Background and activities
Nuria Espallargas (1979) is a Professor at the Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering. She has a MSc in Chemistry from University of Barcelona (Spain) and a PhD in Metallurgy and Materials Engineering from the same university.
She is also the NTNU leader of the Gemini Centre “Tribology” since 2011.
- Surface chemistry and engineering.
- Tribology and tribocorrosion.
The main motivation is to perform basic research to understand degradation phenomena that starts on metal surfaces exposed to aggressive chemical environment. Under these conditions metals are typically covered by oxides, which greatly affect wear and friction. The focus is to understand the degradation phenomena of materials exposed to chemo-mechanical effects.
Surface engineering is the key to add functionality to surfaces and therefore finding new solutions to materials problems by controlling their surface chemistry is the ultimate goal of my research. In addition, understanding the mechanisms at the nano, micro and macro scale is crucial to solve materials degradation therefore the other goal of my research is to perform testing across scales to design and optimise surface solutions.
Main topics of research projects
- Tribocorrosion mechanisms - coatings and metals.
- Multidegradation - the interaction of tribocorrosion with fatigue.
- Experimental nano-tribology.
- Environmentally acceptable lubricants and water lubrication.
- Coatings and surface treatments for use in tribocorrosive environments.
- Chemical synthesis of ceramic based feedstock materials for thermal spraying.
- 2019: Research group leader (Materials) at the Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, NTNU.
- 2012 – current: Professor, Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, NTNU.
- 2015 – 2016: Visiting Professor, Laboratory for Surface Science and Technology, Dept. of Materials, ETH, Zurich.
- 2014 – 2018: CTO Seram Coatings AS.
- 2009 – 2012: Associate Professor, Department of Engineering Design and Materials, NTNU.
- 2009 – 2014: Scientific Advisor, SINTEF Materials and Chemistry.
- 2019: Portfolio board member of the Research Council of Norway (Enabling Technologies).
- 2019: Editorial board member of the journal Friction (Springer).
- 2016 – current: Associate Editor of the Journal of Tribology (ASME).
- 2015: Editor of the book “Future Development of Thermal Spray Coatings: Types, Designs, Manufacture and Applications”. Woodhead Publishing Ltd (Elsevier). ISBN 9780857097699. doi:10.1016/B978-0-85709-769-9.09987-5.
- 2015 – current: Editorial board of the journal Wear (Elsevier).
- 2014 – current: Editorial board of the Journal of Bio- and Tribo-Corrosion (Springer).
- 2014 – current: Board member of Seram Coatings AS.
- 2013: Editor of the NordTrib 2012 special issue in Wear. “Selected papers from those presented at the 15th Nordic Symposium on Tribology (Nordtrib 2012) Trondheim, June 12-15, 2012”. Wear 308 (1–2) (2013).
- Finalist at the EU prize for Women Innovators (2019).
- Female entrepreneur 2017 (Norway).
- Young innovator award 2015 (Norway). To the best younger entrepreneur woman of Norway in 2015.
- Nominated for the best communicator of NTNU at the “Kom Award NTNU 2015”.
Membership in Academic and Professional Organizations and Committees
- 2019: Member of the International Scientific Committee for the International Conference ROTRIB.
- 2018 – current: Member of the International Tribology Council. Norwegian representative.
- 2016 – current: Member of the Working Party 18 (Tribocorrosion) of the European Corrosion Conference (EUROCORR).
- 2013 – current: Member of the International Advisory Committee of the International Tribo-corrosion Conference organized by International TriboCorrosion Network.
- 2013 – 2017: Norwegian representative and member of the Management Committee of the COST network “Understanding and controlling nano and mesoscale friction” (MP3013).
- 2012 – current: Member of the International Advisory Board of International Tribology Symposium of the International Federation for the Promotion of Mechanism and Machine Science.
- 2009 – current: Member of the Nordic Advisory Board of the Nordic Tribology Symposium (NordTrib).
Selected invited talks at international conferences/workshops
- August 2019: International Conference in Mechanical Engineering (ICOME 2019), Yogyakarta, Indonesia, 28-29 August 2019. “From tribocorrosion to water lubrication”.
- August 2019: PROSIN-konferansen 2019, Arendal and Grimstad, Norway, 12-13 August 2019. “Making possible the impossible – SiC for thermal spray”.
- October 2018: Molecular mechanisms in tribology, Beilstein nanotechnology symposium 2018, Postdam, Germany, 2-4 October 2018. “The Lubrication Mechanisms of Water-Based Fluids”.
- September 2018: Norsk Industri 2018, Bodø, Norway, 26-27 September 2018. “How to make a difference in a 100-years old business”.
- January 2018: TAE’18 –21st International Colloquium Tribology. 9-11 January 2018, Stuttgart, Germany. Key-note speaker: “Surface effects on friction and wear of stainless steels exposed to fatigue, corrosive and lubricated environment”.
- June 2017: The Role of Universities in Innovation – Starmus Festival 2017, Trondheim, Norway, 18-23 June. “From research to innovation”.
- March 2016: WE-Heraeus-Seminar: Mechanisms of Tribology. 29-March to 1-April, Bad Honnef, Germany. Invited speaker: “Effect of surface oxides on friction of metals and ceramic-metallic materials”.
Scientific, academic and artistic work
A selection of recent journal publications, artistic productions, books, including book and report excerpts. See all publications in the database
- (2020) Structural and Phase Elemental Distribution in Pulsed Plasma Coating Deposited with Cemented Carbide Cathode. Journal of nano and electronic physics. vol. 12 (3).
- (2020) Yttrium Aluminum Garnet Powder Feedstock for Atmospheric Plasma Spray. Journal of thermal spray technology (Print). vol. 29.
- (2018) Effect of Contamination on the Friction and Wear of Carboxylic Acids in Aqueous Lubricants. Tribology letter. vol. 66.
- (2018) Friction Mechanisms by Carboxylic Acids in Aqueous Lubricants. Tribology letter. vol. 66 (83).
- (2018) Tribological Behavior of Polymer Seal Materials in Water-Based Hydraulic Fluids. Journal of tribology. vol. 140 (6).
- (2018) Cutter wear mechanisms in hard rock tunnel boring. Geomechanics and Tunneling. vol. 11 (2).
- (2018) A Comparative Tribocorrosion Study of Additive Manufactured and Wrought 316L Stainless Steel in Simulated Body Fluids. Journal of Bio- and Tribo-Corrosion. vol. 4 (9).
- (2018) Rubber friction: The contribution from the area of real contact. Journal of Chemical Physics. vol. 148 (22).
- (2017) In-situ Generated Tribomaterial in Metal/Metal Contacts: Current understanding and future implications for implants. Biotribology. vol. 10.
- (2017) The effect of friction modifiers on tribocorrosion and tribocorrosion-fatigue of austenitic stainless steel. Tribology International. vol. 111.
- (2017) Rubber contact mechanics: adhesion, friction and leakage of seals. Soft Matter. vol. 13 (48).
- (2017) The Role of Oxide Tribofilms on Friction and Wear of Different Thermally Sprayed WC-CoCr. Journal of thermal spray technology (Print). vol. 26.
- (2016) Effect of 4-point bending and normal load on the tribocorrosion-fatigue (multi-degradation) of stainless steels. Tribology International. vol. 99.
- (2016) The role of surface chemistry and fatigue on tribocorrosion of austenitic stainless steel. Tribology International. vol. 103.
- (2016) Effect of atmosphere, temperature and carbide size on the sliding friction of self-mated HVOF WC-CoCr contacts. Tribology International. vol. 101.
- (2016) Elucidating the complex role of surface oxides formed during sliding of self-mated warm sprayed WC-CoCr in different environments. Tribology International. vol. 94.
- (2016) Tribocorrosion studies of metallic biomaterials: The effect of plasma nitriding and DLC surface modifications. Journal of The Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials. vol. 63.
- (2016) Degradation of Zr-based bulk metallic glasses used in load-bearing implants: A tribocorrosion appraisal. Journal of The Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials. vol. 60.
- (2015) Influence of Corrosion on the Abrasion of Cutter Steels Used in TBM Tunnelling. Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering. vol. 48 (1).
- (2015) A metal ion release study of CoCrMo exposed to corrosion and tribocorrosion conditions in simulated body fluids. Wear. vol. 332.