Have you ever wondered why the landscape around you looks the way it does? Would you like to learn more about how the forces of nature work?
Geology is the study of the Earth -- its composition, structure and development -- from its formation some 4.6 billion years ago up the present day. This includes the study of minerals, rocks, fossils and sediments, as well as the physical, chemical and biological processes that affect the Earth's surface and its interior.
In order to exploit geological resources in a sustainable manner, it is important to understand how the Earth has developed over time and how it will develop in the future. We do this by studying the forces and processes that have created the Earth at we know it, both on the surface and at depth.
Geology as a science has evolved from being descriptive to one that relies on qualitative and quantitative methods where data collection, processing and interpretation are dependent on increasingly sophisticated instrumentation and modelling tools. This requires a solid understanding of basic sciences such as mathematics, statistics, information technology, chemistry, physics and biology.