TBA4231 - Applied Geomatics


Examination arrangement

Examination arrangement: Aggregate score
Grade: Letter grades

Evaluation Weighting Duration Grade deviation Examination aids
School exam 70/100 4 hours D
Two projects 30/100

Course content

Geodesy/Land surveying: Horisontal coordinates and height reference systems, datum, geoid. Classical and modern land surveying instruments (total stations and levelling instruments) and their measuring methods. Satellite geodesy (GNSS/GPS): System description and real time RTK measuring methods. Calculations and mathematical statistics: Methods applied to geomatics. Transformations.

Photogrammetry: Definition, basic concepts. Photogrammetric imagery, image characteristics. Introduction to perspective transformation and reconstruction of stereoscopic models. Map compilation. It will be given a basic introduction to laser scanning and drones for mapping, where both basic theory and practice/demo are included. Before mapping an area, GPS/GNSS measurements are used to establish networks of control points with millimeter accuracy. The control points are marked in order to be recognized in images. In the photogrammetry part of this course, drones/RPAS (Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems) can be used to take images of a test field. The overlapped images will be geo-referenced and linked together to spatial stereo models. From the models, 3D data for GIS or BIM can be produced. Geometric accuracy estimates will be made for all phases, from the GPS measurements to the final 3D data processing.

Learning outcome


The students should have knowledge of:

  • Central coordinate and height reference systems which are in use in Norway and internationally
  • Methods for transformations between various datum, both in height and in the plane
  • The main system structure of and the main measuring methods by using GNSS (GPS) for geo referencing
  • Classical and modern land surveying instruments and techniques
  • Methods of calculations and mathematical statistics applied on tasks within the field of geomatics
  • Basic photogrammetrical principles, such as characteristics of a photograph, stereo vision and stereo measurements, camera and instruments for reconstruction of stereo photographs, and also map construction
  • Sensors, satellites and interpretation in remote sensing
  • Basic principles of laser scanning and drones for mapping


The students are able to:

  • Work and use GNSS equipment for real time measurements
  • Calculate coordinates and heights in reference systems used in Norway, by using measurements from total stations and levelling instruments
  • Carry out basic analysis of accuracy and precision on measured and calculated coordinates and heights
  • Orient the stereo photographs for stereo viewing
  • Carry out collection of field data for map construction and carry out a map construction in a stereo instrument, or by using data from laser or drones

General competence:

The students can:

  • Understand the basic of land surveying, mapping, satellite geodesy (GNSS), remote sensing, laser scanning and photogrammetry, and also the mathematical and statistical basis of the discipline
  • Understand and use professional terminology within the discipline
  • Work independently and in team and take the necessary initiatives
  • Identify common fields between this discipline and other professional disciplines and be open for inter disciplinary approach and cooperation

Learning methods and activities

Lectures. Calculations and laboratory excercises. Field work. The lectures and assignments are in English, as this course is also selectable in International master's programmes.

Compulsory assignments

  • Exercises

Further on evaluation

The written exam accounts for 70% of the final grade and a portfolio of two projects accounts for 30% of the final grade, each part of the assessment is awarded a letter grade. The portfolio includes two reports, one group task (weight 50% of the portfolio grade)- with focus in GNSS and geodesy consisting of calculations and report writing- and one group task (weight 50% of the portfolio grade)- with focus in photogrammetry consisting of drone image mapping. The work on the group tasks start in the middle of the semester. There will be time allocated for supervising and discussions on the tasks. The final reports shall be delivered in Inspera within the set deadline (usually at the end of teaching period). The two reports are evaluated together after the final deadline. Obligatory exercises must be approved in order to attend the exam. If there is a re-sit examination, the examination form may be changed from written to oral exam.

Course materials

J.Uren and W.F.Price: "Surveying for engineers".

An alternative in Norwegian is Skogseth and Norberg: "Grunnleggende landmåling" (Basic land surveying).

Compendia published at the Department.

Credit reductions

Course code Reduction From To
TBA4230 7.5 AUTUMN 2010
More on the course



Version: 1
Credits:  7.5 SP
Study level: Third-year courses, level III


Term no.: 1
Teaching semester:  AUTUMN 2023

Language of instruction: English, Norwegian

Location: Trondheim

Subject area(s)
  • Building Technology
  • Geomatics
  • Road, Transport and Geomatics
  • Building and construction technology
  • Geodesy
  • Nautic
  • Construction Engineering
  • Photogrammetry/Remote sensing
  • Photogrammetry
  • Geotechnical Engineering
  • Geography
  • Map subjects
  • Technological subjects
Contact information
Course coordinator: Lecturer(s):

Department with academic responsibility
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering


Examination arrangement: Aggregate score

Term Status code Evaluation Weighting Examination aids Date Time Examination system Room *
Autumn ORD School exam 70/100 D 2023-12-18 15:00 INSPERA
Room Building Number of candidates
SL111+SL210 Sluppenvegen 14 1
SL415 Sluppenvegen 14 14
Autumn ORD Two projects 30/100 INSPERA
Room Building Number of candidates
Summer UTS School exam 70/100 D INSPERA
Room Building Number of candidates
  • * The location (room) for a written examination is published 3 days before examination date. If more than one room is listed, you will find your room at Studentweb.

For more information regarding registration for examination and examination procedures, see "Innsida - Exams"

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