Course - Cryptology - IMT4124
IMT4124 - Cryptology
Examination arrangement: School exam
Grade: Letter grades
|Evaluation||Weighting||Duration||Grade deviation||Examination aids|
|School exam||100/100||5 hours||D|
Introduction - classical cryptography (Shift/Caesar cipher, Vigenere, Beaufort, Enigma, Vernam), basic information theory and unicity distance, security of classical ciphers.
Symmetric ciphers 1 (stream ciphers) - randomness and pseudorandomness, one-time pad versus a keystream generator, period and linear complexity, pseudorandom sequence generators (congruence generators, linear and non-linear feedback shift registers, non-linear filters, non-linear combiners, non-uniform decimation of sequences, examples of stream cipher designs, statistical testing of pseudorandom sequences, cryptanalysis of stream ciphers (the Berlekamp-Massey algorithm, algebraic attacks/immunity, correlation attacks/immunity).
Symmetric ciphers 2 (block ciphers) - definition, permutations of sets of 2^N elements, confusion/diffusion, Feistel ciphers and Substitution-permutation networks, S-boxes and non-linearity (differentially k-uniform mappings), examples of Feistel and SPN designs, cryptanalysis of block ciphers (algebraic attacks, known plaintext attacks (differential and linear cryptanalysis)).
Asymmetric ciphers - definition, intractability and NP-completeness, the Diffie-Helman cryptosystem, the RSA system, primality testing (Legendre and Jacobi symbols, Solovay-Strassen, Miller-Rabin), provable primes and Pocklington Theorem, factorization (Pollard rho), discrete logarithm (the baby step/giant step algorithm, the ElGamal cryptosystem), elliptic curves.
Hash functions and digital signatures - definition of hash functions, basic security properties (one-wayness, second pre-image, collision), basic construction (Davies-Meyer, Merkle-Damgård, sponge construction), applications (integrity check, HMAC), examples of hash function designs, digital signature definition, digital signature with RSA, signing and hashing.
Knowledge: -Possesses advanced knowledge in generating primitive feedback polynomials for application in stream ciphers based on linear feedback shift registers, design of pseudorandom sequence generators based on non-linear combiners and non-uniform decimation of sequences, algebraic and correlation attacks on stream ciphers, constructing highly non-linear S-boxes for application in block ciphers based on differential k-uniform mappings, linear and differential cryptanalysis of block ciphers, primality testing, factoring large integers, discrete logarithm, and elliptic curves, hash function construction methods and security analysis, and various digital signature schemes (RSA, ElGamal, etc.) -Possesses thorough knowledge about theory and scientific methods relevant for cryptology. -Is capable of applying his/her knowledge in new fields of cryptology.
Skills: -Is capable of analyzing existing theories, methods and interpretations in the field of cryptology and working independently on solving theoretical and practical problems. -Can use relevant scientific methods in independent research and development in cryptology -Is capable of performing critical analysis of various literature sources and applying them in structuring and formulating scientific reasoning in cryptology. -Is capable of carrying out an independent limited research or development project in cryptology under supervision, following the applicable ethical rules.
General competence: -Is capable of analyzing relevant professional and research ethical problems in cryptology. -Is capable of applying his/her cryptographic knowledge and skills in new fields, in order to accomplish advanced tasks and projects. -Can work independently and is familiar with cryptographic terminology. -Is capable of discussing professional problems in the field of cryptology, both with specialists and with general audience. -Is capable of contributing to innovation and innovation processes.
Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) addressed by this course
Goal 7, target 7.3, also related to the goal 12, target 2 - double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency / achieve the sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources - by designing fast and efficient cryptographic algorithms, we reduce the energy consumption ensuring at the same time a sufficient level of communication security.
Goal 8, target 8.2 - Achieve higher levels of economic productivity through diversification, technological upgrading and innovation - fast and secure cryptographic solutions that are studied in our crypto courses ensure increased productivity in various economic sectors such as banking, electronic commerce, automation of industrial processes and so on.
Goal 9, target 9.5 - Enhance scientific research, upgrade the technological capabilities of industrial sectors in all countries - studying cryptology as an interdisciplinary science, the students improve their skills and competence in many research fields, such as computer science, mathematics, statistics, etc. This contributes to taking the quality of research and development in their countries of origin to a higher level.
Learning methods and activities
Lectures, Laboratory/Numerical exercises.
The course will be made accessible to both campus and remote students. Every student is free to choose the pedagogic arrangement form that is best fitted for her/his own requirements. The lectures in the course will be given on campus Gjøvik and are open for both categories of students. All the lectures will also be available on Internet through the Blackboard learning management system and Omnom.
Further on evaluation
The written 5-hours' exam counts 100% of the final mark.
Ordinary re-sit examination in August.
Recommended previous knowledge
It is desirable to have at least minimal previous level of knowledge in cryptology (for example, by passing the course IMT4113 Introduction to Cyber and Information Security Technology or equivalent), since this course introduces some advanced topics in cryptology.
Required previous knowledge
1. Cryptography - Theory and Practice, 4. edition, Stinson D., Paterson M., CRC Press, 2018, ISBN: 978-1-138-19701-5.
2. Handbook of Applied Cryptography, Menezes A., http://www.cacr.math.uwaterloo.ca/hac
Credits: 7.5 SP
Study level: Second degree level
Term no.: 1
Teaching semester: SPRING 2024
Language of instruction: English
Location: Gjøvik , Trondheim
- Computer and Information Science
- Information Security
Department with academic responsibility
Department of Information Security and Communication Technology
Examination arrangement: School exam
- Term Status code Evaluation Weighting Examination aids Date Time Examination system Room *
- Spring ORD School exam 100/100 D INSPERA
Room Building Number of candidates
- Summer UTS School exam 100/100 D INSPERA
Room Building Number of candidates
- * The location (room) for a written examination is published 3 days before examination date. If more than one room is listed, you will find your room at Studentweb.
For more information regarding registration for examination and examination procedures, see "Innsida - Exams"