Action publications

Populist Political Communication in Europe

Action publications


The Second Action Anthology

Communicating populism. Comparing interactions between politicians, media, and citizens across Europe. New York: Routledge, 2019.
Edited by Carsten Reinemann, James Stanyer, Toril Aalberg, Frank Esser, & Claes de Vreese

The second action anthology coordinated by this action is now available in hard copy. It is part of the series Routledge Studies in Media, Communication, and Politics. The book is based on a set of news and innovative empirical studies which focus on (a) politicians’ and journalists’ perceptions of populist communication, (b) media coverage of populism and (c) the effects of populist communication on citizens. The large-scale internationally comparative analysis presented in this book is based on comparative interview studies with journalists and politicians (15 countries in two studies), a large-scale comparative content analysis (12 countries), and a comparative cross-country experiment using nationally representative online-surveys (15 countries). The action core group are the editors of the book. 

Special issue of International Journal of Press Politics on "Populist Communication" 
Volume 23, Issue 4, October 2018

Special issue editors: Toril Aalberg, Frank Esser, Carsten Reinemann,
James Stanyer & Claes de Vreese

Articles published on-line


Populism as an Expression of Political Communication Content and Style: A New Perspective
Claes H. de Vreese, Frank Esser, Toril Aalberg, Carsten Reinemann, and James StanyerCarsten Reinemann, and James Stanyer


Start Spreading the News: A Comparative Experiment on the Effects of Populist Communication on Political Engagement in Sixteen European Countries
Michael Hameleers, Linda Bos, Nayla Fawzi et al

A Populist Zeitgeist? The Communication Strategies of Western and Latin American Political Leaders on Facebook
Authors: Mattia Zulianello, Alessandro Albertini, Diego Ceccobelli

News Media as Gatekeepers, Critics, and Initiators of Populist Communication: How Journalists in Ten Countries Deal with the Populist Challenge
Martin Wettstein, Frank Esser, Anne Schulz, Dominique Stefanie Wirz, and Werner Wirth

Populism and the Gender Gap: Comparing Digital Engagement with Populist and Non-populist Facebook Pages in France, Italy, and Spain
Giuliano Bobba, Cristina Cremonesi, Moreno Mancosu, and Antonella Seddone

The Effects of Right-Wing Populist Communication on Emotions and Cognitions toward Immigrants
Dominique S. Wirz, Martin Wettstein, Anne Schulz, Philipp Müller, Christian Schemer, Nicole Ernst, Frank Esser, and Werner Wirth

Special issue of Information, Communication & Society on “Populist Online Communication"
Volume 20, no 9 2017.

Guest Editors: Sven Engesser, Nayla Fawzi & Anders Olof Larsson

The First Action Anthology

Populist Political Communication in Europe. New York: Routledge, 2017.
Edited by Toril Aalberg, Frank Esser, Carsten Reinemann, Jesper Strömbäck & Claes de Vreese.

The first publication produced by this action was published in 2017 as part of the series Routledge Research in Communication Studies. 60 authors have contributed to the anthology of whom 52 are action participants. The action core group were editors of the book. 

Other publications by action members

Other publications by action members

Bergmann, E (2018, September). Conspiracy & Populism: The Politics of Misinformation. London: Palgrave Macmillan

Bos, Linda, Christian Schemer, Nicoleta Corbu, Michael Hameleers, Ioannis Andreadis, Anne Schulz, Desirée Schmuck, Carsten Reinemann and Nayla Fawzi (under review) The effects of populism as a social identity frame. Evidence from a 15-country comparative experiment . Submitted to special issue of European Journal of Political Research on “The Political Psychology of Populism”.

Hameleers, M., Bos, L., Fawzi, N., Reinemann, C., Andreadis, I., Corbu, N., Schemer, C., Sheafer, T., Aalberg, T., Axelsson, S., Balas, D. C., Berganza, R. Cremonesi, C., Dahlberg, S., Hess, A., Kartsounidou, E., Kasprowicz, D., Negrea-Busuioc, E., Ringdal, S., Salgado, S., Sanders, K., Schmuck, D., Schulz, A., Stepinska, A. M., Suiter, J., Tenenboim-Weinblatt, K., & Weiss, N. (2018). Start Spreading the News: A Comparative Experiment on the Effects of Populist Communication on Political Participation in 16 European Countries.  Minor revisions International Journal of Press Politics.

Peicheva D., Raycheva L., Milenkova V., Manov B. (2018). Transformations in Mass Society and Emergent Properties of  Human Behavior in Contemporary  Media Space. In: Karwowski W., Ahram T. (Eds.) Intelligent Human Systems Integration. Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Intelligent Human Systems Integration (IHSI 2018): Integrating People and Intelligent Systems, January 7-9, 2018, Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Springer: Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. No 722. ISBN 978-3-319-73887-1; ISBN 978-3-319-73888-8 (eBook).,pp.583-588;

Sorensen, Lone, Populist Communication in the New Media Environment: A Cross-Regional Comparative Perspective (April 2018). Palgrave Communications, Vol. 4, Issue 1, pp. 48-48, 2018. Available at SSRN: or

Szabó G, Norocel OC & Bene M (iFirst 2018) Media Visibility and Inclusion of Radical Right Populism in Hungary and Romania: A Discursive Opportunity Approach. Problems of Post-Communism. 1-14. DOI: 10.1080/10758216.2018.1460208

Tomov M., Raycheva L. (2018) Populist Approach to Migration in the Contemporary Media Ecosystem. In: Rhetoric and Communications E-journal, Issue 33, March 2018.;

Andreadis, I and Stavrakakis, Y. (2017), "European Populist Parties in Government: How Well are Voters Represented? Evidence from Greece" Swiss Political Science Review or a pre-review version

Bergmann, E (2017). Nordic Nationalism and Right-Wing Populist Politics. London: Palgrave Macmillan

Bos, L., Sheets, P. H., Boomgaarden, H. G. (in press). The Role of Implicit Attitudes in Populist Radical Right Support. Political Psychology.

Dragićević Šešić, M. & Vickery J. (eds) (2017) Cultural policy in times of rising populism, KPY Cultural Policy and Management Yearbook, Istanbul Bilgi University Press. English edition: ISBN 978-605-399-514-2

De Cleen, Benjamin & Stavrakakis, Yannis (2017) Distinctions and Articulations. A Discourse-Theoretical Framework for the Study of Populism and Nationalism. Javnost – The Public 24(4): 301-319.

De Cleen, Benjamin & Stavrakakis, Yannis (eds.) (2017) Special issue of Javnost – The Public 24(4) on Populism and Nationalism: Constructing and Representing ‘The People’ as Underdog and as Nation

Engesser, Sven, Fawzi, Nayla & Larsson, Anders Olof (2017). Populist Online Communication: Introduction to the Special Issue. Information, Communication and Society, 29(9), 1279-1292.

Hameleers, M., & Schmuck, D. (2017). It’s Us against Them: A Comparative Experiment on the Effects of Populist Messages Communicated via Social Media. Information, Communication & Society20(9), 1425-1444. DOI: 10.1080/1369118X.2017.1328523  

Hameleers, M., Bos, L., De Vreese, C. H. (in press). Shoot the messenger? The media’s role in framing populist attributions of blame. Journalism.

Hameleers, M., Bos, L., De Vreese, C. H. (2017). “They did it”: The effects of emotionalized blame attribution as a populist communication strategy. Communication Research44(6), 870-900.

Hameleers, M., Bos, L., De Vreese, C. H. (2017). The appeal of media populism: The media preferences of citizens with populist attitudes. Mass Communication & Society20(4), 481-504.

Heiss, R., & Matthes, J. (2017). Who “likes” populists? Characteristics of adolescents following right-wing populist actors on Facebook. Information, Communication & Society20(9), 1408-1424.

Matkevičienė, Renata. (2017) How media constructs political corruption: case of the Internet media reaction to the political corruption scandal during election campaign to the Parliament of Lithuania in 2016. Political Preferences, 14/2017. P. 35-46. DOI:10.6084/m9.figshare.5216164 ;

Matthes J., & Schmuck, D. (2017). The effects of anti-immigrant right-wing populist ads on implicit and explicit attitudes: A moderated mediation model. Communication Research, 44(4), 556-581.

Müller, P., Schemer, C., Wettstein, M., Schulz, A., Wirz, D. S., Engesser, S., & Wirth, W. (2017). The Differential Effects of News Coverage on Public Opinion about Populism: Evidence from a Panel Study in four European Countries. Journal of Communication. First published 31 October 2017.

Negrea-Busuioc, E., Corbu, N. (2017), ’Does Economy Really Matter?’ People’s Evaluations of the Economy and the Success of Populist Parties in Europe, in Bârgăoanu, A., Buturoiu, R., Radu, L.(eds.). Why Europe? Narratives and Counter-Narratives of European Integration,  Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 203-223.

Norocel OC, Szabó G & Bene M (2017) Integration or Isolation? Mapping Out the Position of Radical Right Media in the Public Sphere. International Journal of Communication 11: 3764-3788.

Peicheva, D., Raycheva, L. (2017) Framing Political Populism in Contemporary Media Ecosystem. European Quarterly of Political Attitudes and Mentalities, ISSN 2285-4916 ISSN-L 2285-4916, Volume 6, Issue No.4 (October 2017), pp. 1-13, FSP, University of Bucharest, openly accessible online at:

Raycheva L., Peicheva D. (2017) Populism in Bulgaria between Politicization of Media and Mediatization of Politics.Mediatizations Studies. Vol 1-No 1. pp. 69-81.

Raycheva L. (2017). Bulgaria: The Migrant Influx. In: Barlai Melani, Fähnrich Birte, Griesler Christina, Rhomberg Markus (eds.) The Migrant Crisis: European Perspectives and National Discourses. Zurich: Lit Verlag GmbH&Co. KG Wien, pp. 79-92

Raycheva L. & Suminas Andrius (2017) A Negative Touch in Posters and Spots. In: Holtz-Bacha Christina, EdoardoNovelli, Kevin Rafter (eds.) Political Advertising in the 2014 European Parliament Elections. Palgrave Macmillan UK, pp. 80-96. eBook ISBN 978-1-137-56981-3, DOI 10.1057/978-1-137-56981-3, Hardcover ISBN 978-1-137-56980-6

Schmuck, D., & Matthes, J. (2017). Effects of economic and symbolic threat appeals in right-wing populist advertising on anti-immigrant attitudes: The impact of textual and visual appeals. Political Communication34(4), 607-626.

Schmuck, D., Matthes, J., & Paul, F. (2017). Negative stereotypical portrayals of Muslims in right-wing populist campaigns: Perceived discrimination, social identity threats, and hostility among young Muslim adults. Journal of Communication67(4), 610-634.

Schulz, A., Müller, P., Schemer, C., Wirz, D. S., Wettstein, M., & Wirth, W. (2017). Measuring populist attitudes on three dimensions. International Journal of Public Opinion Research. First published 14 February 2017.

Aleknonis, Gintaras, Matkevičienė, Renata. (2016) Populism in Lithuania: Defining the research tradition. Baltic Journal of Law & Politics. 9:1 (2016): 26-48. DOI: 10.1515/bjlp-2016-0002

Marquart, F., & Matthes, J. (2016). Campaigning subtle exclusionism: The effects of right-wing populist positive ads on attitudes toward foreigners in Austria. Studies in Communication | Media5(2), 223-239.

Matthes, J., Marquart, F., Arendt, F., & Wonneberger, A. (2016). The selective avoidance of threat appeals in right-wing populist political ads: An implicit cognition approach using eye-tracking methodology. In P. Verlegh, H. Voorveld, & M. Eisend (Eds.), Advances in Advertising Research, Vol. VI. The Digital, the Classic, the Subtle, and the Alternative (pp. 135-147). Wiesbaden: Springer Gabler

Nikolić, Mirjana (2016) Sensationalism and populism vs. Social Responsibility of the Electronic Media, Media Dialogues No. 24, Podgorica, ISSN 1800 7074

Norocel OC (2016) Disciplinary Intersections of Gender and Ethnicity in Populist Radical Right Media in Romania. Identities. Global Studies in Culture and Power 23(2): 247-264.

Sheets, P. H., Bos, L., Boomgaarden, H. G. (2016) Media cues and citizen support for right-wing populist parties.International Journal of Public Opinion Research28(3), 307-330.

Arendt, F., Marquart, F., & Matthes, J. (2015). Effects of right-wing populist political advertising on implicit and explicit stereotypes. Journal of Media Psychology, 27(4), 178-189.

Bergmann, E (2015). ‘Populism in Iceland: Has the Progressive Party turned populist?’ Icelandic Review of Politics and Administration. Reykjavik: University of Iceland. Vol. 11(1), 33-54.

Bobba, G. & Seddone, A. (2015). Issues without owners, candidates without ownership. An analysis of 2013 Italian general election campaign. Quaderni di scienza politica, 22(1), pp. 37-60.

Bobba, G. & McDonnell, D. (2015). A Strong and Enduring Market for Populism. In H. Kriesi & T. S. Pappas (Eds.), European Populism in the Shadow of the Great Recession (pp. 163-179). Colchester: ECPR Press .

Kübler, D., Christmann, A., Hasler, K., Marcinkowski, F., & Schemer, C. (2015). New Regionalism: Too Complex for the Media Watchdog? Media reporting and citizens' perception of democratic legitimacy in four European metropolitan areas. Urban Affairs Review, 51(5), 676-707.

Mustapić, M., Balabanić, I., Plenković, M. (2015). Political news coverage of the 2015 election campaign in Croatia: populism and media. In: Salgado, S. (with contributions of Balabanic, I., Garcia-Luengo, O., Mustapic, M., Papathanassopoulos, S., Stępińska, A., Suiter, J.) (2015). Election news in six European countries: what is covered and how? – Study for research project  (ICS working paper)

Norocel OC (2015) The Panoptic Performance of Masculinity for the Romanian Ethno-Nationalist Project: Disciplinary Intersections in Populist Radical Right Print Media. Journal of Diversity and Gender Studies (DiGeSt) 2(1-2): 143-156.

Schmuck, D., & Matthes, J. (2015). How anti-immigrant right-wing populist advertisements affect young voters: Symbolic threats, economic threats, and the moderating role of education. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 41(10), 1577-1599.

Schulz, A., Müller, P., Wirz, D., Wettstein, M., Wirth, W., & Schemer, C. (2015, August). Measuring populist attitudes on three dimensions. ECPR General Conference, August 26-29, 2015, Montréal.

G. Aleknonis (2014), European Parliament Elections in Lithuania: Populist Competition in the Shadow of the Presidential Vote, Political Preferences, vol. 9, p. 39-56.

Bobba, G. & Seddone, A. (2014). L’antipolitica in agenda. Temi e leader sui media mainstream nella campagna elettorale 2013 (Anti-politics on the agenda. Topics and leaders of the 2013 election campaign in the mainstream media coverage). Comunicazione politica, 15(1), 115-132.

Bos, L., Brants, K. L. K. (2014) Wilders en de golf van het populisme [Wilders and the wave of populism], Chapter 10, in: Van Praag, P., Brants, K. L. K. (ed.) Media, Macht en Politiek [Media, Power and Politics]. Diemen: AMB

Bos, L., Brants, K. L. K. (2014). Populist rhetoric in politics and media: a longitudinal study of the Netherlands. European Journal of Communication.    

Hobeika, A., & Villeneuve, G. (2014). National Front themes and the agenda of the French press (2006-2013) in Populist Politics and the media, London : Counterpoint

Stavrakakis, Y. (2014). The return of 'the people': Populism and anti-populism in the shadow of the European crisis, Constellations, 21:4, 505-517.

Stavrakakis, Y. & Katsambekis, G. (2014). Left-wing populism in the European periphery: The case of SYRIZA, Journal of Political Ideologies, 19:2, 119-142.

Stavrakakis, Y. (2014). The European populist challenge, Annals of the Croatian Political Science Association, 10:1, 25-39.