MUST2058 - Live Sound


Examination arrangement

Examination arrangement: Aggregate score
Grade: Letter grades

Evaluation Weighting Duration Grade deviation Examination aids
Practical exam 1/2 1 hours
Home examination 1/2 4 hours

Course content

Practical and theoretical introduction to basic sound ampification. Key topics are: signal flow in audio systems, acoustical challenges and limitations, specification of audio equipment, practical use of microphones for live sound, planning and carrying out concert and theatre sound, esthetics and ideals.The course is aimed at sound technicians and DJs, but also musicians can utilize the expertise in their own live situation

Learning outcome


The candidate

  • has knowledge of the various components of a PA system and how they work
  • are familiar with different specifications of sound equipment
  • knows the basic techniques for processing and tuning sound in a concert situation
  • knows basic knowledge about digital distribution of sound (via Dante)
  • knows the technical terminology related to sound from stage
  • has basic knowledge of sound esthetics and ideals for various musical expressions
  • has basic knowledge of how to include MAX / MSP in a live setting.


The candidate

  • can adapt sound equipment to various constellations of musicians in a concert context
  • can organize equipment based on a technical description (rider)
  • can do sound work at a stage production
  • can distribute audio digitally
  • can recognize common problems for live sound and solve these
  • can communicate with the musicians on stage in a way that enhances the work situation
  • can reflect on his/her work as responsible sound technician at a stage production, and justify technical and esthetic decisions
  • has an overview of the possibilities provided by the inclusion of MAX/MSP.

Learning methods and activities

Practically adapted lectures and exercises: The exercises will be practical work on concert sound, sound installations or similar. Information about exercises and requirements is given in Blackboard at semester start. Teaching is usually conducted in Norwegian.

Compulsory assignments

  • Exercises
  • Satisfactory participation in compulsory classes

Further on evaluation

Practical exam will consist of controlling sound in a public environment, for instance with the use of PA-system. Grades are set on the individual sub-assessments before an overall grade is calculated.

The written exam is a 4-hour home exam. It is in two parts, where the first part is multiple choice tas and the second part is 3-4 free text tasks.

All components of the assessment must be passed. If you fail on one part of the examination you must retake the part which you have failed.

Specific conditions

Required previous knowledge

Requires admission to the Bachelor's programme in Music Technology and passed MUST1053.

Credit reductions

Course code Reduction From To
MUST2056 7.5 AUTUMN 2007
More on the course



Version: 1
Credits:  7.5 SP
Study level: Intermediate course, level II


Term no.: 1
Teaching semester:  AUTUMN 2023

Language of instruction: English, Norwegian

Location: Trondheim

Subject area(s)
  • Music Technology
  • Music Performance Studies
Contact information
Course coordinator: Lecturer(s):

Department with academic responsibility
Department of Music


Examination arrangement: Aggregate score

Term Status code Evaluation Weighting Examination aids Date Time Examination system Room *
Autumn ORD Home examination 1/2





Room Building Number of candidates
Autumn ORD Practical exam 1/2

2023-12-04 - 2023-12-05

Room Building Number of candidates
Spring UTS Practical exam 1/2
Room Building Number of candidates
  • * The location (room) for a written examination is published 3 days before examination date. If more than one room is listed, you will find your room at Studentweb.

For more information regarding registration for examination and examination procedures, see "Innsida - Exams"

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