design (BMED)

Required previous knowledge

Typography I, Typography II, Typography III, Strategic design

Course materials

Gibson, David (2009). The wayfinding handbook: information design for public places. New York: Princeton Architectural Press.

Lynch, Kevin (1960). The image of the city. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.

Miller, Colette, and David Lewis (1999). Wayfinding: effective wayfinding and signing systems: guidance for healthcare facilities. London: NHS Estates and Stationary Office. (The campus library has five copies).


Black, Alison, Paul Luna, Ole Lund, and Sue Walker (eds) (2017). Information design: research and practice. London og New York: Routledge.

Mollerup, Per (2013). Wayshowing > wayfinding: basic and interactive. Baden: Lars Müller Publishers.

Relevant klassenummer i NTNU i Gjøviks bibliotek:
302.23 Infodesign, 526, 720.103

Credit reductions

Course code Reduction From To
IMT3950-008 5.0
More on the course



Version: 1
Credits:  5.0 SP
Study level: Third-year courses, level III


Term no.: 1
Teaching semester:  SPRING 2019

Language of instruction: -

Location: Gjøvik

Subject area(s)


Contact information
Course coordinator:

Department with academic responsibility
Department of Design



Examination arrangement: Portfolio assessment

Term Status code Evaluation form Weighting Examination aids Date Time Digital exam Room *
Spring ORD Portfolio assessment 100/100
Room Building Number of candidates
  • * The location (room) for a written examination is published 3 days before examination date. If more than one room is listed, you will find your room at Studentweb.

For more information regarding registration for examination and examination procedures, see "Innsida - Exams"

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