Background and activities

My PhD project focuses on investigating the challenges faced by students studying in a second language. I am investigating English language reading speed and comprehension among Norwegian university students, and want to know whether this varies depending on the style of language the students are reading and what strategies they develop to deal with unfamiliar vocabulary. Previous studies have shown that people read more slowly in their second language than their native language, even when they are highly proficient in their second language. Therefore I’m interested to know what this means for second language students who need to learn the same amount of information in the same amount of time as peers who are studying in their native language.


Research interests:

  • Second language acquisition
  • Reading in a second language
  • Academic language
  • Metacognitive awareness



  • MPhil English Linguistics and Language Acquisition (NTNU)
  • Bachelor of Arts/Bachelor of Science (Australian National University)


Teaching experience:

  • ENG1201 and ENG6010 English Proficiency (NTNU)
  • ENG1101 and ENG6020 Linguistics (NTNU)
  • ENG1001 and ENG6023 Global English (NTNU)
  • Graduate and undergraduate human anatomy courses (University of Wollongong)
  • Undergraduate human anatomy, nutrition and sports medicine courses (University of Canberra)

Scientific, academic and artistic work

Displaying a selection of activities. See all publications in the database


  • Busby, Nicole Louise. (2016) How does the use of English language teaching resources in Norwegian universities affect students?. Norwegian Graduate Student Conference in Linguistics and Philology (NoSLiP) 2016 ; 2016-10-06 - 2016-10-07.


  • Dahl, Anne; Busby, Nicole. (2015) Too cool for school? Sources of English language acquisition, attitudes, and academic reading ability among Norwegian university students. 2015.