Background and activities
I'm a social geographer interested in and teaching and researching about children, youth and the structural transformation of their local environments in Africa
I grew up in Ethiopia, in the outskirts of Addis Ababa, witnessing how population growth and urban expansion has altered - in profound ways - the physical environment and field of childhood on which I played, learned and labored. In 1997, I graduated from Addis Ababa University with a BA (Distinction) majoring in Geography and minoring in Demography. After working in two INGO-funded senior secondary schools, I came to Trondheim in 2000 to pursue a postgraduate degree in Development Studies. At NTNU, I developed the interest in research with children, young people and families who are on the margins of society, and political economy. My PhD thesis was on Ethiopian childhoods with specific focus on child labourers, child beggars and orphans where as my post-doctoral research explored the perspectives of AIDS-affected children and family collectives on the interconnected issues of care, work, and livelihoods. I became appointed as an Associate Professor of Childhood Studies in 2010. A key aspect of my research engagements—which now include a study on social transitions into adulthood—was to document the time-space of young people’s livelihood pathways, and situate these pathways within broader frameworks of poverty, development, and rural and urban transformations. In recent years, I have deepened my interests to theorize the themes of childhood and social reproduction in Africa. The aim with this is to contribute to a critical understanding of the complex ways in which boys and girls acquire and transmit knowledge and skills that are vital to reproduce life in their local environments and beyond while simultaneously documenting the material contexts within which such processes of social reproduction take place.
I teach postgraduate courses namely Children and Development in the Global South (BARN 3300), and Methods and Ethics in Childhood Studies (BARN 3201). I also contribute lectures to Geographies of Health and Development (GEOG 3056). In any given year, I supervise upto six MPhil students who undertake research in diverse parts of the world on wide range of topics linked to children, youth, and international development. I also supervise PhD fellows who write their dissertations on youth marginalization and resistance in Brazil (completed 2013), rural childhood poverty in Zambia (ongoing), and children’s perspectives on parenting practices in Ethiopia (ongoing).
I lead the Nordic Network of African Childhood and Youth Research (NoNACYR, funded by NordForsk for the period of 2011-2015), and serve as Editorial Board Member of Childhood: A Global Journal of Child Research, and Children’s Geographies.
Scientific, academic and artistic work
Displaying a selection of activities. See all publications in the database
- (2014) Advancing ethical research with children: Critical reflections on ethical guidelines. Children's Geographies. vol. 12 (1).
- (2014) Qenja: child fostering and relocation practices in Amhara region, Ethiopia. Children's Geographies.
- (2012) AIDS-affected children, family collectives and the social dynamics of care in Ethiopia. Geoforum. vol. 43 (3).
- (2012) Reflexivity and dialogue: methodological and socio-ethical dilemmas in research with HIV-affected children in East Africa. Ethics, Policy & Environment. vol. 15 (1).
- (2011) Dominant Discourses, Debates and Silences on Child Labour in Africa and Asia. Third World Quarterly. vol. 32 (4).
- (2010) Beyond the ‘orphan burden’: understanding care for and by AIDS-affected children in Africa. Geography Compass.
- (2010) Livelihoods, care and the familial relations of orphans in Eastern Afr. AIDS Care. vol. 22 (5).
- (2009) Begging as a livelihood pathway of street children in Addis Ababa. Forum for Development Studies. vol. 36 (2).
- (2009) Child labour in the global South: A review and critical commentary. Barn. vol. 27 (3 - 4).
- (2009) Multiple methods, complex dilemmas: negotiating socio-ethical spaces in participatory research with disadvantaged children. Children's Geographies. vol. 7 (4).
- (2009) Orphanhood, Poverty and the Care Dilemma: Review of Global Policy Trends. Social Work & Society. vol. 7 (1).
- (2009) Social Actors and Victims of Exploitation. Working children in the cash economy of Ethiopia's South. Childhood. vol. 16 (2).
- (2008) Earning a living on the margins: Begging, street work and the socio-spatial experiences of children in Addis Ababa. Geografiska Annaler. Series B. Human Geography. vol. 90 (3).
- (2008) The Ethiopian "Family Collective" and Child Agency. Barn.
- (2008) Trapped between disparate worlds: the livelihoods, socialisation and schooling contexts of children in rural Ethiopia. Childhoods Today. vol. 2 (1).
- (2007) Changing Livelihoods, Changing Childhoods: Patterns of Children's Work in Rural Southern Ethiopia. Children's Geographies. vol. 5 (1-2).
- (2007) Children, AIDS and the politics of orphan care in Ethiopia: The extended family revisited. Social Science and Medicine. vol. 64 (10).
- (2005) Geographical dimensions of AIDS orphanhood in sub-Saharan Africa. Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift.
- (2013) Childhood and Local Knowledge in Ethiopia: Livelihoods, Rights and Intergenerational Relationships. Akademika forlag. 2013. ISBN 9788251928533.
Part of book/report
- (2014) Earning Rights - Discourses on Childrens Rights and Proper Childhood in Ethiopia. Childrens Lives in an Era of Childrens Rights The Progress of the Convention on the Rights of the Child in Africa.
- (2013) Interdependent Rights and Agency: Children's Role in Collective Livelihood Strategies in Rural Ethiopia. Reconceptualizing Children's Rights in International Development: Living Rights, Social Justice and Translations.
- (2013) Migrant children’s portfolio of street-based livelihoods in urban Ethiopia. Childhood and Local Knowledge in Ethiopia: Livelihoods, Rights and Intergenerational Relationships.
- (2013) Children, Intergenerational Relationships and Local Knowledge in Ethiopia. Childhood and Local Knowledge in Ethiopia: Livelihoods, Rights and Intergenerational Relationships.
- (2013) Children’s Knowledge of Local Food Sources and Habits in Southwestern Ethiopia. Childhood and Local Knowledge in Ethiopia: Livelihoods, Rights and Intergenerational Relationships.
- (2013) The Socio-economic Roles of Children in Ethiopian Periodic Markets. Childhood and Local Knowledge in Ethiopia: Livelihoods, Rights and Intergenerational Relationships.
- (2013) Childhood and Parenting Practices in Dilla Town. Childhood and Local Knowledge in Ethiopia: Livelihoods, Rights and Intergenerational Relationships.
- (2012) Orphanhood, Poverty and the Channenges of Care - Review of Global Policy Trends. Orphan Care: A Comparative View.
- (2011) Gendered work and schooling in rural Ethiopia: Exploring working children's perspectives. Not Just a Victim: The Child as Catalyst and Witness of Contemporary Africa.
- (2010) Sik'älla as a Way of Life: Begging, Poverty and the Livelihood Paths of Child Beggars in Addis Ababa. Research in Ethiopian Studies: Selected papers of the 16th International Conference of Ethiopian Studies, Trondheim July 2007, Aethiopistische Forschungen Vol. 72.
- (2008) Changing Livelihoods, Changing Childhoods: Patterns of Children's Work in Rural Southern Ethiopia. Global Childhoods: Globalization, Development and Young People.
- (2011) Young people, participation, and sustainable development in an urbanizing world. 2011.
- (2008) Ethiopian Childhoods: A Case Study of the Lives of Orphans and Working Children. 2008. ISBN 978-82-471-6731-1.