Becoming Latency-Native

Rebekah Wilson

Sound is a profound method of communication—it allows for subtle inter-sensory communication that is immensely effective for transmitting and tracing our physical and emotional selves over the Internet, from one location to the other. By way of our creative proxies, we reinforce and elaborate on the resonances between our hopes and needs; what we transmit resonates with our own well-springs, a need to communicate with as much richness as possible.

The richness of sound and audio technology on the Internet springs from advancements integral to developments driven by the primary concerns of commerce and science, giving rise to operable and affordable bandwidth in newly-accessible geographical areas as well as developer gains such as the growing sophistication of codecs, browser technology and frameworks. As greater developments in sound technology become available to us, greater possibilities are revealed—impressive futures loom where sound can be transmitted to and played back from a multitude of hitherto-unimagined places and objects and with progressively decreasing latencies. In the delight of this complex machinery when we consider the applications that become possible, we must equally consider the positionality of makers in relation to those who adopt and use our interfaces, i.e. we must consider good stewardship. Stewardship means acknowledging that we hold a responsibility for good governance, to take into consideration how sustainable prosperity arises through the supporting of our communities; it means that we have a responsibility to foster and diversify the ecosystems that we capitalise on and survive within. Stewardship means being the role models we wish we’d have had, and it means that while promoting what excites us—whether that is streaming, gaming, sound art, music or coding for its own sake—we must also be promoting how and why it excites us. In doing so we draw in closer those who will bring new stories and new innovations, towards cultivating thoughtful, illuminating processes of technological development in step with cultural and demographic evolution.

Rebekah Wilson is an independent researcher, technologist and composer. Originating from New Zealand she studied instrumental and electroacoustic music composition, and taught herself computer technology. In the early 2000s her intricate entwining within the tessellating narratives of Netochka Nezvanova became most public as she held the role of artistic co-director at STEIM, Amsterdam, where her passions for music, performance and technology became fused. Since 2004 she has been co-founder and technology director for Chicago’s Source Elements, developing services that exploit the possibilities of networked sound and data for the digital sound industry while continuing to perform and lecture internationally. Having recently completed her masters in the field of networked music performance, she pursues her research today while dis-entangling / re-interlacing her many technical, musical and cinematic threads.


On our Past, Present, and Future with Web Audio Technologies – a participatory keynote address

Norbert Schnell

(1) Since I am infected, I often have a hard time to enjoy concerts. Most of them feel like ancient rituals representing the idea that we are unable to listen to and adequately express ourselves towards each other when we are more than a few. These rituals seem to remind us that if we express ourselves we have to make the others listen and that if ever we are more than a few we have to follow a leader and/or a detailed script. Meaningful relationships are often pictured as requiring elaborated action plans and persevering repetition. I don't really remember how this relates to my life.

(2) Since I am infected, I don't understand anymore why so many creators spend so much time on producing works which exclude their audience from the relationships they represent. At best, the audience is allowed to observe meticulously elaborated symbolic enactments from afar.

(3) However, I appreciate the collective silence before the show, when all participants are united in mutual attention.

(4) Like other communication technologies, web technologies extend our possibilities to create, maintain, and control our relationships to others.

(5) Music consists in its essence of metaphors for the relationships our lives are made of and for the way we create, maintain, and control them.

(6) What I always liked about digital music technologies is the possibility to constantly build new instruments and environments that play with these metaphors to embrace very different practices, people and communities.

(7) What I particularly like about web technologies is how they allow for effortlessly creating networks of mutual attention and multilateral interaction that may stand as lively metaphors for open, diverse, and pluralistic societies.

Norbert Schnell is professor of Music Design at the Digital Media Faculty at the Furtwangen University in the center of the Black Forest. He studied Music Technology in Graz before entering the IRCAM in Paris as researcher and developer in the field of interactive digital audio processing and interaction design. He received his doctorate on key aspects of sound and interaction design with recorded sounds. He chaired the 6th International Conference on New Interfaces for Musical Expression (NIME 2006) and the first Web Audio Conference (WAC 2015), which he initiated together with Samuel Goldszmidt. Over the past years, his research focuses on exploring collective interactions based on mobile and web technologies in the context of participative art and music projects, collaborative digital media, and music pedagogy.

Latest News

Latest News

  • March 8, 2020: We have launched the complete WAC Proceedings as compiled PDF book here! - Happy International Women's Day 2020!
  • November 18, 2019: We are very happy to announce our new bronze sponsor: Spotify! Welcome!
  • November 13, 2019: For those staying on Saturday 7 December, you should not miss the concert Future Perfect by Garth Paine in the Planetarium! More info here.
  • October 19, 2019: The full programme of the conference is now available here!
  • September 26, 2019: We are very proud to welcome our new silver sponsor: SonoSuite!
  • September 3, 2019: Our registration system is now open (early-bird registration until September 22, 2019, don't miss it!!!):
  • September 1, 2019: Check our accommodation recommendations with special prices, see our preliminary draft program and make sure to stay on Friday December 6, which we are preparing to be a special Friday with professional panels and discussions, great workshops and a final party!
  • August 19, 2019: The call for diversity tickets is out! To be eligible, you need to fill in the following online survey, available until September 8:
  • June 20, 2019: Exciting news! Native Instruments will be our second bronze sponsor!
  • June 14, 2019:  Deadline for submissions has been extended to June 23 (preliminary versions with at least title and abstract) and June 30 for final versions. Don't miss it!
  • June 12, 2019We are very happy to welcome our first silver sponsor: the NTNU Department of Electronic Systems! Also we are very glad to welcome Trondheim kommune as a collaborator! Thanks for your support! 
  • May 29, 2019: We are very pleased to announce our first bronze sponsor: Ableton! Thanks for your support! We have also announced the sponsorship packages that are available at WAC 2019 here.
  • May 24, 2019: We have launched a pre-submission draft feedback process for those individuals who are independent from academic institutions.
  • April 10, 2019: Mozilla is supporting the conference as a Diversity Sponsor! We will create a call for diversity grants and constitute a diversity committee. 
  • March 26, 2019: The Call for Submissions is open here, a selection of the best papers will be offered the opportunity to publish an extended version at JAES.
  • March 8, 2019: ROLI will be a Diversity sponsor. If you want to know more about diversity in web audio, the conference theme for this year, visit our dedicated page.
  • February 28, 2019: The Code of Conduct of WAC 2019 has been published!
  • February 14, 2019: The website of WAC 2019 has been launched:! Help us to spread the word and keep an eye on our daily updates! 
  • September 21, 2018: The WAC 2019 conference and committee was announced during WAC 2018 in Berlin. It was very well received by the WAC community, see you all in Trondheim!


Silver Sponsors

Logo fo Faculty of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering Logo for Sono Suite

Diversity Sponsors

LOgo for Roli      Logo for Mozilla

Bronze Sponsors

Logo for Ableton     Logo for Native Instruments Logo for Spotify     

In collaboration with

In collaboration with


NTNU Department of Music logo
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WoNoMute logo Cinemateket logo