Background and activities
My fields of expertiese relate to thermodynamics of energy storage and conversion systems. Within this, both theoretical and experimental studies are included. Characterising electrochmical systems with respect to both heat and work constitutes one of the back bones in my research. Additionally, I also focus on non-equilibrium thermodynamics with an experiemntal approach to determine the coupling between transport of charge, mass, and heat.
ENERSENSE - a centrally supported research area
ENERSENSE is a strategic research area that focus on the nexus of energy efficiency, energy storage and sensor technology/automation. It is centrally supported from rectors office for the period of 2016-2023. The research ares has three defined themes; Energy efficiency, energy storage, and sensor technology/automation, lead by Prof. K. M. Lien, mysel,f and Drof. D. R. Hjelme, respectivley. I am the leader of ENERSENSE as a centrally supported resaerch area.
Energy storage: According to the international Agency (IEA) more than 80% of the energy supply today is chemically bound and non-renewable (coal, oil and gas). When striving for a society founded on renewable energy, wind and solar energy currently appears to be the most important resources. These technologies offer electric energy that is intermittent, momentaneous, and inadequate for most transportation options. Converting this electric energy into chemical energy (e.g. hydrogen, batteries, and super capacitors) allows for energy systems that supplies energy in the right form, at the right time and at the right place.
Energy efficiency: For the world to meet the target of 2 oC, 50% of our resources and effort should be spent on erngy efficincy, according to the IEA. In Europe, this figure is closer to 67%. Within ENERSENSE we focus on energy efficincy in energy stroage systems, buildings and industrial applications.
Sensor technology: Achieving improved energy storage systems and improved energy efficiency require observation and automation. Within ENERSENSE we focus particularly on developing optical sensors tailored for applications that have harsh conditions, complex environments and small dimensions (20 microns and larger).
Again, ENERSENSE focus on developing research project within the nexus of these three themes and is intended to be developed and grow for the next eight years.
Teaching and guidance
As with my research, the teaching fucuses on thermodynamics and energy storage. This goes with undergraduate courses, bachelor projects, master projects and PhD projects. Occasionally I also give lectures for mid- and high school teachers related to energy conversion, management and storage.
- Professor at NTNU, Jan. 2016 -.
- Professor at HiST, Nov-Dec. 2015.
- Associate Professor at HiST, May 2013 - Nov. 2015.
- Post.doc at NTNU (~2 years), Dep. of Chemistry. Reverse electrodialysis. March 2010-April 2013.
- Post.doc at wetsus (~1.5 years), the Netherlands. Centre of excellence for sustainable water technology. Oct. 2010 – Dec. 2012.
- PhD research at NTNU; Designing and applying one test station for thermal conductivity measurements on fuel cell components and a calorimetric test station fro PEM fuel cells. 2005-2010.
- Supervisor for 6 PhD students (starting in 2010, 2011, 2x2014, 2x2015), and 1 doctoral thesis committee member. 6 additional co-author PhD-supervision examples documented in publications.
- Co-supervisor for 10 Master Students (2006 and 2010, 2011, 2012x3, 2013, 2014, 2015x2) at NTNU (No.). Wageningen Univ. (Nl.) and Univ. Twente (Nl.) and 2 thesis committee member.
- 1.5 yrs at Wetsus – centre of excellence for sustainable water technology, the Netherlands, 2011-2012.
- 6 months exchange to Queens Univ./FCRC, Ontario, Canada – studying Transport Phenomena 2010.
- 6 months research stay at Dep. Metallargy and Mat. Sci., University of Cambridge, UK, 2005.
Associated Research Projects,
*Contributed in writing the proposal, †Project manager
- *,† ENERSENSE – LEADER of this centrally supported strategic research area at HiST, ranked 1st among all applications - 2015-2023.
- *NRC, “Norwegian Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Centre”, Chair education work package Gr# 245678, 2015-.
- *,† Strategic Area at the Faculty of Technology, HiST, “ENERSENSE”, 2015-2023.
- *,† Storforsk, “Advanced flow cell battery laboratory”, 2014-.
- *,† PhD-project, HiST, “Advanced Flow Cell Battery Systems”, 2014-.
- *PhD-project, HiST, “Transport phenomena in advanced flow cell batteries”, 2014-.
- *,† PhD-project, HiST, “Heat, Power and the Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC)”, 2013-.
- *NRC “Life and Safety for Li-ion batteries in Maritime conditions (SafeLiLife)” G.# 228739, 2012-.
- *NRC “Reverse ElectroDialysis” FRIENERGI – Gr.# 197598, 2010-.
- *NRC “Next generation thermoelectric energy converters” - Gr.# 221672, 2011-.
- NRC “Fugitive emissions of Materials and Energy” – Gr.# 193161, 2010-.
- EU FP7 “CAPMIX – Capacitors and membranes for salinity difference Energy” Gr.# 256868, 2010-2014.
- NRC “Thermal effects in PEM Fuel Cells” RENERGI – Gr.# 164466/S30, 2005-2009.
Scientific, academic and artistic work
A selection of recent journal publications, artistic productions, books, including book and report excerpts. See all publications in the database
- (2019) Measuring the thermal conductivity of membrane and porous transport layer in proton and anion exchange membrane water electrolyzers for temperature distribution modeling. International journal of hydrogen energy.
- (2019) Sonochemical and Sonoelectrochemical Production of Hydrogen - A Review. Ultrasonics sonochemistry. vol. 51.
- (2019) Energy generation and storage by salinity gradient power: A model-based assessment. Journal of Energy Storage. vol. 24.
- (2018) The influence of graphitization on the thermal conductivity of catalyst layers and temperature gradients in proton exchange membrane fuel cells. International journal of hydrogen energy.
- (2018) Thermal conductivity and compaction of GDL-MPL interfacial composite material. Journal of the Electrochemical Society. vol. 165 (7).
- (2018) Thermal Gradients and Thermal Conductivity in PEM Fuel Cells, Compared to Li-Ion Batteries and Super Capacitors. ECS Transactions. vol. 86 (13).
- (2018) Improving carbon efficiency and profitability of the biomass to liquid process with hydrogen from renewable power. Fuel. vol. 234.
- (2018) New Insights into Computational Fluid Dynamic Modeling of the Resistivity and Overpotential in Reverse Electrodialysis. ECS Transactions. vol. 85 (13).
- (2018) Temperature and Velocity Effects on Mass and Momentum Transport in Spacer-Filled Channels for Reverse Electrodialysis: A Numerical Study. Energies. vol. 11 (8).
- (2018) Heat to H2: Using Waste Heat to Set Up Concentration Differences for Reverse Electrodialysis Hydrogen Production. ECS Transactions. vol. 85 (13).
- (2017) Review: PEMFC Materials' Thermal Conductivity and Influence on Internal Temperature Profiles. ECS Transactions. vol. 80.
- (2017) A review of the curious case of heat transport in polymer electrolyte fuel cells and the need for more characterisation. Current Opinion in Electrochemistry. vol. 5.
- (2017) Exploring the potential for waste heat recovery during metal casting with thermoelectric generators: On-site experiments and mathematical modelling. Energy. vol. 118.
- (2017) Influence of Electrode Gas Flow Rate and Solid Oxide Ratio in Electrolyte on the Seebeck Coefficient of Molten Carbonate Thermocell. Journal of the Electrochemical Society. vol. 164 (8).
- (2017) Single Electrode Entropy Change for LiCoO2 Electrodes. ECS Transactions. vol. 80 (10).
- (2017) Thermal conductivity and internal temperature profiles of Li-ion secondary batteries. Journal of Power Sources. vol. 359.
- (2017) Measurements of ageing and thermal conductivity in a secondary NMC-hard carbon Li-ion battery and the impact on internal temperature profiles. Electrochimica Acta. vol. 250.
- (2017) Investigating Phase-Change-Induced Flow in Gas Diffusion Layers in Fuel Cells with X-ray Computed Tomography. Electrochimica Acta. vol. 256.
- (2016) Experimental Study of Thermal Conductivity and Compression Measurements of the GDL-MPL Interfacial Composite Region. ECS Transactions. vol. 75 (14).
- (2016) Method for studying high temperature aqueous electrochemical systems: Methanol and glycerol oxidation. Electrochimica Acta. vol. 222.