Study structure - Marine Technology (Master's Programme)
<h1 class="display-custom pb-4">Programme structure</h1>
This two-years International master's degree programme in Marine technology offers six specializations to choose from.
This profile combines theoretical and practical understanding of the discipline control engineering, focusing on how other relevant disciplines may be mathematically modelled. Graduates are thus able to develop advanced, automated regulating and monitoring systems for a number of different purposes in offshore operations, ships engineering, and the aquaculture industry. Example arenas for application:
- marine operations
- production, distribution and use of mechanical and electrical energy
- motion suppression of ships and speed boats
- navigation; control and manoeuvring of ships, offshore constructions, and sub-sea vessels
Keywords: Control and manoeuvring of ships and offshore constructions, electrical power generation and distribution, subsea robotics.
Learning knowledge and skills of Marine cybernetics
Marine cybernetics is the study of how marine and maritime dynamical systems can be automatically controlled in order to make them behave according to a control objective in their environment of operation. To be able to develop technological control systems, it is necessary to gain a thorough understanding of the physical process, knowledge of modeling and analysis, skills to design feedback control loops, and skills to implement a monitoring and control system.
After completed study the student shall have knowledge on:
- Mathematical models and modeling of physical marine and maritime systems, described by differential and algebraic equations and represented by state-space models, transfer functions, or hybrid characterizations, and use of simulation models as tools for analysis and problem solving.
- The mean and slowly-varying motions of displacement ships and offshore structures in waves, wind, and currents during sea-keeping and station-keeping operations, and how these motions can be manipulated by control actions from thrusters and rudders.
- How to characterize stability and performance in closed-loop feedback systems, including knowledge of important terms such as linear vs. nonlinear systems, linearization, eigenvalues, Laplace transform, model reduction, time response, frequency response, block diagrams, Bode plots, feedback and feed-forward control loops, observers and Kalman filters, LQR/LQG control designs, and linear and nonlinear control laws.
- Understanding the fundamental topology and architecture of marine control systems, from low-level control of motors and propellers to high-level control and optimization of the marine operations subject to regulatory requirements and user needs.
- How to specify and develop a computer hardware architecture and software programs for implementation of simulators, controllers, and monitoring systems.
- Understanding faults and consequences of failures in marine control systems, linking this to safety requirements from class societies and authorities, design of redundancy and fault-tolerance for improved robustness, and corresponding methods for testing, verification, and certification of fault-detection and failure-handling functions in marine control systems.
- How to utilize the control system to improve and optimize the environmental performance of the marine system with respect to energy consumption, emissions, and pollution, while at the same time enabling profitable operations within acceptable safety levels.
After completed study the student shall have the skills to:
- Develop physical process and control models for a marine application under study, carry out simulations and analyses for evaluation of the dynamic properties of the process models, analyze control issues, design and synthesize control laws and estimator algorithms for the marine application, tune controller parameters, and analyze the resulting stability and performance properties of the closed-loop system.
- Utilize modern modeling and simulation software such as Matlab/Simulink, LabVIEW, and 20-Sim for modeling, simulation, and analysis of dynamic systems.
- Design and implement a (simple) control system for a marine application using a suitable real-time hardware and software platform, including low-level and high-level control loops and human-machine-interfaces.
- Be able to independently carry out small development projects and contribute actively in larger team-work projects.
- Write papers and reports on the analysis, design, implementation, and testing of marine control systems.
- As for the study program.
Students choosing this direction will obtain extensive knowledge in:
- the production of electricity and mechanical output at sea, particularly in combustion engines
- regulation of mechanical systems
- measuring and monitoring of mechanical and thermic magnitudes
- fluid and heat transport
- mechanical fluctuations
Students will learn how to apply their knowledge on designing and dimensioning of machinery installations on ships and offshore platforms. Key skills are analyzing, modeling and simulating machinery systems mathematically.
Keywords: Environmentally friendly energy consumption, production of electrical and mechanical energy, transportation of fluid and heat, fuel and combustion, cargo handling, instrumentation and measuring techniques.
Learning knowledge and skills of Marine Engineering
Marine Engineering covers the design, installation and operation of machinery systems on ships and offshore platforms, including the internal combustion engine. It covers a wide variety of systems, including the propulsion plant, electric power generation and auxiliary systems such as cooling, lubrication, cargo handling, and deck machinery. The main issues in this discipline are system design, performance analysis, control and integration for optimal performance and environmentally friendly operation.
The candidate should after having completed the education have:
- Broad and solid basic knowledge from the study program learning objectives which forms the basis for understanding of components, systems and methods applied to design and problem solving in the field of marine engineering including propulsion plant.
- Have in-depth knowledge of at least one of the areas of thermo-fluid, hydraulic, and mechanical systems including strength and vibrations with special focus on system dynamics, control and integration.
- Have good knowledge of internal combustion engines and their main systems with special focus on gas as an energy carrier, reduction of harmful emissions, optimization of the engine system, system dynamics and integration.
- Have good knowledge of mathematical modeling and simulation of machinery systems in general and use of such models as tools for analysis and problem solving.
- Have good knowledge of operation and safety aspects of marine engineering systems, and methods for maintenance planning.
- Have knowledge of the main standards and regulations within the specialization.
- Have knowledge of development of new technology for production of clean energy for propulsion and power.
The candidate should be able to:
- Use the knowledge obtained for development, problem solving and innovation within the specialization.
- Carry out design of machinery systems for different applications and evaluate component and system solutions for efficient, safe and environmentally friendly operation.
- Use modern computing tools and simulation programs for modeling and analysis of dynamic systems within the marine engineering field, including evaluation of results.
The same as for the study program.
The focus of the Marine Hydrodynamics profile includes the discipline hydrodynamics itself and/or its application on marine operations or subsea engineering. The profile options may also be combined with courses from the other profiles Marine structural engineering or Marine cybernetics.
Keywords: Sea loads, oceanography, ship hydrodynamics, marine operations, subsea engineering/technology.
Learning knowledge and skills of Marine hydrodynamics
Marine hydrodynamics is about flow around marine structures, such as ships, various types of offshore structures, fish farming plants, and structures for renewable offshore energy. Waves, wave induced motions and wave loads, as well as resistance and propulsion of ships are important topics.
The candidate shall, after completion of this study profile, have:
- Insight in critical aspects of marine structures, critical response variables and criteria related to safety and operations.
- Good knowledge about environmental effects like wind, waves and current, as well as motion characteristics, natural periods, resonance and instability.
- Have good understanding of the physics of phenomena relevant for current-structure interaction problems.
- Have good understanding of the kinematics and dynamics of surface waves.
- Understand the fundamentals of wave force son structures and how they can be determined.
- Understand the difference between turbulent and laminar flow, the influence it has on the flow pattern around structures and in the wake of marine structures, as well as the resulting forces on the structures.
- Understand the physics of flow resistance on ships and other marine structures.
- Understand the principles of lift on foils and other bodies.
- Understand the working principles of propellers and various types of propulsion systems.
- Understand what cavitation is, what causes it, and its importance for performance of propellers, foils, rudders, and the like.
- Have and overview of various marine structures, ship types, and propeller types and their particular hydrodynamic properties.
The student shall be able to:
- Perform calculations involving linear surface waves
- Perform calculations of wave motions and loads on ships and offshore structures using computer programs.
- Compute natural periods of motion of floating structures.
- To be able to use simple methods in an early design phase in relation to planning of marine operations or control of computer simulations or model tests.
- Compute resistance and required propulsion power of ships in calm water and in waves.
- To do correct choice of main dimensions of a propeller for a given task.
As for the study program.
The aim of this profile is to design and dimension marine structures optimally to fulfill both functional and safety demands. A master level of structural mechanics, is vital to verify testing and analysis and to develop new structures.
This study profile teaches the calculation and estimation of the effects of hydrodynamic and other loads; movements, deformations and internal forces in fixed and floating platforms and ships. Deformations and the strength of constructions are also important calculations, and must be controlled as regards the requirements of the operator and the authorities. Students are also trained in the evaluation of alternative solutions in view of requirements related to function and safety.
Keywords: Stress/tension, deformations and vibrations in constructions, construction analysis, materials and capacity, safety and reliability.
Learning knowledge and skills of Marine Structures
The purpose of your study in structural engineering is to enable you to carry out structural analysis of different types of marine structures, assess the results as well as apply the knowledge and skills to design and dimension marine structures. This includes establishing models for structural analysis, calculating loads and load effects as well as demonstrating that functional and safety requirements are fulfilled.
Students that have completed this study specialisation shall
- Have a deep understanding of key concepts within solid mechanics, such as equilibrium, stresses, strains, basic material laws and stability.
- Master the theoretical basis for analytical prediction of the behaviour of different types of structures, like truss works, frames as well as plates in bending and with in-plane loads.
- Have a good knowledge of the Finite Element Method for structural analysis of different types of structures with linear behaviour and a basic knowledge about nonlinear behaviour due to large deflections and inelastic material behaviour
- Have good knowledge about hydrodynamics and structural dynamics
- Have a good understanding of the loads acting on marine structures including functional and environmental loads, especially from ocean waves, and accidental loads, and how they vary in time and space, and master methods for estimating their effect on structures, including their statistical characteristics
- Have a good understanding of design criteria in general and a detailed knowledge about ultimate and fatigue strength criteria as well as how they are specified in design standards for marine structures
- Have a good understanding about how structures carry loads and how this understanding can be utilised to optimise the design of structures
The student shall be able to
- Carry out sufficiently accurate calculations of structures by using internationally recognised computer programmes based on the Finite Element Method and assess the results, based among other things on the convergence characteristics of the finite elements
- Make simplified estimates of structural behaviour for comparison with the results of finite element analyses to support structural design
- Suggest good design of different types of structures
The student shall
- Have a basic understanding of the behaviour of load carrying marine structures and construction materials
- Be creative, constructive and critical in his engineering endeavour – and especially have a critical attitude to results obtained by computer software of inestimable use,such as e.g.the Finite Element Method.
- Have knowledge as for the marine technology study programme in general
Marine Systems Design involves the developing of systems, composed of multiple elements, meeting end-user's requirements. The aim of this direction, is to give students theoretical knowledge, practical project planning and logistics skills. The focus is primarily on the following application areas:
- Planning and logistics of ships and maritime installations, including sea transport and logistic systems
- Planning and logistics of fishing and aquaculture vessels and coastal industry
- Planning and logistics of sub-sea systems
Keywords: Deciding main dimensions for ships, work out plans for maintenance and operation, operation analysis, logistics and quality management, fleet administration.
Learning knowledge and skills of Marine Systems Design
The specialization Marine Systems Design shall provide the students with knowledge and competence for the design and realization of complex, innovative marine systems, such as ships, marine transportation systems, offshore platforms, offshore logistics and systems for offshore energy production.
The students shall be able to:
- Perform a technical analysis of relevant marine systems, such as stability and hydrostatics, resistance and propulsion, reliability and availability
- For a vessel or fleet, analyze the economic, environmental, risk and safety related performance in a life cycle perspective
- Design and verify systems to be operated in harsh marine environments, with a particular focus on Arctic conditions.
- Use methods from operations research and risk analysis for optimization, simulation and decision support.
- Apply a holistic perspective on the development and realization of marine systems, based on methods from design theory and systems engineering.
Marine system design students shall be able to:
- Develop holistic, complex innovative systems solutions both individually and as part of teams
- Apply relevant ICT tools for computer aided design, technical analyses, optimization, simulation and risk and safety analysis.
- Verify design solutions with respect to regulations and requirements from trade, customers and society as such.
- Efficiently present and communicate the final design solutions and corresponding documentation.
As same as for the study program
Modern ships and offshore oil and gas production plants, are capital intensive. They must fulfill great demands regards risk management, environmental safeguards, and efficiency. It is extremely important that the operations are performed optimally.
The aim of this direction is to provide the operational competence that is needed in most jobs of the marine structures industry. Computer assisted construction (CAC) is a part of the study, when used at shipyards and construction workshops.
Keywords: Efficiency improvement of building processes by using information technology, CAC, quality management, project management, manufacturing and materials engineering.
Learning knowledge and skills of Safety and Asset Managment
The specialization Marine operation and maintenance engineering covers important activities needed to ensure a safe, well-functioning, and environmental friendly system. We focus on marine systems, i.e. ships, offshore oil and gas installations, marine renewable energy production systems, fisheries and aquaculture. Important topics are reliability, availability, maintenance, and safety (RAMS) in a lifecycle perspective.
The student shall:
- Have a deep understanding of key concepts and relationships between reliability, availability, maintainability and safety of marine systems.
- Have good theoretical knowledge of system reliability and availability, and methodology for analysis.
- Have thorough knowledge of maintenance management and methodology for planning of maintenance for marine systems, including reliability-centered maintenance (RCM).
- Know the theoretical basis for risk assessment of marine systems and understand the interaction between man, technology and organization.
- Have a good understanding of the importance of learning from undesired incidents and accidents and be familiar with the most important accident models.
- Have knowledge of the key standards and regulations in the field.
- Have basic knowledge of operating organizations in the shipping and oil and gas industries.
- Have good knowledge of how the operation phase affects a system's cost-effectiveness in a life cycle perspective.
The students shall be able to:
- Perform reliability and availability analysis for components and systems.
- Be able to apply key methods for risk analysis, risk evaluation, control and monitoring of risk.
- Make an assessment of the need for maintenance of various components and systems, and determine the most effective maintenance strategy for these.
- Use appropriate software tools related to reliability - and maintenance analysis.
- Propose and evaluate system solutions for effective operation in the design phase of a system.
- Contribute to building an effective operation management organization in a business.
Same as for the study program.